Susceptibility of Motor-Evoked Potentials to Varying Targeted Blood Levels of Dexmedetomidine

20:03 EDT 21st October 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Reduction of the spinal cord injuries during scoliosis surgery is a major goal of the anesthesia and surgical team. Despite improvement in scoliosis surgery over the years, the development of neurological deficits remains the most feared complication of spine surgery. During scoliosis surgery it is very important to monitor the spinal cord to detect spinal cord injury with surgical manipulation. Continuous or intermittent intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring (neuron-monitoring) is used routinely during these procedures to provide the surgeon with information concerning the integrity of neurological structures at risk. All neuron-monitoring modalities are affected by the anesthetic regimen used. Of the various intravenous anesthetic drugs, the combination of propofol, remifentanil and dexmedetomidine appear to impact neuron-monitoring the least. The current anesthetic practice is to use the three drugs in combination at doses that do not depress the signals but there is no data relating targeted dexmedetomidine and propofol blood levels to neuron-monitoring signals. The lack of data results in wide variability in dosing with consequent variability in patient response.

Hypothesis: Clinically relevant blood levels of dexmedetomidine will affect the amplitude of transcranial motor-evoked potentials (TcMEP) either independently or by interaction with propofol in a dose dependent manner.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Scoliosis

Intervention

low dexmedetomidine, low propofol, high dexmedetomidine, low propofol, Dexmedetomidine, Dexmedetomidin, Dexmedetomidine

Location

Cincinati Children Medical Center
Cincinnati
Ohio
United States
45229

Status

Recruiting

Source

Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Clinical Trials [219 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol in Vitreoretinal Surgery

The investigators would like to determine if using Dexmedetomidine alone or in a reduced dose can prevent or reduce the incidence of adverse effects, while providing adequate sedation, and...

Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol for Continuous Sedation in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU)

Patients in the ICU who need help with their breathing are put onto a machine called a ventilator and are also given a medicine, called a sedative, which helps them to sleep and makes them...

Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU)

This is a randomized controlled trial to compare propofol to dexmedetomidine for prolonged sedation (> 24 hours) in critically ill patients who require mechanical ventilation.

Is Dexmedetomidine Associated With a Lower Incidence of Postoperative Delirium When Compared to Propofol or Midazolam in Cardiac Surgery Patients

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the use of dexmedetomidine, a selective α2-adrenergic receptor agonist with sedative, analgesic, and antinociceptive properties, would be...

Cognitive Protection - Dexmedetomidine and Cognitive Reserve

This is a pilot study to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine in the prevention of delirium in non-cardiac surgical patients. The preliminary data regarding the effect of dexmedetomidine...

PubMed Articles [11471 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A Comparison of Propofol- and Dexmedetomidine-induced Electroencephalogram Dynamics Using Spectral and Coherence Analysis.

Electroencephalogram patterns observed during sedation with dexmedetomidine appear similar to those observed during general anesthesia with propofol. This is evident with the occurrence of slow (0.1 t...

Dexmedetomidine and propofol total intravenous anesthesia for airway foreign body removal.

To detail our experience using dexmedetomidine in combination with propofol for airway foreign body removal in spontaneously breathing patients.

A randomized study of intranasal vs. intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine in gastroscopy.

Objective: To compare the respiratory and circulatory parameters between intranasal and intravenous dexmedetomidine in gastroscopy. Methods: 60 patients undergoing elective gastroscopy were randomly d...

Dexmedetomidine vs remifentanil intravenous anaesthesia and spontaneous ventilation for airway foreign body removal in children.

/st>To compare the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine/propofol (DP)-total i.v. anaesthesia (TIVA) vs remifentanil/propofol (RP)-TIVA, both with spontaneous breathing, during airway foreign body (F...

The pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine administered as a constant rate infusion in horses.

Dexmedetomidine, the most selective α2 -adrenoceptor agonist in clinical use, is increasingly being used in both conscious and anaesthetized horses; however, the pharmacokinetics and sedative effects...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An agonist of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that is used in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties. It is the racemate of DEXMEDETOMIDINE.

A selective inhibitor of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that has analgesic and sedative properties. MEDETOMIDINE is the other racemic form.

An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.

Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.

Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).

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