Vitamin D3 for the Treatment of Low Vitamin D in Cystic Fibrosis
Vitamin D deficiency is common in cystic fibrosis. Vitamin D deficiency frequently persists despite aggressive treatment with ergocalciferol, a vitamin D preparation also known as vitamin D2. Cholecalciferol, a vitamin D preparation also known as vitamin D3,may work better to increase vitamin D levels.
Vitamin D is important for absorption of calcium from the diet and bone health. Vitamin D more recently has been found to play a role in regulating the normal inflammatory process. Since cystic fibrosis is a state of excessive inflammation, vitamin D may be playing a role in cystic fibrosis.
We hypothesize: cholecalciferol will work better to increase vitamin D levels in patients iwth cystic fibrosis and that it will have an effect on markers of inflammation.
Vitamin D deficiency is common in cystic fibrosis (CF) and persists despite relatively high doses of ergocalciferol, vitamin D2. Replacement has traditionally been focused upon maintenance of calcium and phosphorus homeostasis and bone health. However, non-classic roles of vitamin D have become increasingly recognized and the contribution of vitamin D deficiency to non-bone disorders has become apparent. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with increased risk of a variety of cancers, autoimmune diseases such as Type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis, Type 2 diabetes, tuberculosis, and myopathy. The connection between vitamin D and these disease states likely reflects vitamin D's role as a transcriptional regulator: it participates in cell cycle regulation and in the innate immune system mediates cathelicidin production following activation of toll-like receptors.One hallmark of CF is pulmonary hyper-inflammation with recurrent infections. Additionally, malnutrition and decreased lean muscle mass threaten pulmonary function in CF. While vitamin D and its relation to bone has been explored in CF, the role of vitamin D in inflammation, lean body mass and strength, and pulmonary muscle strength has not been investigated. Moreover, vitamin D replacement has traditionally been with ergocalciferol, vitamin D2. Vitamin D3, cholecalciferol, has a longer half-life and is considered more potent. Thus, cholecalciferol treatment of children and young adults with CF and vitamin D deficiency may be useful for attaining normal vitamin D status and for exploring the impact of vitamin D upon lean body mass, pulmonary muscle strength, and inflammation.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00762918
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
Mice, Inbred Cftr
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
A species of STENOTROPHOMONAS, formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia, which reduces nitrate. It is a cause of hospital-acquired ocular and lung infections, especially in those patients with cystic fibrosis and those who are immunosuppressed.
A rehabilitation therapy for removal of copious mucus secretion from the lung of patients with diseases such as CHRONIC BRONCHITIS; BRONCHIECTASIS; PULMONARY ABSCESS; or CYSTIC FIBROSIS. The patient's head is placed in a downward incline (so the TRACHEA is inferior to the affected area) for 15- to 20-minute sessions.
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