Myofascial Pain:Acupuncture Versus Trigger Point Injection Combined With Dipyrone and Cyclobenzaprine
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Myofascial syndrome is the most frequent condition of chronic pain. The objective of the present study was to compare the analgesic action of acupuncture and trigger point injection combined with cyclobenzaprine and dipyrone.
DESIGN AND SETTING: A randomized study was performed at the Pain Clinic. METHODS: Thirty patients were divided into two groups: G1 received trigger point injection of 0.25% bupivacaine (1 ml/point) twice a week, 10 mg/day cyclobenzaprine and 500 mg dipyrone every 8 h. G2 was submitted to classical and trigger point acupuncture twice a week. The patients were asked to continue physical exercise. The following parameters were evaluated: pain intensity rated on a numerical and verbal scale, quality of life before and four weeks after treatment, and quality of analgesia.
Among the 39 patients selected, nine (3 in group 1 and 6 in group 2) were excluded from the study because they did not attend the visits scheduled for the procedures and assessment or because they did not respond to the questionnaires.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Myofascial Pain Syndromes
bupivacaine and acupuncture
Pain Setor of Federal University of Sao Paulo
Federal University of São Paulo
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00635037
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on trigger points, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.
Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.
Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.
Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)
A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.