Safety of a Single Dose of 5 mg of hLF1-11 Given to Autologous Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients
The safety and tolerability of hLF 1-11 has to be established first in HSCT recipients who are at risk of developing, but have not yet developed, infectious complications due to invasive fungal disease. These patients are different from healthy volunteers because they have received myeloablative treatment which not only arrests haematopoiesis resulting in neutropenia but also induces mucosal barrier injury both of which predispose to infections which typically occur during the week after transplant. It is therefore essential to know that hLF 1-11 is when given during neutropenia and mucosal barrier injury before infections ensue
Human lactoferrin (hLF) is a glycoprotein containing 692 amino acids and found in the saliva, milk, tears, and other body fluids. Peptide representing the first cationic domain, i.e. a peptide comprising the first eleven residues of hLF (further referred to as hLF1-11) was significantly more effective than the full length hLF or the peptide representing the second cationic domain in killing a variety of bacteria in vivo. The mechanism of action comprises a number of independent factors. The classical way to explain the efficacy is the direct killing effect, which typically is observed in vitro at relatively high concentrations. The results of in vitro and in vivo experiments suggest that the mechanism of action is predominantly through the intermediary of cells and/or components of the host as opposed to a direct interaction with the pathogen.
The objective is to develop hLF1-11 as an effective and safe antibacterial and antifungal for the treatment of fungal and bacterial infections that develop during the neutropenia that results from myeloablative therapy to prepare for a haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) formerly referred to as bone marrow transplant. Rates of infection and related morbidity are high in this population making it an attractive target for testing clinically the proof-of-principle that hLF1-11 can provided effective treatment. Subsequently, hLF1-11 will be developed further as a systemic antifungal agent.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
human lactoferrin peptide 1-11
UMC St. Radboud
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00509938
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.
Bone Marrow Transplantation
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization
The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.
Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Transplantation of STEM CELLS collected from the fetal blood remaining in the UMBILICAL CORD and the PLACENTA after delivery. Included are the HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.
Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.
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