Irinotecan/Cetuximab Followed by XELOX/Cetuximab vs the Reverse Sequence in Metastatic CRC
This phase II study will evaluate which is the best way to administer cetuximab after recurrence in 1st line irinotecan+bevacizumab based treatment and to obtain results of the efficacy of the oxaliplatin+cetuximab combination as 2nd line treatment.
Because of the recent advances in the field of systemic chemotherapy for mCRC, like irinotecan, oxaliplatin, capecitabine, and targeted agents (Cetuximab, Bevacizumab) mCRC patients have an overall survival that in some cases reaches 25 months.Irinotecan is an inhibitor of the DNA enzyme topoisomerase I, with use in clinical practice for the last 10 years.In a phase II study with mCRC patients resistant to irinotecan based therapy the combination of irinotecan and Cetuximab (an IgG1 anti-EGFR antibody) yielded a response rate of 22.5%.Capecitabine was shown to have improved tolerability and response rate compared with bolus 5-FU, with comparable time to progression and survival.Oxaliplatin has been approved by the FDA for 2nd line treatment in the metastatic CRC setting as a number of trials have shown promising data for response rates, disease stabilization rates,median progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).KRAS is a predictive marker for clinical benefit from EGFR-based antibody treatment. KRAS is the first molecular marker for selection of a targeted therapy in combination with a standard chemotherapy regimen. Patients with KRAS wild-type tumors have a strong benefit from the administration of cetuximab with better PFS and objective responses.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Irinotecan, Capecitabine, Cetuximab, Oxaliplatin
University Hospital of Heraklion, Dep of Medical Oncology
Hellenic Oncology Research Group
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00755534
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
Tumor Suppressor Protein P53
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
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