Gabapentin for Postoperative Pain Management After Cardiac Surgery With Median Sternotomy

03:32 EDT 23rd August 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In this study we will focus on the postoperative recovery. A successful postoperative recovery should bring the patient to at least to the pre-surgical level. This can probably be achieved by a multimodal approach where at least postoperative pain and PONV are managed.

The surgical injury results in immobilisation which again can result in impaired cardiac, respiratory and musculoskeletal system. Pain relief is a prerequisite for mobilisation and an early return to the pre-surgical level. The preferred drugs for postoperative pain management are opioids. Although opioids are known to be an effective analgesia, they have a series of side effects: nausea, vomiting, constipation, respiratory deficiency, delirium among others.

Gabapentin has been tested for post operative pain. Randomized Clinical Trials have reported a significant better pain scores with Gabapentin in several studies -most of them restricted to the postoperative period in the post-anaesthesia care unit in many different kind of surgeries.

We want to test if Gabapentin can be used instead of opioids for treatment of postoperative pain after heart surgery by median sternotomy.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pain, Postoperative

Intervention

Gabapentin group

Location

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Department, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby
Aarhus
Denmark
8200

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Aarhus

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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PubMed Articles [14425 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Gabapentin in Acute Postoperative Pain Management.

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Study Design. Prospective, double blind study, randomized control trial.Objective. To evaluate and compare the analgesic efficacy, adverse effects, and clinical utility of gabapentin and pregabalin in...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).

Pain during the period after surgery.

A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.

Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.

Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).

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