Ultrasound Description of the Sciatic Nerve
Sciatic nerve blocks are frequently used for anesthesia or analgesia for surgery of the lower legs. Currently, if ultrasound is used to find the sciatic nerve, the leg must be raised to locate the nerve with the ultrasound probe on the back of the thigh. In pediatric surgery, the patients are anesthetized (asleep) before the block is given. It is difficult for one person to administer the sciatic nerve block using this method. We would like to identify the sciatic nerve using ultrasound on the side of the thigh and its location to the adjacent structures.
The sciatic nerve block is frequently used for anesthesia or analgesia for surgery of the lower extremities. Ultrasound-guided sciatic nerve blocks performed at the lateral mid-femoral level have been successfully described with subjects in the supine position and the lower limb elevated in order to accommodate the ultrasound probe against the posterior aspect of the thigh. In the pediatric setting in which nerve blocks are commonly performed with the patient anesthetized rather than awake, we find this technique to be unwieldy as a single-operator technique. Using a more ergonomic approach that has not been previously described, we plan to identify and describe the sciatic nerve with the ultrasound positioned against the lateral aspect of the thigh. We hope to describe the appearance of the sciatic nerve and its location in relation to adjacent anatomic structures using this modified approach.
This a prospective cross-sectional study of 40 pediatric subjects 11-17 years of age. Three ultrasound images of the sciatic nerve will be obtained via the lateral mid-thigh approach in 40 pediatric patients scheduled to undergo sciatic nerve block - the first image prior to placement of the block, the second after the nerve is located by the stimulating needle and the third after the injection of local anesthetic.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
Sciatic Nerve AH
Observation of the Sciatic Nerve
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00663715
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.
Disease or damage involving the SCIATIC NERVE, which divides into the PERONEAL NERVE and TIBIAL NERVE (see also PERONEAL NEUROPATHIES and TIBIAL NEUROPATHY). Clinical manifestations may include SCIATICA or pain localized to the hip, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of posterior thigh muscles and muscles innervated by the peroneal and tibial nerves, and sensory loss involving the lateral and posterior thigh, posterior and lateral leg, and sole of the foot. The sciatic nerve may be affected by trauma; ISCHEMIA; COLLAGEN DISEASES; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1363)
The lateral of the two terminal branches of the sciatic nerve. The peroneal (or fibular) nerve provides motor and sensory innervation to parts of the leg and foot.
The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.
A condition characterized by pain radiating from the back into the buttock and posterior/lateral aspects of the leg. Sciatica may be a manifestation of SCIATIC NEUROPATHY; RADICULOPATHY (involving the SPINAL NERVE ROOTS; L4, L5, S1, or S2, often associated with INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT); or lesions of the CAUDA EQUINA.
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