Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma With Autologous Melan-A/MART-1 Specific CTL Clones
Most of HLA-A2 melanomas express Melan-A/MART-1 antigen and are recognized by tumor reactive Melan-A specific T lymphocytes. By using blood samples from HLA-A2 melanoma patients (stage III and IV), our goal is to produce a tumor reactive Melan-A specific T cell clones and to conduct a phase I-II clinical trial, based on the infusion of several millions to several billions of these lymphocytes to the patient, in order to induce passive immunity against this antigen. Production of the clones will be performed in the Unit for Cellular and Gene Therapy from Nantes University Hospital. Therapeutic response, safety treatment but also localization and survival of infused T cell clones will be assessed. This approach is expected to precise the ability of the clones to migrate within the tumor and to transfer specific immunity.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
autologous Melan-A/MART-1 specific CTL clones
Nantes University Hopspital
Pays de la Loire
Nantes University Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00720031
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Lymphocytes that show specificity for autologous tumor cells. Ex vivo isolation and culturing of TIL with interleukin-2, followed by reinfusion into the patient, is one form of adoptive immunotherapy of cancer.
A melanosome-specific protein that plays a role in the expression, stability, trafficking, and processing of GP100 MELANOMA ANTIGEN, which is critical to the formation of Stage II MELANOSOMES. The protein is used as an antigen marker for MELANOMA cells.
Form of passive immunization where previously sensitized immunologic agents (cells or serum) are transferred to non-immune recipients. When transfer of cells is used as a therapy for the treatment of neoplasms, it is called adoptive immunotherapy (IMMUNOTHERAPY, ADOPTIVE).
An active immunizing agent and a viable avirulent attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, var. bovis, which confers immunity to mycobacterial infections. It is used also in immunotherapy of neoplasms due to its stimulation of antibodies and non-specific immunity.
Form of adoptive transfer where cells with antitumor activity are transferred to the tumor-bearing host in order to mediate tumor regression. The lymphoid cells commonly used are lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). This is usually considered a form of passive immunotherapy. (From DeVita, et al., Cancer, 1993, pp.305-7, 314)
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