The Effect of Calcium Supplementation on Insulin Resistance and 24h Blood Pressure
Increased levels of intracellular calcium are thought to diminish maximal cellular response to insulin and induce insulin resistance. Also, both hypertension and diabetes are thought to be conditions of altered intracellular ionic state. The aim of the present study is to investigate the possible effect of oral calcium supplementation on intracellular ions, insulin sensitivity, 24-h blood pressure and sodium/hydrogen exchanger activity in patients with type 2 diabetes and essential hypertension.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
tablets each containing of 1000mg elemental calcium (Mega-Calcium Sandoz)
AHEPA University Hospital
Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00549536
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.
Intracellular Calcium-sensing Proteins
Intracellular signaling peptides and proteins that bind to CALCIUM. They undergo allosteric changes when bound to CALCIUM that affects their interaction with other signal-transducing molecules. They differ from CALCIUM-SENSING RECEPTORS which sense extracellular calcium levels.
A class of G-protein-coupled receptors that react to varying extracellular CALCIUM levels. Calcium-sensing receptors in the PARATHYROID GLANDS play an important role in the maintenance of calcium HOMEOSTASIS by regulating the release of PARATHYROID HORMONE. They differ from INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM-SENSING PROTEINS which sense intracellular calcium levels.
Cation-transporting proteins that utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis for the transport of CALCIUM. They differ from CALCIUM CHANNELS which allow calcium to pass through a membrane without the use of energy.
Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.
The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of calcium absorption and metabolism in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) using calcium balance and kinetic methods.
This study will evaluate the effectiveness of taking supplemental calcium while pregnant in reducing the risk of postpartum depression.
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