Nelfinavir, a Phase I/Phase II Rectal Cancer Study
The aim is to study safety and activity of nelfinavir , added to standard chemoradiotherapy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Furthermore analysis of the effect of nelfinavir combined with chemoradiation on tumour tissue will be studied
Objective of the study:
The aim is to study safety and activity of nelfinavir, added to standard chemoradiotherapy (28x1.8 Gy and capecitabine 825 mg/m2 BID) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Furthermore analysis of the effect of nelfinavir combined with chemoradiation on tumor tissue will be studied.
This is an open label, single-center phase I/II trial. During phase I the toxicity of 2 dose levels will be studied (750 mg BID and 1250 mg BID). During phase II the activity of nelfinavir in combination with capecitabine and radiotherapy will be studied, using the MTD from phase I. With respect to translational research, phosphorylation of Akt in monocytes and tumorcells will be measured at different timepoints during treatment. Furthermore, dynamic CT-PET scans will be obtained at different time points to get an impression of changes in SUV and perfusion during treatment and to correlate these changes with pathological response.
Patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, who are candidates for chemoradiotherapy. In phase I, 6 patients will be included. In case of the occurrence of dose limiting toxicity, extra patients will be included, according to the rules described in the protocol. In phase II, 55 patients will be included.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Active, not recruiting
Maastricht Radiation Oncology
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00704600
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on May 17, 2012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
Tumor Suppressor Protein P53
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
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