Effects From a Mandibular Repositioning Appliance in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring
The purpose of this study is to evaluate effects from a mandibular repositioning appliance on obstructive sleep apneas, symptoms, blood pressure and markers of stress, inflammation and cardiovascular health in patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome and in patients with symptomatic snoring.
Mandibular repositioning appliances for the treatment of snoring and sleep apneas are increasingly used over the world, although the number of prescriptions of this therapy varies between countries. The appliance widens the upper airways during sleep in order to reduce sleep-disordered breathing. The device is easy to use and has become popular among patients. Despite this, the evidence for effects of this treatment is not very strong and based on only a few studies. The aim of this study is therefore to test the hypothesis that a mandibular repositioning appliance reduces sleep apneas, daytime sleepiness and other sleep apnea symptoms and increases the quality of life in sleepy patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea and in patients with symptomatic snoring. Secondary outcomes include effects on headaches, blood pressure and markers of stress, inflammation, cardiovascular health and oxidative stress. At baseline and after 4 month's treatment, the patients will respond to questionnaires about symptoms and quality of life. They will undergo measurements of sleepiness, sleep apneas and blood pressure as well as sampling of saliva, urine and blood. Factors that predict a successful treatment outcome will be analyzed in order to more exactly clarify the indications for this treatment modality in a group of patients who have been suggested to benefit from mandibular repositioning appliances according to previous studies and reviews.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Mandibular repositioning appliance, adjustable
Depts of Respiratory Medicine and Orthodontics, Umeå University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00477009
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Sleep Apnea, Central
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Mandibular Prosthesis Implantation
Surgical insertion of an appliance for the replacement of areas of the mandible.
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
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