Logan Basic and Dysmenorrhea
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of Logan Basic Technique on symptoms of dysmenorrhea.
Dysmenorrhea, also known in the public realm as the dreaded painful period, is a common condition plaguing millions of women. The familiar symptoms of dysmenorrhea include but are not limited to muscle cramping of the lower abdominal muscles, mood swings, breast tenderness, and heavy flow just to name a few. These common complaints can range from a minor annoyance to debilitating. The allopathic model of medicine has offered up several solutions to this problem most women face during their reproductive phase of life. However, even with these options for menstrual discomfort relief, the problem still remains in overwhelming numbers. The rationale of this study is to possibly provide another safer and more effective treatment using protocols of chiropractic medicine.
According to Merck, dysmenorrhea is simplified as pelvic pain during menses. This condition can also be broken down into two forms-primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea tends to begin in adolescence with the onset of menses. This form is attributed to histological and hormonal changes to the female reproductive system. The symptoms tend to subside with age and pregnancy. Secondary dysmenorrhea is seen to develop in the adult female and is linked to structural anomalies of the pelvic region. Although both of these cause discomfort to several women, the main focus of this study is on treatment of primary dysmenorrhea as treatment of the secondary form involves addressing the underlying structural dysfunction causing the symptoms. This is out of the scope of this study.
Medical treatment of dysmenorrhea involves a few different facets. The first approach is to treat the symptoms of dysmenorrhea with the use of analgesics which is usually the most popular and convenient option. These medications are over-the-counter and are often effective treatment in mild cases. Another option commonly pursued in the medical realm is addressing the hormonal imbalances involved in symptomatology. This is done by prescribing the use of low dose oral contraceptives. This treatment is popular as it provides a convenient preventative measure for pregnancy in addition to symptom relief in some cases. Surgery, an extreme and last resort, involves anywhere from partial to a complete hysterectomy. With partial hysterectomies, there is a higher risk that symptoms will still be present following surgery. However, following a full hysterectomy the patient is subject to the adverse effects of post menopause including but not limited to increased bone loss.
Although effective in the treatment of dysmenorrhea, the medical options can produce adverse effects on the body. Chiropractic treatment offers a mode of care with limited risks and many benefits to the patient. It is the goal of this study to aid in the support of this statement. It has been documented that spinal manipulation using Flexion-Distraction technique combined with Manual Trigger Point therapy has positive results with short-term relief of symptomatology and disability related to chronic pelvic pain syndrome, which is defined as noncyclic pain in the pelvis lasting longer than three months. Although this condition is separate from dysmenorrhea it can provide some insight into symptomatology affecting this region. The Toftness system has also demonstrated significant improvement in subjects suffering from primary dysmenorrhea when compared to those subjects receiving sham adjustments. Gauntt demonstrated the benefits of Logan Basic Technique and Soft Tissue Manipulation in decreasing the symptoms of painful periods. The combination of these treatments establishes "great promise" in intervention of dysmenorrhea. The goal of this new study is to build on Gauntt's work by possibly duplicating these results. This study also aims to explore the efficacy of utilizing auxiliary abdominal contacts in addition to the Logan Basic Protocols.
Logan Basic Methods of adjusting addresses the correction of the base of the spine, the sacrum. By contacting the sacrotuberous ligament on the side of the anteriorly and inferiorly misaligned sacrum, the doctor corrects the said misalignment to help restore proper function to the affected sacroiliac joint. Furthermore, correction of the foundation of the spine, according to Logan Basic Methods, restores optimum function to the entire spine. To increase the efficacy of this procedure, known as the apex contact, one can also utilize auxiliary contacts. Auxiliary contacts are administered during the apex contact. Specifically, auxiliary abdominal contacts address hollow organ spasms. This may be beneficial in addressing the uterine muscle spasms commonly associated with menses.
Logan Basic encompasses a low force adjusting protocol which can be helpful in treatment of all types of patients. This technique is essentially safe for everyone with no known contraindications. However, with any adjusting technique there are adverse reactions to treatment, although usually minor. Patients can experience increased perspiration with their first few adjustments. Following adjustments, the patient can experience pain associated with muscle soreness, which can be treated with the use of cold compresses for twenty minutes on then twenty minutes off for the first 48 hours after treatment. Muscle soreness usually subsides within a day or two and its occurrence decreases with subsequent treatments. Some patients may experience a toxic reaction to treatment that is described as nausea and/or vomiting. This occurs in individuals with increased exposure to drugs and/or a poor diet. However, it is believed that though this reaction has occurred, these patients were in need of this intervention to eliminate toxins from the body.
For this study, a menstrual distress questionnaire will be utilized to objectively analyze subjective complaints of subjects in this study. This method of analyzing symptoms has been used in past studies including Snyder's study on the Toftness system and dysmenorrhea as well as in Gauntt's study on Logan Basic, Soft Tissue Manipulation, and dysmenorrhea. Moos provides an overview of the utilization of this questionnaire. It has been shown to be quite useful in studies with menstrual distress.
Through the exploration of Logan Basic Methods and auxiliary abdominal contacts in the treatment of dysmenorrhea, it is the hope of the investigators to provide some insight into this common condition affecting and disabling women. This investigation aims to build on previous studies showing the efficacy of chiropractic care in the treatment of menstrual distress. Through investigation of primary dysmenorrhea, this study can hopefully assist in opening the scientific community as well as the females of the current society to safer options in treatment of this common condition.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Menstrual Distress (Dysmenorrhea)
No Intervention, Sham Logan Basic Adjustment, Logan Basic adjustment
Logan University, College of Chiropractic
Logan College of Chiropractic
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00740818
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The use of severity-of-illness measures, such as age, to estimate the risk (measurable or predictable chance of loss, injury or death) to which a patient is subject before receiving some health care intervention. This adjustment allows comparison of performance and quality across organizations, practitioners, and communities. (from JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
The adjustment of the eye to variations in the intensity of light. Light adaptation is the adjustment of the eye when the light threshold is increased; DARK ADAPTATION when the light is greatly reduced. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Eosinophil Major Basic Protein
One of several basic proteins released from EOSINOPHIL cytoplasmic granules. Eosinophil major basic protein is a 14-kDa cytotoxic peptide with a pI of 10.9. In addition to its direct cytotoxic effects, it stimulates the release of variety of INFLAMMATION MEDIATORS.
Myelin Basic Proteins
A group of 7 proteins produced from a single gene by alternate splicing found in central and peripheral nervous system myelin. The major basic protein (MBP) has long been of interest because it is the antigen, that, when injected into an animal, elicits a cellular immune response that produces the CNS autoimmune disease called experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ALLERGIC). In the peripheral nervous system, myelin basic protein 18.5-kDa is often referred to as the P1 protein. (From Siegel et al., Basic Neurochemistry, 5th ed, p130, 133)
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