Moderate Mitral Regurgitation in CABG Patients
The presence of a mild to moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) results in a significantly reduced long-term survival and increased hospitalizations for heart-failure. The benefit of adding mitral valve surgery to coronary artery by-pass surgery (CABG) is well documented in the combination of coronary artery disease and severe MR. On the other hand, it is clinical practice to refrain from repairing the mitral valve in those CABG cases where the IMR is mild to moderate. However, there are no conclusive data available to support this principle. The existing studies are small, retrospective, and the results contradictive. The need for a prospective randomized trial has frequently been proposed and discussed, however, to the best of our knowledge, such a study has not yet commenced.
The Moderate Mitral Regurgitation In Patients Undergoing CABG (MoMIC) Trial is the first international multi-center, large-scale study to clarify whether moderate IMR in CABG patients should be corrected. A total of 550 CABG patients with moderate IMR are to be randomized to either CABG alone or CABG plus mitral valve correction.
If correction of moderate MR in CABG patients is the superior strategy, this should be offered to all patients in this entity.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Moderate Mitral Regurgitation
CABG alone, CABG + Mitral repair
Dep. of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby,
University of Aarhus
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00613548
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.
Mitral Valve Annuloplasty
A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.
Mitral Valve Stenosis
Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.
A condition characterized by a combination of OSTIUM SECUNDUM ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT and an acquired MITRAL VALVE STENOSIS.
The purpose of this study is to assess whether adding mitral valve repair to coronary artery bypass grafting improves outcome in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation.
People with coronary artery disease (CAD) or people who have had a heart attack may develop a leak in the mitral valve of their heart and may therefore need to undergo surgery to fix the v...
Mitral valve repair for ischemic mitral regurgitation is performed primarily by annuloplasty. There is some degree of late failure, which may be due in part to the type of ring employed. W...
Background: - To evaluate the outcomes of mitral valve repair or replacement in patients with severe mitral valve leakage (regurgitation), researchers at the National Institutes of Health...
Prospective, multi-center, Phase I study of the Evalve Cardiovascular Valve Repair System (CVRS) in the treatment of mitral valve regurgitation. Patients will undergo 30-day, 6 month, 12...
Comparisons of mitral valve repair with mitral valve replacement for ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) have been limited by differences in preoperative and operative characteristics of patients unde...
Non-infective mitral valve diverticulum is extremely rare. We present a case of intraoperatively diagnosed mitral valve diverticulum of a 69-year-old man presenting with mitral regurgitation who was s...
We report transventricular mitral valve operations in 2 patients with severe mitral regurgitation and postinfarction left ventricular rupture and pseudoaneurysm. The first patient had direct papillary...
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risk factors for operative mortality in 1 098 cases of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedures. METHODS: A total of 1 098 cases of CABG including 113 cases of left...
Congenital mitral regurgitation is rare and usually part of complex cardiac anomalies. When needed, early surgery represents a great challenge. In small babies avoiding valve replacement is desirable,...