High Dose Versus Standard Dose Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI) in High-risk Bleeding Peptic Ulcers After Combined Endoscopic Treatment
The study was designed to evaluate the efficacy an adjuvant use of standard dose or high dose of proton pump inhibitor after combined endoscopic hemostasis therapy.
Acute peptic ulcer bleeding remains the most common cause of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy serves as a tool for initial diagnosis and triage and also a tool for immediate hemostasis, especially for high-risk lesions. High-risk lesions include peptic ulcers with active spurting vessel, oozing vessel, or NBVV, nonbleeding visible vessel. Current modalities of endoscopic hemostasis include epinephrine injection, endoscopic coaptive thermocoagulation, hemoclipping. Endoscopic hemostasis has been documented by a number of clinical studies to be effective in decreasing rebleeding, need for emergency surgery, decreasing hospitalization days. Current evidence also shows that combination therapy with epinephrine injection and heater probe thermocoagulation/hemo-clip hemostasis is more effective than epinephrine injection alone or than heater probe thermocoagulation alone, or than hemoclip hemostasis alone. Studies showed a high dose intravenous proton pump inhibitor infusion after initial endoscopic hemostasis reduced recurrent ulcer bleeding. However, it was still controversial whether an adjuvant use of standard-dose proton pump inhibitor therapy to endoscopic therapy had similar benefit. We hypothesized that an adjuvant use of standard dose of proton pump inhibitor after combined endoscopic hemostasis therapy offer similar benefit as high dose proton pump inhibitor did.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
High dose pantoprazole infusion, Standard dose pantoprazole infusion
National Taiwan University Hospital
National Taiwan University Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00709046
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Lethal Dose 50
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Home Infusion Therapy
Use of any infusion therapy on an ambulatory, outpatient, or other non-institutionalized basis.
Mice, Inbred Sencar
Mice selectively bred for hypersusceptibility to two-stage chemical skin carcinogenesis. They are also hypersusceptible to UV radiation tumorigenesis with single high-dose, but not chronic low-dose, exposures. SENCAR (SENsitive to CARcinogenesis) mice are used in research as an animal model for tumor production.
Maximum Tolerated Dose
The highest dose of a biologically active agent given during a chronic study that will not reduce longevity from effects other than carcinogenicity. (from Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
The specific failure of a normally responsive individual to make an immune response to a known antigen. It results from previous contact with the antigen by an immunologically immature individual (fetus or neonate) or by an adult exposed to extreme high-dose or low-dose antigen, or by exposure to radiation, antimetabolites, antilymphocytic serum, etc.
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