Whole Blood-plasma-oral Fluid Ratios of Psychoactive Drugs and Medicines
The aim of this study is to get new information on the whole blood-plasma-oral fluid ratios of psychoactive drugs which are encountered in traffic.
Samples are taken from drivers suspected of being under the influence of drugs or medicines. The samples are analysed with immunological methods and GC-MS.
Observations from Police and a physician on impairment are combined with the results of the different bodily fluids. Observational evaluations and substance concentrations are compared.
Observational Model: Case Control
Driving Under the Influence
National Public Health Institute
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00650130
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.
The purpose of the validation study is to develop a valid test battery for assessing driving ability in a driving simulator when influenced by drugs. Ethanol has known, well-documented and...
The goal of the study is to assess the role of cholinesterase inhibitors in affecting the driving ability of cognitively intact seniors using driving simulators. We hypothesize that the us...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a program designed to reduce teen crashes and risky driving by increasing parental monitoring and restriction of their adolesc...
The aim of this study is to calibrate the STISIM driving simulator under influence of three different dosages of ethanol (0.05%, 0.08% and 0.11% BAC). The levels of performance decrement f...
The proposed study will validate and determine sensitivity of our new driving simulator, created to evaluate driving ability in a related study to show similar driving performance between...
Background: The study was undertaken to assess the relative contributions of genetic and environmental influences on drunk-driving. Methods: Driving records of a cohort of male and female twins (N = 1...
Objective: The purposes of this study were to analyze the effects of fatigue driving and drunk driving on drivers' physical characteristics; to analyze the differences in drivers' physical characteris...
A brief overview of a variety of physical disabilities categorized as brain injured and non-brain injured are presented as they relate to independent driving. Adaptive driving aids, and driving system...
Background: Driving while intoxicated or under the influence (DUI; for the purposes of this paper, we use the following terms synonymously: driving under the influence, driving while intoxicated, and...
The objective of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework for delineating the basic skills necessary for driving. It begins with a summary of existing theories of driving behavior. Next, it des...