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Search Results for "Prefrontal Cortex And Shift Workers"

14:23 EDT 28th May 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis

Intracellular shift

Circadian rhythm sleep disorder shift work disorder

Hepatitis C

Most hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected individuals seeking treatment are chronically infected. Treatment goal is to achieve a sustained virological response (SVR), which is the absence of serum HCV R...

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Prefrontal cortex output circuits guide reward seeking through divergent cue encoding

Neurons that project from the prefrontal cortex to either the nucleus accumbens or paraventricular thalamus receive different inputs, differentially encode reward-predictive cues, and have opposing ef...

New insights into the roles of different subareas in the prefrontal cortex

Whether the brain responds to an external stimulus or not depends significantly on the balance between areas of excitation and inhibition in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Synaptic connections in the fr...

Separate elements of episodic memory subserved by distinct hippocampal–prefrontal connections

Episodic memory involves encoding an event's temporal and spatial context. The authors show that temporal information is mediated by a direct projection from the dorsal CA1 field of the hippocampus to...

Thalamic projections sustain prefrontal activity during working memory maintenance

Using pathway-specific optogenetic inhibition, the authors demonstrate that projections from the mediodorsal thalamus to prefrontal cortex support the maintenance of working memory, while prefrontalâ€...

Manipulating fear associations via optogenetic modulation of amygdala inputs to prefrontal cortex

Fear-related disorders are thought to reflect strong and persistent fear associations. The authors show that optogenetic high-frequency stimulation of direct amygdala inputs to the prefrontal cortex c...

Amygdala inputs to prefrontal cortex guide behavior amid conflicting cues of reward and punishment

Little is known about the mechanisms underlying the orchestration of competing motivational drives. During the simultaneous presentation of cues associated with shock or sucrose, when rats may engage ...

Prefrontal cortex: Down in front

Prefrontal cortical control of a brainstem social behavior circuit

The authors describe cortical projections mediating the modulation of social behavior. Neural projections from the medial prefrontal cortex to the dorsal periaqueductal gray play a critical role in th...

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Metabolic disturbances due to a high-fat diet in a non-insulin-resistant animal model.

Shift workers have metabolic changes more often than day workers. It is also known that night workers prefer foods high in saturated fat. Such data suggest that shift workers are prone to cardiovascul...

Shift workers have a similar diet quality but higher energy intake than day workers.

Shift work is associated with adverse health outcomes, and an unhealthy diet may be a contributing factor. We compared diet quantity and quality between day and shift workers, and studied exposure-res...

Impulsive-antisocial psychopathic traits linked to increased volume and functional connectivity within prefrontal cortex.

Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by callous lack of empathy, impulsive antisocial behavior, and criminal recidivism. Studies of brain structure and function in psychopathy have freq...

Association between depressive symptoms and morningness-eveningness, sleep duration and rotating shift work in Japanese nurses.

Higher depressive symptoms have been reported in rotating shift workers compared with day workers. Depressive symptoms in adults who do not engage in night work have also been shown to be associated w...

The Distributed Nature of Working Memory.

Studies in humans and non-human primates have provided evidence for storage of working memory contents in multiple regions ranging from sensory to parietal and prefrontal cortex. We discuss potential ...

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