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FDA

05:58 EDT 22nd September 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US FDA is the Food and Drug Administration.

FDA is responsible for:

  • Protecting the public health by assuring that foods are safe, wholesome, sanitary and properly labeled; human and veterinary drugs, and vaccines and other biological products and medical devices intended for human use are safe and effective
  • Protecting the public from electronic product radiation
  • Assuring cosmetics and dietary supplements are safe and properly labeled
  • Regulating tobacco products
  • Advancing the public health by helping to speed product innovations
  • Helping the public get the accurate science-based information they need to use medicines, devices, and foods to improve their health
  • FDA’s responsibilities extend to the 50 United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and other U.S. territories and possessions.

FDA is an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It consists of six product centers, one research center, and two offices:

  • Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, which regulates products such as vaccines, blood, and gene therapy
  • Center for Devices and Radiological Health, which regulates medical devices ranging from thermometers to kidney dialysis machines, and electronic products that give off radiation, such as microwave ovens
  • Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, which regulates over-the-counter and prescription medications
  • Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, which regulates most foods (except meat and poultry, which are regulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture), food additives, infant formulas, dietary supplements, and cosmetics
  • Center for Tobacco Products, which regulates cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, and smokeless tobacco
  • Center for Veterinary Medicine, which regulates feed and drugs and devices used in pets, farm animals, and other animals
  • National Center for Toxicological Research, which supports FDA’s product centers by providing innovative scientific technology, training, and technical expertise
  • Office of Regulatory Affairs, which conducts inspections and enforces FDA regulations
  • Office of the Commissioner, which provides leadership and direction to FDA’s product centers, research center, and Office of Regulatory Affairs.

FDA regulates:

  • foods, except for most meat and poultry products, which are regulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • food additives
  • infant formulas
  • dietary supplements
  • human drugs
  • vaccines, blood products, and other biologics
  • medical devices, from simple items like tongue depressors, to complex technologies such as heart pacemakers
  • electronic products that give off radiation, such as microwave ovens and X-ray equipment
  • cosmetics
  • feed, drugs, and devices used in pets, farm animals, and other animals
  • tobacco products
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