Protocol for Evaluation of Quarter-Time Cardiac Imaging: 5-Minutes Rest and 3-Minutes Stress Wide Beam Reconstruction (WBR) Versus Full-Time Filtered Back Projection (FBP)
A new, innovative software image processing method, wide beam reconstruction (WBR), utilizes resolution recovery and incorporates Poisson noise-reduction into the reconstruction process of NM images. This method facilitates the reconstruction of low count density myocardial perfusion SPECT images. Preliminary research indicates that SPECT acquisition time consequently can be reduced by 60% (less than 5 minutes) for rest and by 75% (just over 3 minutes) for stress, while tomographic image quality is maintained, or even improved. Such a decrease in image acquisition time decreases patient discomfort during the tomographic acquisition, decreases the opportunity for patient motion, and improves laboratory efficiency.
Standard full-time SPECT will be processed using FBP and compared to 3-minute stress and 5-minute rest scans processed with WBR. The following scan parameters will be evaluated: image quality; perfusion defect extent, severity, and reversibility; transient ischemic dilatation; left ventricular end-diastolic volume; left ventricular end-systolic volume; left ventricular ejection fraction; and regional wall motion and wall thickening abnormalities. These parameters will be assessed visually by experienced Nuclear physicians (at least 2 blinded readers) and quantitatively using several different commercially available software programs.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Retrospective
quarter-time stress scans reconstructed by WBR (4SPS) - Xpress3.Cardiac, quarter-time rest scans reconstructed by WBR (6/8/10 SPS) - Xpress3.Cardiac
St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00661752
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Cardiac Output, Low
A state of subnormal or depressed cardiac output at rest or during stress. It is a characteristic of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, including congenital, valvular, rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary, and cardiomyopathic. The serious form of low cardiac output is characterized by marked reduction in STROKE VOLUME, and systemic vasoconstriction resulting in cold, pale, and sometimes cyanotic extremities.
Cardiac Output, High
A state of elevated cardiac output due to conditions of either increased hemodynamic demand or reduced cardiac oxygen output. These conditions may include ANEMIA; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; THYROTOXICOSIS; PREGNANCY; EXERCISE; FEVER; and ANOXIA. In time, compensatory changes of the heart can lead to pathological form of high cardiac output and eventual HEART FAILURE.
Stress Disorders, Post-traumatic
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Endoscopic surgical procedures performed with visualization via video transmission. When real-time video is combined interactively with prior CT scans or MRI images, this is called image-guided surgery (see SURGERY, COMPUTER-ASSISTED).
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