Advertisement

Topics

Girls in Transition Study: Helping Girls Enter the Teenage Years

2014-08-27 03:31:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a pilot study of the Girls in Transition (GT) program, an intervention designed to promote resilience and reduce gender-related risk factors for depression. The goal of the study is to gather preliminary data on the effects of the GT program.

Description

Gender differences in rates of depression emerge during adolescence. Although rates of depression increase for both boys and girls during adolescence, the increase is more dramatic for girls. By late adolescence, girls are twice as likely as boys to develop depression. Because the transition to adolescence has been identified as a period of increased risk for girls, preventive interventions targeting early adolescent girls may promote resilience and prevent depression. The Girls in Transition (GT) program is a group intervention for 6th through 8th grade girls and is designed to address risk factors that are specific to girls. This study evaluates the effectiveness of the GT intervention in promoting coping strategies, preventing symptoms of depression and anxiety, and providing benefits in other outcomes related to depression, such as self-image.

Adolescents in this study will be assigned to one of two conditions: a group that will participate in the GT program in Spring 2006 (GT #1), or a waitlist control group that will participate in the GT program approximately two years later (GT #2). Students who participate in the program will attend eleven 90-minute after-school sessions led by the investigators. In the GT program, students learn cognitive-behavioral skills (such as strategies to cope with emotions and negative thinking) and problem-solving skills (such as assertiveness), and they discuss societal messages about women's appearance and roles. Adolescent participants will complete questionnaires about coping strategies, self-image, and feelings of hopelessness, depression and anxiety at five points during the study: at the beginning of the study (baseline) and at follow-ups approximately 6, 12, 16, and 24 months after baseline. In addition, students will complete an interview at baseline and then again 12 months later about experiences in which they have coped with stressful situations. Parents will complete a questionnaire about their child's life events at three assessment points (baseline and at follow-ups approximately 12 and 24 months after baseline).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Depression

Intervention

Girls in Transition (GT) program, Waitlist Control

Location

Swarthmore College
Swarthmore
Pennsylvania
United States
19081

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Swarthmore College

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:31:59-0400

Clinical Trials [2047 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Middle School to High School Transition Project: Depression and Substance Abuse Prevention

This study will implement a school-based program to prevent depression, academic failure, and substance use in at-risk adolescents transitioning from middle school to high school.

R4Power: An Online Resilience Program for Adolescents

The study will evaluate the R4Power program, an online intervention designed to teach adolescents coping and problem-solving skills.

Violence Prevention for Adolescent Girls With Prior Maltreatment

The purpose of the study is to adapt and test an evidence-based trauma treatment program for adolescent girls with histories of child maltreatment. The study adapts the CBITS (Cognitive Be...

JUEGA: A Fun Study for Hispanic/Latino Adolescent Girls

The purpose of this study is to have girls play new computer games designed for middle school children and not yet available to the public. The investigator wants to know what girls think ...

Osteoporosis Prevention in Preadolescent Girls

This study will test an osteoporosis prevention program aimed at preadolescent girls between the ages of 10 and 12 who have not yet started their menstrual periods. Girls in this age group...

PubMed Articles [18391 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Cognition-Emotion Interaction as a Predictor of Adolescent Depressive Symptoms.

Given the sharp increase in rates of depression during adolescence, especially in girls, it is important to identify which youth are at greatest risk across this critical developmental transition. Dur...

An Online Drug Abuse Prevention Program for Adolescent Girls: Posttest and 1-Year Outcomes.

Early adolescent girls' rates of drug use have matched, and in some instances, surpassed boys' rates. Though girls and boys share risk factors for drug use, girls also have gender-specific risks. Tail...

Psychological Benefits of Yoga for Female Inmates.

Female inmates involved in the Yoga Prison Project at two correctional facilities in South Carolina served as subjects. Inmates were selected from those who applied to participate in a ten-week trauma...

Influences of prenatal and postnatal maternal depression on amygdala volume and microstructure in young children.

Maternal depressive symptoms influence neurodevelopment in the offspring. Such effects may appear to be gender-dependent. The present study examined contributions of prenatal and postnatal maternal de...

Efficacy and acceptability of interpersonal psychotherapy for depression in adolescents: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

In this study, we evaluate the efficacy and safety of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for adolescents with depression. We searched our existing database and electronic databases, including PubMed, C...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.

Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)

A component of the Executive Office of the President established by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. The Office establishes policies, priorities, and objectives for national DRUG AND NARCOTIC CONTROL. The goals of the program are to reduce illicit drug use, manufacturing, and trafficking, drug-related crime and violence, and drug-related health consequences.

Phenotypic changes of EPITHELIAL CELLS to MESENCHYME type, which increase cell mobility critical in many developmental processes such as NEURAL TUBE development. NEOPLASM METASTASIS and DISEASE PROGRESSION may also induce this transition.

Health care provided during a transition to a different mode of care (e.g., TRANSITION TO ADULT CARE).

More From BioPortfolio on "Girls in Transition Study: Helping Girls Enter the Teenage Years"

Quick Search
Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Bipolar Disorders
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Over half of Bipolar cases develops before the age of 25. Bipolar ...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...


Searches Linking to this Trial