The Effects of Epinephrine in Endotoxemia in Normal Volunteers
Epinephrine (adrenaline) is a substance produced by the body (in the adrenal gland) in response to stress such as infection or injury. Endotoxin is a man- made substance, which causes the body to "mimic" sickness (fever, chills, and achiness) for a few hours. This study is designed to give epinephrine before and/or after endotoxin to determine if this medication can prevent or relieve any of the symptoms caused by endotoxin.
The body's immune response to injury otr infection is very complex. immune cell activity, the release of specific mediators (such as proteins), genetics (Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA) and/or the body's "instructions" for making proteins (Ribonucleic Acid or RNA) may effect the body's clinical response to a stress such as an infection.Epinephrine (adrenaline) is a substance produced by the body (in the adrenal gland)in response to stress such as infection or injury. Endotoxin is a man- made substance, which causes the body to "mimic" sickness (fever, chills, and achiness) for a few hours. This study is designed to give epinephrine before and/or after endotoxin to determine if this medication can prevent or relieve any of the symptoms caused by endotoxin.In addition, this study may determine whether any of the above(proteins,DNA,RNA,etc.) correlate with or affect the body's response to epinephrine and/or endotoxin. This will enable the investigator to better understand whether treatment with this substance can alter the body's immune response.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Endotoxin, Lipopolysaccharide, LPS, Endotoxin, Lipopolysaccharide, LPS /Epinephrine
University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00753402
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Sensitive method for detection of bacterial endotoxins and endotoxin-like substances that depends on the in vitro gelation of Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL), prepared from the circulating blood (amebocytes) of the horseshoe crab, by the endotoxin or related compound. Used for detection of endotoxin in body fluids and parenteral pharmaceuticals.
Hemorrhagic necrosis that was first demonstrated in rabbits with a two-step reaction, an initial local (intradermal) or general (intravenous) injection of a priming endotoxin (ENDOTOXINS) followed by a second intravenous endotoxin injection (provoking agent) 24 h later. The acute inflammation damages the small blood vessels. The following intravascular coagulation leads to capillary and venous THROMBOSIS and NECROSIS. Shwartzman phenomenon can also occur in other species with a single injection of a provoking agent, and during infections or pregnancy. Its susceptibility depends on the status of IMMUNE SYSTEM, coagulation, FIBRINOLYSIS, and blood flow.
The lipopolysaccharide-protein somatic antigens, usually from gram-negative bacteria, important in the serological classification of enteric bacilli. The O-specific chains determine the specificity of the O antigens of a given serotype. O antigens are the immunodominant part of the lipopolysaccharide molecule in the intact bacterial cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Biological adaptation, such as the rise of EPINEPHRINE in response to exercise, stress or perceived danger, followed by a fall of epinephrine during RELAXATION. Allostasis is the achievement of stability by turning on and turning off the allostatic systems including the IMMUNE SYSTEM; the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM and NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEMS.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria characterized by an outer membrane that contains glycosphingolipids but lacks lipopolysaccharide. They have the ability to degrade a broad range of substituted aromatic compounds.
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