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The principal hypothesis of this study is that HPV testing and/or p16 testing, either alone or in combination or associated with a Pap smear, will demonstrate greater specificity for clinically significant precancerous disease than will a Pap smear alone and that these tests will be of comparable or superior sensitivity than the Pap smear.
Control: Uncontrolled, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Diagnostic cervical cancer screening tests (Pap smear, HPV and/or p16)
University Health Network - Toronto Western Hospital
University Health Network, Toronto
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:28:02-0400
The purpose of this study is to: 1. make p16INK4A as a cervical cancer screening of tumor markers, cytology improve existing diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, repeatability and ...
Despite the existence of an effective screening test (pap smear), cervical cancer is, every year in France, the cause of more than 3,000 new cases and 1,100 deaths. But, in France, 4 in 10...
Relationship between HPV infection and cervical cancer is well established. Among the HPV types identified to date, 15 are classified as high risk HPV (HR-HPV). Detection of HR-HPV has be...
RATIONALE: Screening tests may help doctors detect abnormal cells in the cervix early and plan effective treatment. PURPOSE: Screening trial to compare different types of screening tests ...
Although highly curable, cervical cancer kills thousands of women in developing countries annually. The investigators will pilot a project to improve detection of cervical cancer in Kilima...
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide. The sensitivity of conventional Pap smear in detecting cervical lesions before cervical cancer is 51%, which means the false neg...
Cervical cancer incidence in the United States is estimated to affect 12,900 women in 2016, with 4,100 deaths. Screening for this cancer with Pap test and adjunct human papillomavirus testing has made...
Two common concerns that are raised with regard to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination are that (a) because the vaccine clinical trial endpoints were high-grade cervical lesions and not cancer, the...
High-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is now recognized as a single, necessary cause of cancer of the cervix. Although Pap tests have been central to cervical cancer screening programs for more than ...
Cervical cancer screening has been successful in reducing the rates of cervical cancer in developed countries, but this disease remains the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in sub-Saharan Af...
A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four cervical spinal cord segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
A parameter usually used in PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY to measure the length of the uterine neck (CERVIX UTERI). Cervical length or its shortening is used to identify and prevent early cervical opening and PRETERM BIRTH.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
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