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Anxiety Disorders Research

14:25 EST 21st February 2018 | BioPortfolio

Cost-effectiveness of collaborative care for depression and PTSD in military personnel.

Collaborative care is an effective approach for treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression within the US Military Health System (MHS), but its cost-effectiveness remains unstudied. Our objective was to evaluate the costs and cost-effectiveness of centrally assisted collaborative telecare (CACT) versus optimized usual care (OUC) for PTSD and depression in the MHS.

A Randomized Controlled Trial for Veterans with PTSD and Substance Use Disorder: Creating Change versus Seeking Safety.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) co-occur in military veterans and other populations.

Negative Affect Intensity and Hostility in Individuals with Alcohol Use Disorder with or without Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Negative affect intensity and hostility have both been implicated in alcohol use disorders (AUD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when they occur separately, but have neither been compared nor explored among those with dual diagnosis AUD and PTSD. This study is a secondary analysis designed to compare levels of negative affect intensity and hostility among those with AUD to those with dua...

Anxiety and perceived psychological stress play an important role in the immune response after exercise.

There are common pathways by which psychological stress and exercise stress alter immunity. However, it remains unknown whether psychological stress plays a role in the in vivo immune response to exercise. We examined the relationship between anxiety and perceived psychological stress reported before exercise and in vivo immunity after exercise using skin sensitisation with Diphenylcyclopropenone ...

Prognosis of Diffuse Axonal Injury with Traumatic Brain Injury.

Determine the prognostic impact of MRI-defined DAI after TBI on functional outcomes, quality of life, and 3-year mortality.

Radiographic and Neurological Outcome After Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Fractures of the Ankylotic Thoracic Spine: A Retrospective Case Series.

Spontaneous thoracic ankylosis is a progressive degenerative process that predisposes patients to potentially highly unstable traumatic injuries. Acute hyperextension fractures result in dynamic instability putting the spinal cord at risk.

Docosahexaenoic acid improves motor function in the model of spinal cord injury.

The present study demonstrates that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) injected subcutaneously leads to recovery of locomotor functions observed within 5 weeks after traumatic spinal cord injury. This activity is confirmed by improving of BBB locomotor rating scale indicators. We assume that this activity is related to (1) enhancement of remyelination process, (2) proliferative activity, (3) anti...

Blood biomarkers in paediatric mild traumatic brain injury: a systematic review.

To summarize all current studies focusing on blood biomarkers in paediatric mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to outline the possible use of blood biomarkers for diagnostic, prognostic and monitoring purposes within this setting.

Early Psychological Counseling for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Induced by Acute Coronary Syndrome: The MI-SPRINT Randomized Controlled Trial.

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS)-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and clinically significant PTSD symptoms (PTSS) are found in 4 and 12% of patients, respectively. We hypothesized that trauma-focused counseling prevents the incidence of ACS-induced PTSS.

Usefulness of ultrasonography in diagnosis, percutaneous management and follow up of post-traumatic scalp pseudoaneurysms.

Pseudoaneurysms of the scalp are rare. Most common etiology is trauma. The patients usually present clinically with persistent painful swelling in the scalp few days after the trauma. The lesion may or may not be pulsatile clinically. Ultrasonography (US) is the best modality to assess these pseudoaneurysms. It not only helps in the diagnosis, but also to trace the offending arterial branch and he...

Clinical application of tibial composite saphenous nervetissue flap for the treatment of traumatic bone-skin defect of leg.

To investigate the effect of tibial composite saphenous nerve tissue flap in repairing traumatic bone-skin defect of leg.

Sensitivity of the Saline Load Test for Traumatic Arthrotomy of the Ankle With Ankle Arthroscopy Simulation.

The saline load test has been used to evaluate for traumatic arthrotomy in orthopaedics. The purpose of this study was to determine the volume of saline required to detect traumatic arthrotomy of the ankle.

Examining Driving and Participation 5 Years After Traumatic Brain Injury.

Participation is often considered a primary goal of traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, but little is known about the influence of driving on participation after TBI. The objective of this study was to examine the independent contribution of driving status to participation at 5 years post TBI, after controlling for demographic, psychosocial, and functional factors. Participants ( N = 2,45...

Cannabinoids prevent depressive-like symptoms and alterations in BDNF expression in a rat model of PTSD.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition highly comorbid with depression. The endocannabinoid (eCB) system and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are suggestively involved in both disorders. We examined whether cannabinoids can prevent the long-term depressive-like symptoms induced by exposure to the shock and situational reminders (SRs) model of PTSD. The CB1/2 recep...

Does Hope Matter? Associations Among Self-Reported Hope, Anxiety, and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents with Cancer.

This study aimed to examine the direct and indirect effects of hope on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) via anxiety of children/adolescents with cancer. We proposed to test if the mediation model was moderated by the child/adolescent's treatment status. The participants were 211 children/adolescents diagnosed with cancer, divided into two clinical groups according to treatment status: 97 pat...

Evaluating the impact of spirituality on the quality of life, anxiety, and depression among patients with cancer: an observational transversal study.

Spiritual well-being was found to have some protective effect against end-of life despair in cancer patients. We aimed at assessing the impact of spirituality on the quality of life, depression, and anxiety of Lebanese cancer patients.

Traumatic spinal injury: global epidemiology and worldwide volume.

Traumatic spinal injury (TSI) results from injury to bony, ligamentous and/or neurological structures of the spinal column and can cause significant morbidity and mortality. The global burden of TSI is poorly understood, so we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global volume of TSI.

Rope Jumping-induced Traumatic Compression Fractures: The Underestimated Danger of Repetitive Axial Load Forces.

The author describes a case of a non-osteoporotic adult presenting with multilevel compression fractures at the apex of the thoracic kyphosis after strenuous rope jumping. MRI demonstrated diffuse bone marrow changes in the vertebral bodies with only a very small unilateral endplate fracture. Besides highlighting the oftentimes neglected role of repetitive sub-pathological axial load forces in tra...

Delayed post-traumatic subacute lumbar subarachnoid hematoma: Case report and review of the literature.

Traumatic spinal subarachnoid hematoma, associated or not to a concurrent subdural hematoma has rarely been described. The evolution of such hematomas is heterogeneous. This study aims at defining the most accurate management which is currently not standardized.

Anxiety, depression, and asthma control: Changes after standardized treatment.

It has been documented that anxiety and depression are prevalent in patients with asthma and are associated with greater frequency of exacerbations, increased use of health-care resources, and poor asthma control.

A pilot trial of l-carnitine in patients with traumatic brain injury: Effects on biomarkers of injury.

To investigate the effects of l-Carnitine on neuron specific enolase (NSE) as a marker of inflammation in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Psychoactive substance abuse and dependence and its association with anxiety disorders: a population-based study of young adults in Brazil.

To evaluate the association between abuse of and dependence on different psychoactive substances and the presence of anxiety disorders in a sample of young adults from a city in southern Brazil.

Virtual reality exposure therapy for fear of driving: analysis of clinical characteristics, physiological response, and sense of presence.

To investigate the reactions of women with driving phobia to a therapeutic program of scheduled virtual reality exposure treatment (VRET) sessions.

Potentially traumatic events and post-traumatic symptomatology in high school students.

Describe the occurrence of potentially traumatic events (PTE) in high-school students, measure subthreshold post-traumatic symptomatology in those who still experience PTE repercussions and associate the symptomatology with sociodemographic and PTE characteristics.

"It's a traumatic illness, traumatic to witness." A qualitative study of the experiences of bereaved family caregivers of patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) are rare cancers which can be difficult to diagnose, are incurable and adversely affect quality of life, particularly in advanced disease. Families often provide care, but little is known about their experiences or needs while caring for their relative with advanced disease or in bereavement.

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