Study of TS-1 or TS-1 + PSK for Gastric Cancer Patients
Since it is not uncertain about efficacy of combination therapy with PSK and TS-1 in gastric cancer, in this study, we compare efficacy and safety of postoperative adjuvant therapy using TS-1 or TS-1+PSK in the stage II or III gastric cancer patients.
TS-1 is an oral anticancer drug approved in Japan consisting of tegafur (a pro-drug of fluorouracil, 5-FU), gimeracil and oteracil potassium. The response rate of TS-1 in the untreated advanced gastric cancer patients was 44.6% in the late phase II study. In 2007, efficacy of the adjuvant therapy using TS-1 in the resected gastric cancer patients was demonstrated by ACTS-GC study group conducted in Japan. PSK is an oral anticancer drug approved in Japan consisting of protein-bound polysaccharide extracted from mycelium of Trametes (Coriolus) versicolor, a kind of mushroom. Even though survival benefit by PSK in combination with adjuvant chemotherapy using 5-FU or tegafur in the postoperative gastric cancer patients was already demonstrated, it is not uncertain about efficacy of combination therapy with PSK and TS-1 in gastric cancer. In this study, we compare efficacy and safety of postoperative adjuvant therapy using TS-1 or TS-1+PSK in the stage II or III gastric cancer patients.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil potassium (TS-1), Krestin (PSK)
Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Disease Center Komagome Hospital
Tokyo Metropolitan Oncology Group
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00687843
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is frequently up-regulated in human GASTRIC CANCER and is a tumor marker (TUMOR MARKERS, BIOLOGICAL) of gastric and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A condition due to decreased dietary intake of potassium, as in starvation or failure to administer in intravenous solutions, or to gastrointestinal loss in diarrhea, chronic laxative abuse, vomiting, gastric suction, or bowel diversion. Severe potassium deficiency may produce muscular weakness and lead to paralysis and respiratory failure. Muscular malfunction may result in hypoventilation, paralytic ileus, hypotension, muscle twitches, tetany, and rhabomyolysis. Nephropathy from potassium deficit impairs the concentrating mechanism, producing polyuria and decreased maximal urinary concentrating ability with secondary polydipsia. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
Stable potassium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element potassium, but differ in atomic weight. K-41 is a stable potassium isotope.