Combined Photodynamic and Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment of Port Wine Stains
This research study was designed to determine the effect on port wine stains (PWS) of liposomal benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid (BPD-MA) termed verteporfin (distributed for medical indications as Visudyne by QLT, Inc., Vancouver, Canada) by intravenous (IV) infusion for photodynamic therapy (PDT) or combined PDT and pulsed dye laser (PDL) therapy (PDT + PDL). The standard treatment for PWS is PDL alone. This lightens some PWS but many lesions are not completely removed.
PDT uses a medication and light together to cause injury to a target. The medication is given and then light is directed at the desired area of treatment to achieve an effect. PDT has been used to treat some skin conditions including pre-cancers and skin cancers. Using PDT or PDT immediately followed by PDL therapy may improve PWS lightening. At this time, both PDT and PDT + PDL therapy for treatment of PWS is investigational. The type and amount of medication and light which may be used to treat PWS is not known, and is likely to be different than those used for other PDT treatments.
Procedures will be performed at the Surgery Laser Clinic at the Beckman Laser Institute at the University of California, Irvine.
At an initial visit, a brief history and physical will be performed.
The history will include: 1) previous treatment to my PWS; 2) current medications; 3) history of light sensitivity; 4) risk of pregnancy and use of birth control in a female of child-bearing age.
The physical will include: 1) measurement and evaluation of PWS; 2) measurement of blood pressure, blood cell count, general chemistries (including liver function tests) and ANA, which might indicate an increased sensitivity to light.
On the day of treatment, the same brief physical and history will be repeated. A urine pregnancy test will be performed on females of child-bearing age.
Four circular test sites of PWS will be selected. One test site will receive no treatment. The second test sites will be treated with the pulsed dye laser at standard setting and protective eyeglasses to shield the eyes during the laser treatment.
For two additional test spots, the photodynamic therapy (PDT) verteporfin will be administered intravenously over a 10-minute period. After receiving the verteporfin, the skin and eyes will be sensitive to light for the next 5 days. The light sensitive protection precautions will be instructed.
Optical Doppler Tomography unit (ODT) measurements, similar to shining a flash light to PWS and measuring the light response, which provide information about how blood is flowing through the PWS.
Photographs and light measurements will be taken during follow-up visits on day 1, day 3, and 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after the study treatment. At these visits blood may also be drawn to check for blood substances that promote blood vessel formation.
At the end of the study, blood tests will be drawn to assess cell count and general chemistries.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Port Wine Stains
Combine photodynamic therapy and pulsed dye laser treatment
Beckman Laser Medical Clinic,University
Enrolling by invitation
University of California, Irvine
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00556946
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A vascular malformation of developmental origin characterized pathologically by ectasia of superficial dermal capillaries, and clinically by persistent macular erythema. In the past, port wine stains have frequently been termed capillary hemangiomas, which they are not; unfortunately this confusing practice persists: HEMANGIOMA, CAPILLARY is neoplastic, a port-wine stain is non-neoplastic. Port-wine stains vary in color from fairly pale pink to deep red or purple and in size from a few millimeters to many centimeters in diameter. The face is the most frequently affected site and they are most often unilateral. (From Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 5th ed, p483)
Laser Therapy, Low-level
Treatment using irradiation with LASER light of low power intensity so that the effects are not due to heat, as in LASER THERAPY. These non-thermal effects are thought to be mediated by a photochemical reaction that alters CELL MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY, leading to increased mRNA synthesis and CELL PROLIFERATION. Low-level laser therapy has been used for a wide variety of conditions, but most frequently for wound healing and pain control.
The purified component of HEMATOPORPHYRIN DERIVATIVE, it consists of a mixture of oligomeric porphyrins. It is used in photodynamic therapy (HEMATOPORPHYRIN PHOTORADIATION); to treat malignant lesions with visible light and experimentally as an antiviral agent. It is the first drug to be approved in the use of PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY in the United States.
A technique utilizing a laser coupled to a catheter which is used in the dilatation of occluded blood vessels. This includes laser thermal angioplasty where the laser energy heats up a metal tip, and direct laser angioplasty where the laser energy directly ablates the occlusion. One form of the latter approach uses an EXCIMER LASER which creates microscopically precise cuts without thermal injury. When laser angioplasty is performed in combination with balloon angioplasty it is called laser-assisted balloon angioplasty (ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, LASER-ASSISTED).
A non-inherited congenital condition with vascular and neurological abnormalities. It is characterized by facial vascular nevi (PORT-WINE STAIN), and capillary angiomatosis of intracranial membranes (MENINGES; CHOROID). Neurological features include EPILEPSY; cognitive deficits; GLAUCOMA; and visual defects.
The purpose of the trial is to compare efficacy and adverse effects of pulsed dye laser and intense pulsed light in patients with port wine stains.
The purpose of this study is to improve port wine stain therapeutic outcome in response to laser therapy. The researchers want to determine whether the combined use of pulsed dye laser th...
The purpose of this research study is to improve port wine stain treatment in response to laser therapy.
The purpose of this study is to improve port wine stain (PWS) therapeutic outcome in response to pulsed dye laser (PDL) therapy by comparison of 577 nm versus 595 nm Wavelengths. Th...
Port wine stains (PWS) are red birthmarks that without treatment persist for a lifetime. They are frequently found on the face and can be conspicuous and disfiguring, negatively impacting...
Port-wine stains (PWS) are congenital, progressive vascular malformations of the dermis that are often disfiguring, particularly when located in a cosmetically relevant area. Thus, the successful clea...
Abstract Background: Intense pulsed light (IPL) systems have been used for the treatment of port-wine stains (PWS) for more than 10 years. Some of them have been reported in the treatment of laser-res...
Reflectance spectroscopy can be used to quantitate subtle differences in color. We applied a portable reflectance spectrometer to determine its utility in the evaluation of pulsed dye laser treatment...
The pulsed dye laser is an effective and established treatment for port-wine stains and has become the generally accepted standard of care. However, in many cases, complete clearance cannot be achieve...
During the last three decades, several laser systems, ancillary technologies, and treatment modalities have been developed for the treatment of port wine stains (PWSs). However, approximately half of...