Alemtuzumab and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage I, Stage II, Stage III, or Stage IV Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as alemtuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from growing. Giving alemtuzumab together with combination chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of alemtuzumab when given together with combination chemotherapy and to see how well it works in treating patients with stage I , stage II , stage III, or stage IV peripheral T-cell lymphoma.
- To determine the feasibility of adding alemtuzumab to standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine, and oral prednisolone (CHOP) chemotherapy in patients with stage I-IV peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL).
- To assess the side effect profile and early and late toxicities of this regimen in a standard dose-escalation design, and to establish an appropriate dose level for future studies.
- To document response rates and disease-free survival of patients treated with this regimen, and to compare these findings with those of historical controls.
- To monitor immune reconstitution after therapy.
- To determine the pharmacokinetics of subcutaneous alemtuzumab when given in combination with CHOP chemotherapy.
- To more clearly define the CD52 expression profile in these tumors and to investigate phenotypic variations in PTCL.
- To document changes (if any) in levels of Epstein-Barr virus copy number by polymerase chain reaction during CHOP-alemtuzumab therapy.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose escalation of alemtuzumab study.
Patients receive CHOP chemotherapy comprising cyclophosphamide IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and vincristine IV on day 1 and oral prednisone on days 1-5. Patients also receive alemtuzumab subcutaneously (SC) 1-3 times a week for up to 6 doses per course. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients undergo blood collection at baseline, periodically during study treatment, and after completion of study therapy for pharmacokinetics and other correlative studies to monitor cellular immunity. Blood samples are examined by polymerase chain reaction to detect cytomegalovirus antigen and to monitor Epstein-Barr virus copy number. Samples are also analyzed by flow cytometry to quantify circulating B- and T-cells, NK-cells, monocytes, and dendritic-cells.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 3 months for the first year, every 6 months for the second year, and then yearly thereafter.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
alemtuzumab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, prednisolone, vincristine sulfate, polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry, laboratory biomarker analysis, pharmacological study
Leeds General Infirmary
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00562068
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Dna Polymerase Iii
A DNA-dependent DNA polymerase characterized in E. coli and other lower organisms but may be present in higher organisms. Use also for a more complex form of DNA polymerase III designated as DNA polymerase III* or pol III* which is 15 times more active biologically than DNA polymerase I in the synthesis of DNA. This polymerase has both 3'-5' and 5'-3' exonuclease activities, is inhibited by sulfhydryl reagents, and has the same template-primer dependence as pol II. EC 220.127.116.11.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 18.104.22.168.
Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 22.214.171.124.
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as etoposide, vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and prednisone, use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop gro...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, and prednisolone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the treatment of Alemtuzumab in combination with CHOP(cyclophosphamide,doxorubicin,vincristine and prednisolone) are effective as first li...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as prednisolone and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them fr...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which regimen of combination chemotherapy is mo...
Importance of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor prophylaxis in therapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone given every 14 days for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in routine clinical practice.
The incidence of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia is not higher in patients receiving dose-dense therapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone and adequate Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia pro
Although retreatment with alemtuzumab in relapsing B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may be beneficial, there has thus far been no thorough analysis available on this topic. Data were collecte...
Abstract The increase of fludarabine-resistant chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) presents a new treatment challenge. The aim of this review is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab for p...
Virotherapy is an emerging strategy for the treatment of cancer that utilizes both replication-competent and genetically modified viruses to selectively kill tumor cells. We have previously shown that...