Evaluation of the DPP HIV 1/2 Test and the HIV 1/2 Stat Pak Test Using Oral Fluid
This protocol is intended to test the feasibility of using the HIV 1/2 STAT-PAK and the DPP HIV 1/2 test (with and without the DPP Handheld Reader) to detect HIV antibodies in oral fluids.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using fresh oral fluid specimens, from known HIV-positive individuals, to test for HIV-1 antibodies using both the DPP HIV 1/2 and HIV 1/2 STAT-PAK tests. Two oral fluid collection devices will be used and compared (MPC and Chembio collection devices) and the results obtained from oral fluids will be compared with those obtained from whole blood and plasma using paired samples from the same participants. The comparison between oral fluid, whole blood and plasma will be made in both Chembio devices (HIV 1/2 STAT-PAK and DPP HIV 1/2).
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Evelyn Jordan Center, University of Maryland
Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc.
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00636220
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
Central Nervous System Infections
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
Infections with viruses of the order MONONEGAVIRALES. The concept includes FILOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
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