Evaluating a Web-Based Educational Program for Adults at Risk for Coronary Heart Disease (The Heart to Heart Feasibility Study)
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, but fewer than half of all individuals at risk for CHD take advantage of proven strategies to lower their chances of developing this disease. This study will assess the effectiveness of Heart to Heart, a Web-based program, at educating people on ways to incorporate CHD risk-reduction strategies into their lives.
CHD affects 13 million people in the United States. It is the leading cause of death in this country, and each year more than half a million Americans die from this disease. People who take steps to lower their cholesterol and blood pressure levels, lose weight, and stop smoking may be less likely to develop CHD. However, fewer than half of all individuals at risk for developing CHD follow these suggestions. Involving patients in the decision-making process regarding their medical care may improve their adherence to effective CHD prevention strategies. The goal of the Heart to Heart program is to provide information about CHD risk factors and encourage people to incorporate the appropriate risk-reduction measures into their lives. The purposes of this pilot study are to evaluate the ability of study researchers to recruit individuals with a moderate to high risk of CHD to participate in the study; to conduct a four-part CHD intervention (Heart to Heart) in a busy medical practice setting; and to measure participants' decision-making plans, self-reported adherence to medications, and changes in overall CHD risk factors. The results from this study will be used to guide future clinical trials.
This study will enroll patients being treated at the General Internal Medicine Clinic at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill who have a moderate to high risk of developing CHD. At an initial study visit, participants will complete questionnaires that assess CHD risk-reduction strategies, smoking status, and aspirin use. Blood pressure and cholesterol levels will also be measured. Participants will then be randomly assigned to either participate in the Heart to Heart intervention or receive usual care. Participants in the intervention group will access Heart to Heart, a Web site designed to educate them about their overall CHD risk, specific risk factors, and strategies and preferences for risk reduction. A Web-based coaching tool will encourage participants to talk with their doctor about risk-reduction choices. Participants will also receive brief adherence messages via the Web site 2, 4, and 6 weeks following their initial study visit. The messages will be designed to help participants adhere to their decisions. All participants will attend a study visit at Month 3 for repeat baseline testing. Following this visit, participants will receive a letter that includes their test results and their recalculated CHD risk. Participants may be contacted to take part in a focus group following the completion of the study.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Heart to Heart (Web-Based Decision Aid), Physician Education Session
University of North Carolina
Active, not recruiting
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00494052
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Heart Septal Defects, Atrial
Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.
Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-pump
Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).
The heart of the fetus of any viviparous animal. It refers to the heart in the postembryonic period and is differentiated from the embryonic heart (HEART/embryology) only on the basis of time.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
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