Comparison of Two Type of Laryngeal Mask : I-Gel & LMA ProSeal
The i-gel is a new supra glottic airway device with a non inflatable cuff and an oesophageal vent. The aim of this study is to compare this device to the LMA ProSeal. The study is approved by the institutional ethic committee. 222 patients will be enrolled in each group. The objectives of the study will be to compare insertion success rate, leak pressure, ventilatory parameters and adverse event rate.
Supraglottic airway devices are now widely used for surgery requiring general anesthesia. Airway devices are safe and their morbidity rate is very low. The i-gel (Intersurgical Ltd, Wokingham, Berkshire, UK) is a new single-use non-inflatable supraglottic airway device that has not been evaluated in a comparative study.
The aim of this study is to compare i-gel with the LMA ProSeal in a randomized study. Anesthesia protocol is standardized. The supraglottic devices are compared in term of insertion success rate, leak pressure, ventilatory parameters and adverse events. The aim is to demonstrate an enhancement in term of insertion success rate and a diminution of the adverse events. Statistical analysis will used percentage, confidence interval and chi 2 or Fischer's exact test for qualitative data. Quantitative data will be analyzed in mean, standard deviation. Comparison will be made with a student t test or a wilcoxon test. P < 0,05 is statistically significant.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Laryngeal mask insertion (LMA ProSeal), Laryngeal mask insertion (I-Gel)
Uniersity Hospital, Bordeaux
University Hospital, Bordeaux
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00624403
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
Cancers or tumors of the LARYNX or any of its parts: the GLOTTIS; EPIGLOTTIS; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; LARYNGEAL MUSCLES; and VOCAL CORDS.
Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve
Branches of the vagus (tenth cranial) nerve. The recurrent laryngeal nerves originate more caudally than the superior laryngeal nerves and follow different paths on the right and left sides. They carry efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid and carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues of any part of the LARYNX, commonly associated with laryngeal injuries and allergic reactions.
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