Clinical Trials About "Discovery Predicts Patient Sensitivity Important Drug Target Deadly" RSS

08:35 EDT 31st March 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Discovery Predicts Patient Sensitivity Important Drug Target Deadly" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 10,000+


Discovery Elbow Multi-Center Prospective Study

The purpose of this prospective clinical trial is to document the performance and clinical outcomes of Biomet Discovery Elbow.

A Prospective Evaluation of Contrast Sensitivity and Disability Glare in Refractive Surgery, a Sub-Study of: Initial Evaluation of Excimer Laser Keratorefractive Surgery in U.S. Army Personnel (WU # 2335-99)

The purpose of this study is to conduct a prospective assessment of small target contrast sensitivity and disability glare in refractive surgery. Study subjects will undergo the treatment of their choice (PRK or LASIK) and will be evaluated before and after treatment. Evaluations will include best corrected visual acuity, uncorrected visual acuity, psychometric questionnaire, pupil size, biomicroscopic examination, manifest refraction, wavefront measurements, low contrast acui...

Effect of Dietary Polyphenols on Insulin Sensitivity

A large and growing segment of the population is prediabetic. Dietary interventions that improve insulin sensitivity may be important in preventing the progression to full-blown diabetes in these individuals. Foods and dietary compounds that increase insulin sensitivity are likely to help maintain a healthier body composition. This pilot study will provide data to evaluate the role of dietary plant polyphenols in improving insulin sensitivity.

A Clinical Investigation of the Discovery™ Elbow System

The purpose of this study is to perform a five-year, multi-center prospective evaluation of the Discovery™ Elbow System for outcome and durability. Relief of pain and restoration of function will determine long-term clinical outcome while durability will be measured by the absence of revisions.

Integrated Molecular Profiling in Advanced Cancers Trial

Substantial progress has been made in the treatment of cancer through the use of targeted therapies, but what works for one patient might not work for another patient. Certain drugs are now being developed that target specific molecules in the body that are believed to be part of the disease. Biomarkers are specific characteristics of the cancer that may help provide prognostic information (i.e. how well patients will be regardless of the treatments given) or help predi...

Efficacy and Safety of Imatinib in Scleroderma

In vitro studies have shown that imatinib 1mM inhibits strongly the growth of cutaneous fibroblasts. The hypothesis is that imatinib inhibits PDGFR which is known to be a potential target for the molecule, as recently also proposed after the discovery of autoantibodies activating the PDGF receptors. Recent data indicate that TGFb is also a potential target of imatinib. Cutaneous scleroderma is characterized by progressive cutaneous fibrosis caused by hyperactive dermal fibrobla...

Target-controlled Infusion Versus Patient-controlled Sedation With Propofol in Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

Propofol is a drug of choice for deep sedation in endoscopy. Propofol can be administered in many ways: by infusion or intravenous boluses and with self-administration device (patient-controlled sedation; PCS). It is not clear which method of propofol administration would be preferable. The main objective of the trial is to compare 2 different methods of propofol administration during ERCP: patient-controlled administration(PCS) and target-controlled infusion (TCI).

Nasal Irritation Study: Individual Factors in Nasal Irritant Sensitivity

This study seeks to document differences in nasal irritant sensitivity within the population. The investigators are interested in knowing whether age, gender, and allergy status (nasal allergies) predict nasal irritant sensitivity. This is important in understanding symptom reporting patterns in air pollution situations (particularly in so-called "problem buildings"), as well as in understanding the reflex mechanism of a response of the nose to irritants (e.g., nasal congesti...

Using Drug Levels and Drug Resistance Testing to Select Effective Anti-HIV Drug Combinations in Patients With Drug-resistant HIV

Because people infected with HIV strains that are resistant to anti-HIV drugs have fewer effective treatment options, selecting an effective anti-HIV drug combination is difficult. A combination of protease inhibitors (PIs), when added to a patient's current anti-HIV therapy, may decrease viral load and increase drug activity. Tests that measure drug levels in the blood and tests to evaluate the drug resistance of HIV may also be helpful in choosing the best anti-HIV drug comb...

Internet-Based, Naturalistic Evaluation of Tolerability and Individual Patient Target Pressures With Bimatoprost 0.03% in Glaucoma

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the range of target IOPs set for glaucoma patients starting monotherapy with bimatoprost and to evaluate patient and physician satisfaction with bimatoprost in "real-world" settings

Active Vitamin D Effect on Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) predicts mortality at start of dialysis. Prevention of of LVH is important. It is not known whether secondary hyperparathyroidism might induce LVH. In the present study patients are randomised to 1.25 dihydroxycholecalciferol or no treatment to study the effect on LVH.

EMD 525797 in Colorectal & Ovarian Cancer Patients With Liver Metastases

This study is intended to test an experimental drug called EMD 525797 (Study Drug). This drug is not yet approved for sale and has only been tested in a small number of people to date (prior to this study starting another research study was carried out involving 37 healthy volunteers receiving the Study Drug). Until more is known about this Study Drug, it can only be used in research studies. This research study is planned to answer important questions about how the Study Drug...

PED/PEA-15 Protein, PCOS, Obesity, Insulin Sensitivity Indexes, Metformin, Oral Contraceptives

Insulin-resistance plays an important role in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) physiopathology. The phosphoprotein enriched in the diabetes (PED/PEA-15), a 15 kDa protein related to insulin sensitivity, is over-expressed in type 2 diabetic patients and in PCOS women, independently of obesity. The effectiveness of oral contraceptives pills (OCP) or metformin (MET) in PCOS management is still uncertain. Aim of this pilot clinical study was to compare the effects of OCPs or MET on...

Molecular Markers in Cervical Cancer Screening in the Feasibility of the Mathematical Markov Model Analysis

The purpose of this study is to: 1. make p16INK4A as a cervical cancer screening of tumor markers, cytology improve existing diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, repeatability and validity, so as to effectively prompted the early discovery and diagnosis of cervical cancer. 2. reduce screening costs, screening and benefits into quantitative evaluation, for our country to develop cervical cancer prevention and control strategy to provide a reliable...

Cognitive Effects of Aerobic Exercise for MCI Adults

The specific aims for the study will be to determine if aerobic exercise enhances cognition for older adults who are at greater risk for developing Alzheimer's disease, and to evaluate whether change in insulin sensitivity predicts cognitive performance for subjects randomized to the aerobic exercise group. Sedentary older adults diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment will participate in a 6-month supervised protocol of either aerobic exercise or stretching. Cognitive testing...

Measuring Sensitivity to Nonignorability

To develop a new statistical index that measures sensitivity to non-ignorability (index of sensitivity to nonignorability, or ISNI) for model-based inferences.

Serum Proteomics to Predict Gemcitabine Sensitivity in Breast Cancer

Tumors are heterogeneous with varying response to chemotherapeutic agents. We hypothesize that tumors that are sensitive to a particular chemotherapeutic agent have a distinctive tumor protein profile compared to those that are resistant. We further hypothesize that since tumor is continuously perfused by serum, serum protein profile can be used as a surrogate marker of tumor protein profile. The primary objective of this study is to identify a serum protein profile that predic...

Cognitive Effects of Aerobic Exercise for IGT Adults

The specific aims for the study will be to determine if aerobic exercise enhances cognition for older adults who are at risk for developing type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and to evaluate whether change in insulin sensitivity predicts cognitive performance for subjects randomized to the aerobic exercise group. Sedentary older adults diagnosed with impaired glucose tolerance using an oral glucose tolerance test will participate in a 6-month supervised protocol of either aerobi...

Biomarker Discovery and Application in Bladder Cancer

The investigators' long-term objective is to research and develop innovative new tests which diagnostic laboratories can use to 1) detect methylated DNA targets, 2) tumor specific antigens, and 3) markers of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) treatment in patient urine samples. The investigators plan to detect methylated DNA targets and control targets by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (msPCR) on DNA isolated from urine samples from bladder cancer positive and negat...

Genetic Epidemiology of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC)

Primary Bilary Cirrhosis (PBC) is a progressive liver disorder of unknown cause. Current evidence suggests that genes, the genetic material we inherit from our parents, in combination with environmental factors, likely play an important role in the development of PBC. This study is being done to investigate whether genes make people more likely to develop PBC. Discovery of these proposed genes will help us better understand how PBC developes, and subsequently, to apply...

Vitamin D, Insulin Sensitivity, and Vascular Associations in Adolescents

The overall objectives of this study are to examine the relationships between circulating vitamin D, insulin sensitivity, and multiple indices of vascular function and to examine whether vitamin D deficiency in AA is responsible for ethnic differences in insulin sensitivity and hypertension in AA and EA, as well as mechanisms underlying the association between insulin resistance and blood pressure. We hypothesize that 1) serum 25(OH)D is associated with insulin sensitivity and...

Dimebon (PF-01913539)-Digoxin Drug-Drug Interaction Study In Healthy Subjects

This study has been designed to confirm, in healthy subjects, the lack of a clinically important pharmacokinetic interaction between Dimebon, at the proposed maximum commercial dose of 20 mg TID (administered every 8 hours), and digoxin (Lanoxin®) 0.125 mg QD, a sensitive P-gp substrate recommended by FDA.

Aortic Dissection Detection Risk Score Plus D-dimer in Suspected Acute Aortic Dissection

Acute aortic dissection (AD) is a deadly, difficult to diagnose disease presenting with an array of common and unspecific symptoms. Aortic dissection detection (ADD) risk score as a bedside clinical tool to estimate the risk of AD. D-dimer has been evaluated in several studies as a biomarker of AD, and has showed a pooled diagnostic sensitivity of 97%. However, considering the severe morbidity and mortality of AD, a negative D-dimer per se is considered insufficient to rule-out...

Ketogenic Diet vs.Antiepileptic Drug Treatment in Drug Resistant Epilepsy

This is an open randomized controlled study in children with mental retardation and refractory epilepsy in which treatment with ketogenic diet (KD) is compared with treatment with the antiepileptic drug (AED), not tried by the patient before, which we consider to be the most appropriate AED for the patient.

Treat Stroke to Target

The aim of this study is the evaluation of two usual care strategies after stroke or TIA : achieved target LDL-C of 100 mg/dL (+/-10 mg/dL) or less than 70 mg/dL. Investigators will use the statin and titrate the dosage to achieve the target assigned by randomization in monotherapy or in combination with ezetimibe or other drugs. The primary end-point is the occurrence of recurrent non fatal stroke, non fatal MI, and vascular death in each group. 3760 patients will be r...

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