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Top Pharmaceutical Companies in Japan Research

09:59 EDT 1st October 2016 | BioPortfolio

Reconstruction of Internal and External Exposures of Fukushima Residents.

After the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, the internal and external exposures of the residents have been very important issues and concerns. Fukushima prefectural government and Fukushima medical university have been performing the Fukushima Health Management Survey, and the external exposures of the residents have been estimated in the survey by using NIRS external dose estimation...

OS 32-05 EFFECTS OF SGLT2 INHIBITORS ON CIRCADIAN RHYTHM OF BLOOD PRESSURE IN RATS.

Disrupted circadian rhythm of blood pressure is associated with cardiovascular events in metabolic syndrome and obesity. Experiments were conducted to examine the effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on circadian rhythm of blood pressure in a genetic model of obese metabolic syndrome (SHR/NDmcr-cp (+/+) (SHRcp)) and salt-treated obese Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLE...

Evaluation of the adsorptive behavior of cesium and strontium on hydroxyapatite and zeolite for decontamination of radioactive substances.

Removal of radioactive substances, such as cesium (Cs) and strontium (Sr), has become an emerging issue after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Disaster. To assess the possibility that hydroxyapatite (HA) and zeolites can be used for removal of radioactive substances, the adsorption capacities of Cs and Sr on the HA and a zeolite were investigated. The influence of Fe ions on Cs and Sr ads...

Diagnostic accuracy of Japanese posttraumatic stress measures after a complex disaster: The Fukushima Health Management Survey.

The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist (PCL) has been widely used among traumatized populations to screen people with PTSD; however, the Japanese version of the PCL has yet to be validated. We examined the diagnostic accuracy of the Japanese version PCL-Specific (PCL-S) and the abbreviated versions of the PCL-S among the evacuees of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

Correction: Analysis of Plasma Protein Concentrations and Enzyme Activities in Cattle within the Ex-Evacuation Zone of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant Accident.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155069.].

Relationship between Individual External Doses, Ambient Dose Rates and Individuals' Activity-Patterns in Affected Areas in Fukushima following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident.

The accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on March 11, 2011, released radioactive material into the atmosphere and contaminated the land in Fukushima and several neighboring prefectures. Five years after the nuclear disaster, the radiation levels have greatly decreased due to physical decay, weathering, and decontamination operations in Fukushima. The populations of 12 communities were...

Investigation of Metabolism of Exogenous Glucose at the Early Stage and Onset of Diabetes Mellitus in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty Rats Using 1, 2, 3-13CGlucose Breath Tests.

This study aimed to evaluate changes in glucose metabolism at the early stage and onset of diabetes in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. Specifically, after the oral administration of [1, 2, 3-13C]glucose, the levels of exhaled 13CO2, which most likely originated from pyruvate decarboxylation and tricarboxylic acid, were measured. Eight OLETF rats and eight control rats (Long-Evans T...

Severe Psychological Distress of Evacuees in Evacuation Zone Caused by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident: The Fukushima Health Management Survey.

Following the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, the nuclear disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant has continued to affect the mental health status of residents in the evacuation zone. To examine the mental health status of evacuee after the nuclear accident, we conducted the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey as part of the ongoing Fukushima Health Management Survey.

The Aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident: a Perspective from the British Embassy in Tokyo.

The British Embassy in Tokyo was at the heart of providing information in the immediate aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Richard Oppenheim, who was present at the time, and Keith Franklin, who joined the Embassy shortly afterwards, give their perspectives on communicating information on radiation to the public and what lessons can be learned. Richard Oppenheim was head of the Climate C...

Modelling of marine radionuclide dispersion in IAEA MODARIA program: Lessons learnt from the Baltic Sea and Fukushima scenarios.

State-of-the art dispersion models were applied to simulate (137)Cs dispersion from Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster fallout in the Baltic Sea and from Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant releases in the Pacific Ocean after the 2011 tsunami. Models were of different nature, from box to full three-dimensional models, and included water/sediment interactions. Agreement between models was very good...

Establishment of the Central Radiation Dose Registration System for Decontamination Work Involving Radioactive Fallout Emitted by the Fukushima Daiichi APP Accident.

With respect to radiation protection for decontamination efforts involving radioactive fallout emitted by the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Atomic Power Plant, new regulations were established and obligated employers to monitor, record and store of workers' dose records, and to check their past dose records at the time of employment. However, cumulative doses may not be properly maintained if ...

Testing the dual-route model of perceived gaze direction: Linear combination of eye and head cues.

We have recently proposed a dual-route model of the effect of head orientation on perceived gaze direction (Otsuka, Mareschal, Calder, & Clifford, 2014; Otsuka, Mareschal, & Clifford, 2015), which computes perceived gaze direction as a linear combination of eye orientation and head orientation. By parametrically manipulating eye orientation and head orientation, we tested the adequacy of a linear ...

Contribution of Contrast-Enhanced Sonography With Perfluorobutane Microbubbles for Diagnosis of Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

The role of contrast-enhanced sonography in the diagnosis of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma is still unclear. This study aimed to clarify the usefulness and limitations of contrast-enhanced sonography with a perfluorobutane microbubble contrast agent (Sonazoid; Daiichi-Sankyo, Tokyo, Japan) after contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and...

Efficacy of Human Fibrinogen-Thrombin Patch (TachoSil) Clinical Application in Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery.

Previous studies investigated the efficacy and applicability of tissue adhesives in gastrointestinal surgery while no evidence is available to date about a novel compound, TachoSil (Takeda, Zurich, Switzerland). The primary aim of this observational study was to assess the effect of new fibrin sealant on the incidence of postoperative complications in a homogeneous group of patients submitted to u...

Analysis of Plasma Protein Concentrations and Enzyme Activities in Cattle within the Ex-Evacuation Zone of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant Accident.

The effect of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident on humans and the environment is a global concern. We performed biochemical analyses of plasma from 49 Japanese Black cattle that were euthanized in the ex-evacuation zone set within a 20-km radius of FNPP. Among radionuclides attributable to the FNPP accident, germanium gamma-ray spectrometry detected photopeaks only from 134...

Hyperglycemia Enhances the Production of Amyloid β1-42 in the Lenses of Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty Rats, a Model of Human Type 2 Diabetes.

It has been reported that the accumulation of amyloid β1-42 (Aβ1-42) in human lenses can cause some forms of lens opacification. However, the factors leading to changes in the accumulation of Aβ in the lens remain obscure. In this study, we investigate the effect of hyperglycemia on Aβ1-42 accumulation in lenses.

Efficacy and safety of human fibrinogen-thrombin patch (Tachosil(®)) in the management of diffuse bleeding after chest wall and spinal surgical resection for aggressive thoracic neoplasms.

Diffuse bleeding after chest wall and spine resection represents a major problem in General Thoracic Surgery. Several fibrin sealants (FS) have been developed over the years and their use has been gradually increasing over time, becoming an important aid to the surgeons, justifying their use across numerous fields of surgery due to its valid haemostatic properties. Among the several FS available, ...

Radioactive Cs in the estuary sediments near Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.

The migration and dispersion of radioactive Cs (mainly (134)Cs and (137)Cs) are of critical concern in the area surrounding the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). Considerable uncertainty remains in understanding the properties and dynamics of radioactive Cs transport by surface water, particularly during rainfall-induced flood events to the ocean. Physical and chemical properties of u...

Metabolic effects of bile acid sequestration: impact on cardiovascular risk factors.

This article discusses the impact of bile acid sequestrants (BAS) on cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), on the basis of recent (pre)clinical studies assessing the metabolic impact of modulation of enterohepatic bile acid signaling via the bile acid receptors farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and Takeda G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5).

Treatment with atorvastatin attenuates progression of insulin resistance and pancreatic fibrosis in the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty rats.

The effects of statins on insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are still controversial and its effects on pancreatic fibrosis are poorly defined. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of atorvastatin on these issues using the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat, an animal model of IR, T2DM and pancreatic fibrosis.

Radiation and Regulation in a Post-Fukushima World.

The nuclear reactor accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant in March 2011 led to a loss of trust in nuclear power around the globe and acutely in Japan. The reactions of the public in Japan and other countries, such as the United States, and the governmental reactions to the accident offer an opportunity to learn ways to improve safety and communication during and after a nuclear accident.

LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE EURADOS SURVEY ON INDIVIDUAL MONITORING DATA AND INTERNAL DOSE ASSESSMENTS OF FOREIGNERS EXPOSED IN JAPAN FOLLOWING THE FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI NPP ACCIDENT.

European Radiation Dosimetry Group e.V. (EURADOS) survey on individual monitoring data and dose assessment has been carried out for 550 foreigners returning home after being exposed in Japan to intakes of radionuclides (mainly (131)I, (132)I, (132)Te, (134)Cs and (137)Cs) as a consequence of the Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident. In vivo and in vitro measurements were performed in their respective co...

Whole body counter assessment of internal radiocontamination in patients with end-stage renal disease living in areas affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster: a retrospective observational study.

To assess internal radiocontamination of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who were regularly taking haemodialysis (HD) and living in areas affected by the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant after the Great East Japan earthquake on 11 March 2011.

A Multinational Trial of Prasugrel for Sickle Cell Vaso-Occlusive Events.

Background Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder that is characterized by painful vaso-occlusive crises, for which there are few treatment options. Platelets mediate intercellular adhesion and thrombosis during vaso-occlusion in sickle cell anemia, which suggests a role for antiplatelet agents in modifying disease events. Methods Children and adolescents 2 through 17 years of age with ...

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