Cognitive-Behavioral Bibliotherapy for the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents
This 16-week program examines cognitive behavioral bibliotherapy to typical therapist-directed cognitive behavior therapy for children and adolescents with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
This study is designed to compare self-directed bibliotherapy and therapist-directed cognitive behavioral therapy for children and adolescents with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Both treatments involve exposure and response prevention (EX/RP), in which the child confronts OCD fears and is asked to refrain from compulsive rituals (such as repetitive handwashing, counting, etc.). Participants are requested to complete an initial evaluation to determine diagnosis, and four follow-up evaluations to assess symptom severity and change due to treatment for a total of 16 weeks. Participant involvement to self-directed bibliotherapy versus traditional cognitive-behavioral treatment will be determined through random assignment.
In the bibliotherapy condition, the child or adolescent will meet with a therapist twice over the course of treatment, along with a parent. The therapist will discuss a self-directed program of EX/RP to be implemented at a pace deemed appropriate by child and parent at their own home. The child and parent will be provided with a manual designed to instruct them how to cope with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. This treatment involves the parent and child reading the book, performing exercises, and monitoring symptoms on a weekly basis for 8 weeks.
In the therapist-directed treatment condition, the child or adolescent will meet weekly with a therapist along with their parent. The therapist, parent, and child will work together to design and implement a program of EX/RP. This treatment involves performing exercises, monitoring symptoms on a weekly basis, and completing homework assignments. Parents will be asked to help coach their child with at-home exercises challenging the Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. This treatment lasts 12 weeks.
Evaluations will be conducted following the completion of each treatment to assess the efficacy of each treatment on OCD symptoms. The treatment and evaluations for OCD are provided free of charge.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cognitive Behavioral Bibliotherapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Anxiety Disorder Center; Institute of Living
University of Connecticut Health Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00690729
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
A mouse substrain that is genetically predisposed to the development of systemic lupus erythematosus-like syndrome, which has been found to be clinically similar to the human disease. It has been determined that this mouse strain carries a mutation in the fas gene. Also, the MRL/lpr is a useful model to study behavioral and cognitive deficits found in autoimmune diseases and the efficacy of immunosuppressive agents.
Measurable biological (physiological, biochemical, and anatomical features), behavioral (psychometric pattern) or cognitive markers that are found more often in individuals with a disease than in the general population. Because many endophenotypes are present before the disease onset and in individuals with heritable risk for disease such as unaffected family members, they can be used to help diagnose and search for causative genes.
The use of art as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.
This study will evaluate the effectiveness of two cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) in treating obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in patients who are taking medication but still have...
This study will examine the way cognitive behavioral therapy changes the structure of the brain in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and will thereby determine what makes cogniti...
This study will determine whether cognitive behavioral therapy delivered by either psychologists or psychiatrists can improve the effectiveness of serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment in...
Although cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most effective intervention for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), many people do receive CBT initially. Given this, alternat...
Over a period of 3 weeks, association splitting is compared to cognitive remediation (CogPack training) as an add-on intervention to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Blind to treatment...
Several lines of evidence have shown that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is more effective than pharmacotherapy for people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Not only pharmacotherapy-resist...
Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), few reliable predictors of treatment outcome have been identified. The present study exam...
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has demonstrated efficacy and effectiveness for treating mood and anxiety disorders. Dissemination of CBT via videoconference may help improve access to treatment.
Aim: Little is known about why some patients respond to cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, whereas other patients do not. To understand differences in treatment response, there is a dire need...