The Efficacy, Safety and Genetic Polymorphism of Hypoca and Adalat OROS in Hypertensive Patients
Nifedipine and barnidipine act as calcium channel blockers, and are widely prescribed for pressure control of prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension.
CYP3A4 is responsible for the metabolism of nifedipine and nifedipine, while the contribution of CYP3A5 remains ambiguous. This study is aimed to analyze the association between antihypertensive effects of nifedipine as well as barnidipine and single nucleotide polymorphisms of CYP3A4, CYP3A5 and calcium channels.
For each drug, 20 patients will be enrolled. Patients' blood pressure and heart rates will be measured at first visit, followed by visits at week4 , week 8 and week 12. Blood samples will be drawn at week 4 and week 12 for following analyses of drug plasma concentrations. SNPs in CYP3A4, CYP3A5 and calcium channel v 1.2 will be genotyped using SNPstream.
The differences in the decrease of blood pressures and the durg plasma concentrations between genotypes will be analyzed.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
National Taiwan University Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00728858
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.
A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.
A prostaglandin that is a powerful vasodilator and inhibits platelet aggregation. It is biosynthesized enzymatically from PROSTAGLANDIN ENDOPEROXIDES in human vascular tissue. The sodium salt has been also used to treat primary pulmonary hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PULMONARY).