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In this study we will focus on the postoperative recovery. A successful postoperative recovery should bring the patient to at least to the pre-surgical level. This can probably be achieved by a multimodal approach where at least postoperative pain and PONV are managed.
The surgical injury results in immobilisation which again can result in impaired cardiac, respiratory and musculoskeletal system. Pain relief is a prerequisite for mobilisation and an early return to the pre-surgical level. The preferred drugs for postoperative pain management are opioids. Although opioids are known to be an effective analgesia, they have a series of side effects: nausea, vomiting, constipation, respiratory deficiency, delirium among others.
Gabapentin has been tested for post operative pain. Randomized Clinical Trials have reported a significant better pain scores with Gabapentin in several studies -most of them restricted to the postoperative period in the post-anaesthesia care unit in many different kind of surgeries.
We want to test if Gabapentin can be used instead of opioids for treatment of postoperative pain after heart surgery by median sternotomy.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Department, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby
University of Aarhus
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T09:19:38-0400
The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the drug gabapentin (Neurontin®) for its ability to reduce postoperative pain, the need for morphine-like pain medication, and the sever...
The specific aims of this research study are to use 600 mg gabapentin as an adjunctive treatment for acute postoperative pain control in order to reduce postoperative morphine consumption ...
Total knee and hip arthroplasty are amongst the most painful procedures postoperatively, and pain management can be a challenge. Different measures have been introduced to manage severe p...
The study is to observe the effects of gabapentin premedication on postoperative pain,vomiting and nausea in patients undergoing neurosurgery. 100 neurosurgical patients are randomized int...
This will be a double blind, placebo-controlled study of patients ≥45 years of age undergoing surgery of the spine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Medical Center. ...
Gabapentin has shown acute postoperative analgesic effects, but the optimal dose and procedure-specific benefits vs. harm have not been clarified. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled,...
Gabapentin reduces behavioral signs of stimulus-evoked allodynia and hyperalgesia in preclinical studies of traumatic nerve injury, but its effects on more clinically relevant measures of stimulus-ind...
Patients with knee osteoarthritis demonstrate decreased pressure pain thresholds (PPTs), facilitated temporal summation (TS) of pain, and decreased conditioned pain modulation (CPM) compared with heal...
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for the development of postoperative pain following total hip arthroplasty, particularly those connected with psychological distress ...
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).
Pain during the period after surgery.
A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.
Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.
Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
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An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...