Phenylephrine for Spinal Induced Hypotension
This study is designed to determine the ED90 for a single dose of phenylephrine for the treatment of spinal induced hypotension in parturients presenting for an elective CD. The ED90 is the effective dose at which 90% of subjects will have a "positive" response to phenylephrine. The primary outcome measure is the ED90 for bolus phenylephrine. Secondary outcomes include the need for additional vasopressors, glycopyrolate to treat bradycardia, and the presence of hypertension following administration of phenylephrine.
Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
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Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00781157
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An alpha-adrenergic agonist used as a mydriatic, nasal decongestant, and cardiotonic agent.
Sympathetic alpha-adrenergic agonist with actions like PHENYLEPHRINE. It is used as a vasoconstrictor in circulatory failure, asthma, nasal congestion, and glaucoma.
A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.
An alpha-adrenergic blocking agent that is used in Raynaud's disease. It is also used locally in the eye to reverse the mydriasis caused by phenylephrine and other sympathomimetic agents. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1312)
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
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