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Reduction of the spinal cord injuries during scoliosis surgery is a major goal of the anesthesia and surgical team. Despite improvement in scoliosis surgery over the years, the development of neurological deficits remains the most feared complication of spine surgery. During scoliosis surgery it is very important to monitor the spinal cord to detect spinal cord injury with surgical manipulation. Continuous or intermittent intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring (neuron-monitoring) is used routinely during these procedures to provide the surgeon with information concerning the integrity of neurological structures at risk. All neuron-monitoring modalities are affected by the anesthetic regimen used. Of the various intravenous anesthetic drugs, the combination of propofol, remifentanil and dexmedetomidine appear to impact neuron-monitoring the least. The current anesthetic practice is to use the three drugs in combination at doses that do not depress the signals but there is no data relating targeted dexmedetomidine and propofol blood levels to neuron-monitoring signals. The lack of data results in wide variability in dosing with consequent variability in patient response.
Hypothesis: Clinically relevant blood levels of dexmedetomidine will affect the amplitude of transcranial motor-evoked potentials (TcMEP) either independently or by interaction with propofol in a dose dependent manner.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label
low dexmedetomidine, low propofol, high dexmedetomidine, low propofol, Dexmedetomidine, Dexmedetomidin, Dexmedetomidine
Cincinati Children Medical Center
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T09:17:49-0400
The investigators would like to determine if using Dexmedetomidine alone or in a reduced dose can prevent or reduce the incidence of adverse effects, while providing adequate sedation, and...
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This is a randomized controlled trial to compare propofol to dexmedetomidine for prolonged sedation (> 24 hours) in critically ill patients who require mechanical ventilation.
Dexmedetomidine, a central and peripheral α2-receptor agonist distinct from GABA receptor for benzodiazepines and propofol, has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration only f...
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Sevoflurane is associated with a relatively high incidence of emergence agitation (EA) in children. Prophylactic treatment, including midazolam, dexmedetomidine, ketamine, fentanyl and propofol, has b...
Anesthetic agents (eg, isoflurane, propofol) may cause neurodegeneration in the developing brains and impair animals' learning ability. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), a selective alpha 2-adrenoreceptor agonis...
Previous studies on the antioxidant activity of sedatives have predominantly been in vitro investigations that are lacking clinical data, resulting in conclusion without cogency. The aim of the presen...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on biventricular systolic and diastolic function using transoesophageal echocardiography. Cardiac function was assessed in 3...
Dexmedetomidine is an α-2 adrenergic agonist having wide range of effects including sedation in mammalian brain, and has analgesic as well as sympatholytic properties. This study aimed to compare the...
An agonist of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that is used in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties. It is the racemate of DEXMEDETOMIDINE.
A selective inhibitor of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that has analgesic and sedative properties. MEDETOMIDINE is the other racemic form.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
Spinal Cord Disorders
The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of the back which carry signals back and forth between the body and brain. It is protected by vertebrae, which are the bone disks that make up the spine. An accident that damages the verte...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...