RCT of Steroids Following Kasai Portoenterostomy for Biliary Atresia.
Biliary atresia is a congenital disorder of bile duct development or destruction of established but immature bile ducts. The study tests the hypothesis that post-operative steroids improve outcome following the Kasai procedure - the commonest surgical treatment.
Biliary atresia is a potentially fatal condition of infants presenting as persisting jaundice in the first few weeks of life. The disease is characterised by obstruction and damage to the intra and extrahepatic parts of the biliary tree. Within the liver there is also a pronounced inflammatory response. The initial treatment is an attempt, by surgery, to restore bile flow by excising the obliterated extrahepatic bile ducts and joining part of the intestine to the bile "root" of the liver (the porta hepatis). This is known as the Kasai procedure. This is successful in ~50% of cases in reducing the level of jaundice to near-normal values. The use of steroids post-operatively has been suggested as improving outcome by diminishing the inflammatory response.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Kings College Hospital
Enrolling by invitation
King's College Hospital NHS Trust
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00539565
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic BILE DUCTS, resulting in the complete obstruction of BILE flow. Usually, biliary atresia is found in infants and accounts for one third of the neonatal cholestatic JAUNDICE.
Operation for biliary atresia by anastomosis of the bile ducts into the jejunum or duodenum.
Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.
Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.
Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
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