Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Current guideline-based criteria defining COPD do not meet the challenges set by the complex pathophysiology of the disease. Hyperinflation and affection of the small airways are two components that are not represented in current diagnostic concepts and may relate to early stages of the disease. Moreover, optimal therapeutic interventions in patients with these distinct fea...
This study will examine COPD Wellness, a 10-week low-intensity pulmonary rehabilitation program consisting of group and home exercise, education, and social support can improve symptoms and increase physical activity in participants with COPD who receive care within a 'safety-net' healthcare system (e.g. County Hospital). Half of the participants will also receive an adhere...
To investigate the safety of C13-CAC and the relationship among C13-CAC breath test, gastric pH, and the improvement of symptoms by switching PPI in PPI resistant GERD patients
This is a prospective, randomized parallel study for evaluation of the efficacy and safety of long-term nocturnal high-flow nasal cannula therapy (HFNC: with the myAIRVO2 as HFNC in this study) in stable COPD patients with the global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease (GOLD) stage 2-4, PaCO2 >= 45 Torr and hypercapnia who require home oxygen therapy (HOT) using...
A Study to Test if the Vaccine is Working Well in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients Aged 40 to 80 Years Old to Reduce Episodes of Worsening Symptoms and to Gather Further Information on Safety and Immune Response
The purpose of this study is to test if the vaccine is working well in COPD patients aged 40 to 80 years old to reduce episodes of worsening symptoms ("exacerbations") and to gather further information on safety and immune response. In the current study, COPD patients with a history of acute exacerbations will receive 2 doses of the investigational vaccine or placebo intra...
Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) experience physiological and psychological complications, such as shortness of breath, anxiety and depression. This has negative influence on their social life, daily activity level and overall quality of life. Patients can participate in a pulmonary rehabilitation program (PR) for the purpose of better managing of ...
This study analyzes the prevalence of patients using inhalation devices via incorrect technique and access the adherence of patients to correct inhalation technique when taught along with their subjective improvement of symptoms.
The MUSE study is a prospective observational cohort study of patients referred to pulmonary and/or cardiology specialty clinic for evaluation of shortness of breath or dyspnea. Patients will undergo all pertinent testing and will be required to fill out a number of epidemiologic and quality of life related questionnaires. Follow up will continue for at least one year.
Prospective multicenter observational study, to evaluate the impact of routine clinical practice vaccination with PCV13 on the reduction of the risk of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations
This study will evaluate exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOC's) in the breath of participants with stage 1 lung cancer, their house-mates, and matched controls. The goal of the study is to identify VOC fingerprints that are only detectable in those with stage 1 lung cancer.
The aim of this study was to investigate the airway inflammatory profile and the clinical presentation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in never smokers compared to smokers with COPD.
To develop a comprehensive ʻclinical RD score' for decision making for administration of surfactant in respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants with gestation of 26 0/7 - 34 6/7 weeks and to assess the validity of this ʻclinical RD score' on a different subgroup of patients with similar gestational age.
Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening emergency which occurs due to impaired gas exchange. In the US, the number of hospitalisations owing to acute respiratory failure was 1,917,910 in the year 2009.(1) The incidence of ARF requiring hospitalization was 137.1 per 100,000 population.(2) In ARF due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiogeni...
Introduction: new methods of evaluation of respiratory function, such as electrical impedance tomography (EIT) and optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP), have been used to measure regional pulmonary ventilation and the variation of tricompartmental volumes of the thoracic cavity, respectively. Analysis of these instruments during maximal respiratory maneuvers associated with...
The most significant pathophysiology change of COPD patients is persistent incompletely reversible airflow obstruction and increased lung volume. As a result, the work of breathing(WB) and neural respiratory drive (NRD)increased. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) can reduce the load of respiratory muscles. Detection of NRD can be the index of monitoring for t...
Introduction: Chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD) is common condition in old age and the perception of hypoxia is often impaired in some COPD patients. Therefor it is need to monitor oxygen saturation in older people with COPD. A finger wearable device has been developed to measure oxygen saturation and heart rate variability. We therefore will perform a cross section...
Pulmonary (lung) rehabilitation, which is done under the guidance of lung specialists/therapists. It includes breathing exercises, physical exercises, and exercises to increase tolerance of activity (stamina). This type of lung rehab has been shown to improve symptoms, quality of life, breathing, and walking distance. It has also been shown to decrease hospitalization and d...
This prospective study is designed to assess and quantify the correlation between respiratory changes in R-R interval and the respiratory changed in invasive systolic blood pressure in ventilated patients during changes in posture and peak end expiratory pressure (PEEP) and following a fluid bolus
Assessment In a Real World Setting of the Effect of Inhaled Steroid-based Triple Therapy Versus the Combination of Tiotropium and Olodaterol on Reducing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Exacerbations [AIRWISE]
The primary objective of this pragmatic study is to compare the time to first moderate or severe COPD exacerbation in patients, not controlled on their current therapy, randomized to Stiolto Respimat versus triple therapy over 12 months of treatment The secondary objectives of this study include: 1. To compare the annual rate of moderate or severe COPD exacerbations for...
The purpose of this cross-sectional, observational study is to evaluate the site and mechanism(s) for expiratory airflow limitation in chronic, treated, current or former smokers (>15 pack years) with COPD, Emphysema, and Asthma-COPD Overlap with mild to severe expiratory airflow limitation. Treatment may include short and long acting inhaled beta2agonists, short and long a...
This study aims to assess the efficacy of Pocket Medic to promote self-management and pulmonary rehabilitation adherence in COPD patients.
Bloating, gas, pain and diarrhea are common complaints. Routine investigations are negative; these patients are labeled as IBS. In these patients, whether testing for carbohydrate malabsorption or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is useful is unclear. We aim to assess the prevalence of SIBO, fructose and lactose intolerance, the usefulness of breath tests, and p...
A Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel Group, 28-Week Chronic Dosing, Multi-Center Long-term Extension Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy in Japanese Subjects with Moderate to Very Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) compared with Symbicort® Turbohaler®
This is a prospective, randomized multi-center trial investigating the impact of lower airway infection with P. aeruginosa in COPD patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate if targeted antibiotic therapy against P. aeruginosa can improve the prognosis in patients with COPD.
Hypothesis: 1. Innate immunity is altered in certain patients with COPD and frequent exacerbations, a fact that makes them more susceptible to being infected by bacteria. 2. The electronic nose is able to detect patterns of specific VOCs for exacerbations of infectious origin.