Low-Dose Risperidone Treatment for Subjects Suffering From Borderline Personality Disorder
Personality disorders are life-long maladaptive behavioral patterns. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the leading personality disorder encountered in clinical settings, often associated with tremendous distress. It is characterized by impulsivity, emotional lability, unstable interpersonal relationships, with particular sensitivity to abandonment. BPD patients are prone to self destructive behaviors and all too frequently attempt suicide. When in emotional turmoil, persons with BPD may also develop brief, transient psychotic states.
Psychotherapy for BPD is a common treatment option, but it requires considerable time and specific personnel training, and is therefore not always feasible. Medical treatment is an efficacious alternative, however there is no concensus on drug selection. Some experts have suggested that medical treatment should be selected individually according to the subject's dominant clinical symptom. Several psychopharmacological groups have been proposed: Antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and several novel antipsychotic drugs. The latter are particularly promising since they may produce symptomaic improvement with fewer adverse effects. Risperidone has been shown in a few preliminary studies to be promising in the treatment of various BPD symptoms, but no controlled study has tested it yet. We propose to test the efficacy of risperidone in the treatment of BPD in a double-blind crossover design using both clinical and phsysiological measure.The main hypothesis is that risperidone will be efficient in alleviating BPD core and secondary symptoms.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Borderlone Personality Disorder
Psychiatric Service, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00633802
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A dissociative disorder in which the individual adopts two or more distinct personalities. Each personality is a fully integrated and complex unit with memories, behavior patterns and social friendships. Transition from one personality to another is sudden.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A personality disorder characterized by the avoidance of accepting deserved blame and an unwarranted view of others as malevolent. The latter is expressed as suspiciousness, hypersensitivity, and mistrust.
A personality disorder characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.
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