Combination of Sulfonylureas and Insulin Glargine Outpatient Therapy for Unstable Diabetes and Impending DKA

04:00 EDT 20th September 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to compare two simple and safe emergency department discharge therapy for Type 2 Diabetes patients with severe hyperglycemia and with no indications for inpatient admission.

Description

This study is an open label randomized controlled trial in adult DM2 patients seen in ED services at John H. Stroger Hospital of Cook County serving a largely uninsured/underserved population. Individuals more than 18 years of age with DM2, either with new onset DM2 or known diabetics who did not take oral hypoglycemic agents for more than 2 weeks, presenting with fasting blood glucose (FBG) 300-500 mg/dl or random blood glucose (RBG) 400-700 mg/dl and who did not have any exclusion criteria listed in Table 1, were eligible for the study. Subjects were randomized to one of the two fixed dose treatment groups: 1) Glipizide XL 10 mg orally daily prior to breakfast (G group), 2) Glipizide XL 10 mg orally daily along with Insulin Glargine 10 units at bedtime, subcutaneously (G+G group).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Type 2 Diabetes

Intervention

Glipizide, Glipizide and Glargine

Location

John H Stroger Hospital Of Cook County
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60612

Status

Completed

Source

John H. Stroger Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An oral hypoglycemic agent which is rapidly absorbed and completely metabolized.

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that it is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .

Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).

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