Acute Kidney Injury in Neonates

05:37 EST 27th November 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Our first aim is to describe how common a sudden decrease in renal function happens in infants in a neonatal intensive care unit. We also want to see how a sudden loss of renal function affects survival. Finally, we will explore non-invasive markers to identify a sudden decrease in renal function from urinary samples.

Description

Advancements in the field of peri-natal medicine has improved the survival of critically ill neonates but yet many still do not survive, and many more are left with long-term damage to vital organ systems. Very little data is available on the impact that acute kidney injury (AKI) has on survival in term neonates, but adult and pediatric studies that show that even mild AKI independently impacts survival after correcting for severity of illness. The role that AKI impacts survival in neonates is likely to be greater than adults as this acute injury occurs in context of impaired and ongoing kidney development.

Our ability to improve outcomes in children and adults with AKI has been hampered by the inability to recognize AKI early in the disease process. Thus, the work on early non-invasive biomarkers of renal injury has brought great optimism to the field of AKI. Serum and urinary levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), urinary interleukin 18 (IL-18) others are markedly elevated several hours after AKI as opposed to serum creatinine which takes days to rise after the inciting event. Early non-invasive biomarkers of AKI have not been tested in neonates.

Inclusion criteria - Families of infants (birthweight >1500g) be asked to participate in the study.

Exclusion criteria - Infants with prenatal renal ultrasound diagnosis of severe hydronephrosis or other known renal abnormalities will be excluded

Study Design

Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Acute Kidney Injury

Location

University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35233

Status

Withdrawn

Source

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Clinical Trials [1086 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Rasburicase to Prevent Acute Kidney Injury Following Cardiac Surgery

Acute kidney injury is associated with a rise in serum uric acid during cardiovascular surgery and can cause poor blood flow to the kidneys making them vulnerable to kidney injury. We hypo...

A Study of THR-184 in Patients at Risk of Developing Cardiac Surgery Associated-Acute Kidney Injury (CSA-AKI)

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Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin: Biomarker of Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Surgery

The following objectives were used for comparison: 1)primary objective: Evaluate the urinary excretion of NGAL as a marker of early development of acute kidney injury in patients undergoin...

Deferiprone for the Prevention of Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury

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PubMed Articles [12482 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Acute Kidney Injury During Pregnancy.

Acute kidney injury complicates the care of a relatively small number of pregnant and postpartum women. Several pregnancy-related disorders such as preeclampsia and thrombotic microangiopathies may pr...

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The main objective of this study was to investigate the risk factors and clinical treatment of craniocerebral injury concurrent with acute kidney injury. A total of 220 patients who suffered from cran...

Fractional excretion of potassium in the course of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients: potential monitoring tool?

Objective: To evaluate the behavior of fractional excretion of potassium in the course of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients. Methods: As part of a larger study in which we have evaluated ...

Antibiotics induced acute kidney injury: incidence, risk factors, onset time and outcome.

Drug induced acute kidney injury (AKI) has been implicated in 8% to 60% of all cases of in-hospital AKI and as such is a recognized source of significant morbidity and mortality. Evaluation of inciden...

Perioperative Aspirin and Clonidine and Risk of Acute Kidney Injury: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Acute kidney injury, a common complication of surgery, is associated with poor outcomes and high health care costs. Some studies suggest aspirin or clonidine administered during the perioperative peri...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.

Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

A severe stage of acute renal insufficiency, characterized by the sudden decrease in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min, sometime to less than 1 to 2 ml per min. It is usually associated with OLIGURIA; EDEMA; and increase in BLOOD UREA NITROGEN and serum CREATININE concentrations.

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