Propofol's Hypnotic and Memory Effects
The purpose of this study is to relate changes in the blood flow in your brain which are measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to temporary changes in your memory and level of sleepiness while receiving the drug propofol, which is commonly used to induce relaxation or sleepiness for minor surgical procedures. This study will help provide us information which will be useful in understanding which parts of the brain are influenced by these drugs to affect memory and sleepiness.
We wish to seek evidence of a neuroanatomical basis for the separation of the sedative/hypnotic and amnesic effects of propofol by imaging electrophysiologic and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes to identify these. Our main hypothesis is that there are differing neuroanatomical regions mediating drug-induced sedation and amnesia, and that these can be identified by specific changes in electrophysiology and rCBF. Electrophysiologic changes will be mapped using a validated electroencephalographic (EEG) mapping technique, Low Resolution brain Electromagnetic Tomography (LORETA). (1) Changes in brain activity will be identified with high spatial resolution using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and statistical parametric mapping (SPM). (2) To identify key regions out of possibly many exhibiting changes in brain activity during propofol administration, we plan to manipulate drug-induced sedation by using thiopental, a sedative drug with few memory effects active at the same receptors as propofol.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
Placebo solution, propofol
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Active, not recruiting
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00576615
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Saline Solution, Hypertonic
Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.
Glucose Solution, Hypertonic
Solution that is usually 10 percent glucose but may be higher. An isotonic solution of glucose is 5 percent.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
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