Optimizing IFN Beta - 1B Dose
BetaferonR is effective in reducing relapse rate and MRI T2-weighted lesion frequency in MS patients at the dose of 8 MIU on alternate days (THE IFNB MS Study Group, 1993). Relapse rate is reduced by 30-35% (The IFNB MS Study Group, 1993), MRI activity is decreased up to 100% in most cases (Stone et al 1995). In some patients, however, MRI activity still occurs or reappears during treatment (Stone et al 1995). MRI activity has been demonstrated to correlate with relapse occurrence (McFarland et al, 1992; Miller et al, 1996), and in some patients relapses still occur during IFN beta treatment. In other patients relapses may occur in association with the appearance, after 9-18 months of treatment, of anti-IFN beta NAB (The IFNB M S Study Group, 1995).
This protocol hypothesizes that the dose of 12 MIU BetaferonR on alternate days has more pronounced MRI and clinical effects in MS patients than that of 8 MIU. MS patients who do not respond to 8 MIU may take advantage of a higher dose. We, therefore decided to assess MRI effects after increasing the Betaferon dose (12 MIU) in RRMS patients showing a residual MRI activity (at least one new Gd enhancing lesion) during six months of standard Betaferon dose treatment (8 MIU).
Comparing the frequency of new Gd enhancing lesions in a group of patients presenting a residual MRI activity during the last four months of the six month standard dose (8MIU) Betaferon treatment randomized to continue the standard dose or to increase the dose to 12 MIU Betaferon
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Interferon Beta 1
University of Turin, Italy
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00473213
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive
A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
Interferon Type I
Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).
Receptor, Interferon Alpha-beta
A ubiquitously expressed heterodimeric receptor that is specific for both INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It is composed of two subunits referred to as IFNAR1 and IFNAR2. The IFNAR2 subunit is believed to serve as the ligand-binding chain; however both chains are required for signal transduction. The interferon alpha-beta receptor signals through the action of JANUS KINASES such as the TYK2 KINASE.
Interferon Regulatory Factor-1
An interferon regulatory factor that binds upstream TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATORY ELEMENTS in the GENES for INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA. It functions as a transcriptional activator for the INTERFERON TYPE I genes.
Interferon Regulatory Factor-7
An interferon regulatory factor that is induced by INTERFERONS as well as LMP-1 protein from EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS. IRF-7 undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION prior to nuclear translocation and it activates GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of multiple interferon GENES.
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