Efficacy of Ramelteon on Insomnia Symptoms Associated With Jet Lag in Healthy Adult Volunteers
The purpose of this study to determine the degree to which ramelteon, once daily (QD), can reduce the insomnia symptoms associated with rapid, eastward travel across 5 time zones.
Circadian dysrhythmia, or jet lag, is defined as multiple biologic and psychologic stresses created by rapid travel across multiple time zones. As more people are transported by jet aircraft, the issue of jet lag becomes more important. What was an inconvenience during travel for leisure is now a physiologic consequence for the travelers and crew.
Jet lag is composed of a variety of unpleasant symptoms that vary with the number of time zones crossed, the individual, and even the direction flown (east versus west). The most typical symptoms include daytime sleepiness, fatigue, impaired alertness, and trouble initiating and maintaining sleep. Other symptoms of circadian dysrhythmia are insomnia, gastrointestinal complaints, apathy, weakness, irritability, malaise, and loss of appetite. Travel across time zones also has been associated with diabetic ketoacidosis, depression, and impaired cognitive performance in individuals at risk. Decreased sport performance has been noted in several studies.
In addition to environmental and social cues, physical factors, such as age, hydration status, and illness, could adversely affect the ability to entrain (adjust) quickly. The stressors of flight, noise, vibration, decreased humidity, barometric pressure changes, and decreased partial pressure of oxygen all contribute to crew and travelers health at the destination.
Being out of synchronicity with the environment causes jet lag symptoms. Travel through time zones places the body in a situation when it must sleep when not tired and awaken when the internal cues are initiating sleep. The brain's internal clock is the suprachiasmatic nucleus within the hypothalamus the body is in a constant state of circadian adjustment to remain entrained to a given time zone. In addition to the subjective feeling of well being are measurable changes associated with daily patterns. For example, core body temperature changes throughout the day and decreases before falling asleep. Melatonin levels increase in the evening and night and recede during the day.
Ramelteon is a melatonin receptor 1 and melatonin receptor 2 agonist currently marketed in the US for the treatment of insomnia characterized by difficulty with sleep onset. Study participation is anticipated to be about 2 weeks.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Ramelteon, Ramelteon, Ramelteon, Placebo
Takeda Global Research & Development Center, Inc.
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00492011
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Period Circadian Proteins
Circadian rhythm signaling proteins that influence circadian clock by interacting with other circadian regulatory proteins and transporting them into the CELL NUCLEUS.
Biological mechanism that controls CIRCADIAN RHYTHM. Circadian clocks exist in the simplest form in cyanobacteria and as more complex systems in fungi, plants, and animals. In humans the system includes photoresponsive RETINAL GANGLION CELLS and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS that acts as the central oscillator.
Circadian Rhythm Signaling Peptides And Proteins
A broad category of proteins that regulate the CIRCADIAN RHYTHM of an organism. Included here are proteins that transmit intracellular and intercellular signals in a chronological manner along with proteins that sense light and time-dependent changes in the environment such as the PHOTOPERIOD.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
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