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Assays Research

00:39 EDT 24th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Type IV chitinase quantification in four different grape cultivars (Vitis vinifera) in northeast of Iran by an indirect sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

The incidence of grape (Vitis vinifera) allergy in the northeast of Iran is second to melon allergy. Type IV chitinase is one of the major grape allergens. The current study investigates the level of type IV chitinase in four grape variants for the first time in Khorasan Razavi Province using a highly sensitive sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). This assay was developed using a po...

"Application of the ultra micro analytical system (SUMA) technology for the detection of urinary hCG in antidoping control".

The Ultra Micro Analytical System (SUMA) is an ELISA-based analytical platform, developed andmanufactured by the Cuban Immunoassay Center (IC), which is primarily used in clinical medicine applications. In this article, we describe the validation of the UMELISA HCG kits, which are based on SUMA, as a pre-screening procedure for the detection of human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG) in urine for anti...

Assay sensitivity in "Hybrid thorough QT/QTc (TQT)" study.

A concurrent positive control should be included in a thorough QTc clinical trial to validate the study according to ICH E14 guidance. Some pharmaceutical companies have started to use "hybrid TQT" study to meet ICH E14 regulatory requirements since the release of ICH E14 Q&A (R3). The "hybrid TQT" study includes the same treatment arms (therapeutic and/or supratherapeutic dose of investigational ...

LncRNA ANRIL promotes NLRP3 inflammasome activation in uric acid nephropathy through miR-122-5p/BRCC3 axis.

This study is designed to explore the mechanism by which long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) plays a pathogenic role in uric acid nephropathy (UAN). The expressions of ANRIL, miR-122-5p, BRCA1-BRCA2-containing complex subunit 3 (BRCC3) and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) were determined in UAN patients and uric acid-treated HK-2 cells by qRT-PCR. Pro...

Nanomaterials induce DNA-protein crosslink and DNA oxidation: A mechanistic study with RTG-2 fish cell line and Comet assay modifications.

Genotoxic effects of nanomaterials (NMs) have been controversially reported in literature, and the mode of action (MoA) via DNA oxidation is cited as the main damage caused by them. Evidence of nano-silver as a crosslinker has been previously reported by the present research team in an in vivo fish genotoxicity study. Thus, aiming to confirm the evidence about NMs as crosslinker agent, the presen...

Determination of the plasma protein binding of Liraglutide using the EScalate Equilibrium Shift Assay.

The plasma protein binding capability of drug substances represents an important assay parameter in drug discovery and development. For very strong plasma protein binding molecules, however, the free fraction in plasma f is very small and therefore difficult to determine with standard methods. To solve this problem the EScalate equilibrium shift in-vitro assay was developed. Escalating concentrati...

Serum amyloid A does not affect high-density lipoprotein cholesterol measurement by a homogeneous assay.

Serum amyloid A (SAA), which is one of the acute phase proteins, alters the structure of HDL by associating with it during circulation. We focused on whether SAA influences the values of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) measurements when using a homogeneous assay.

Design of Hydrogel Particle Morphology for Rapid Bioassays.

Hydrogel microparticles have been extensively used in the field of medical diagnostics for detecting targets ranging from proteins to nucleic acids. However, little is known about how the shape of hydrogel particles impacts the signal from a bioassay. In this article, we analyze the flux into porous hydrogel particles to develop scaling laws for the signal from a point-of-care bioassay. The signal...

One-pot synthesis of thermosensitive glycopolymers grafted gold nanoparticles and their lectin recognition.

Thermosensitive glucose-functionalized glycopolymers grafted gold nanoparticles (Glyco@GNPs) with good colloidal stability and thermosensitive in aqueous solution were fabricated by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) mediated one-pot synthesis. The formation of core-shell morphology with about a 60 nm gold core in diameter and a glycopolymer shell of about 80 nm in thickne...

Efficacy and role of Xpert/rifampicin assay in urinary tuberculosis.

The aim was to study the accuracy of Xpert (Cepheid Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA) /rifampicin (MTB/RIF) assay as compared to a composite gold standard (urine culture, imaging, and biopsy) and to asses its utility as the initial test compared to smear microscopy to diagnose urinary tuberculosis.

Combined study on clastogenic, aneugenic and apoptotic properties of doxorubicin in human cells in vitro.

Doxorubicin is a widely used anticancer drug due to its broad spectrum of antitumor activity. Various mechanisms have been proposed for its cytostatic activity, including DNA intercalation, topoisomerase II inhibition, generation of free radicals and apoptosis. The present study aims to further clarify the cytostatic activity of doxorubicin by its specific effect on (a) DNA damage, (b) micronuclea...

Enhancing Molecular Promiscuity Evaluation Through Assay Profiles.

The growing amount of heterogeneous bioactivity data requires effective strategies to assess the promiscuity/selectivity of small-molecules and aid drug discovery. In the current study, we aim to evaluate the potential of assay profiles (APs, i.e., unique combinations of assay-related features describing how activity determinations were performed and reported) in molecular promiscuity analysis.

Pilot studies evaluating the nongenotoxic rodent carcinogens phenobarbital and clofibrate in the rat Pig-a assay.

The Pig-a assay is an emerging and promising in vivo method to determine mutagenic potential of chemicals. Since its development in 2008, remarkable progress has been made in harmonizing and characterizing the test procedures, primarily using known mutagenic chemicals. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate specificity of the Pig-a assay using two nongenotoxic and well-characterized rode...

Comparative analysis and generation of a robust HIV-1 DNA quantification assay.

HIV-1 infection cannot be cured due to the presence of the latent reservoir (LR). Novel cure or treatment strategies, such as "shock and kill" or therapeutic vaccination, aim to reduce or eradicate the LR. Cure strategies utilise robust DNA quantification assays to measure the change in the LR in low copy scenarios. No standard assay exists, which impedes the reliable comparison of results from di...

Development of a LAMP assay with a portable device for real-time detection of begomoviruses under field conditions.

The emergence of begomovirus infection is one of the most important problems affecting production of a variety of vegetable crops worldwide. Infection by begomoviruses has been detected and spread rapidly on Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae plants in Indonesia. A rapid and simple detection assay for begomoviruses under field conditions for routine sampling of plants is needed. Primers for a loop-media...

Investigation of the potential effects of triclosan as an endocrine disruptor in female rats: Uterotrophic assay and two-generation study.

Triclosan (TCS) is a phenolic compound with antimicrobial action widely used in cosmetics and other personal care products and other industry segments. Its widespread use over the decades has made TCS one of the most commonly detected compounds in wastewater and effluent worldwide already being found in human urine, plasma and milk. In this study, the (anti)estrogenicity of TCS was evaluated in th...

Effect of hemolysis, icterus, and lipemia on three acetaminophen assays: Potential medical consequences of false positive results.

We evaluated the effect of hemolysis, icterus and lipemia on 3 acetaminophen assays: namely the Syva® EMIT®, the Microgenics DRI® assay, and the Roche assay on a Roche Cobas® c501 or an Integra 800 analyzer.

Long Non-Coding RNA DUXAP8 Enhances Renal Cell Carcinoma Progression via Downregulating miR-126.

BACKGROUND Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the common malignant tumors in the urinary system, which endangers human health for a long time. The past decade, the molecular biology of renal cell carcinoma has made considerable progress, so that we have a more profound understanding of renal cell carcinoma. Molecular biological mechanism of renal cell carcinoma remains to be explored. Evidence i...

An In Vitro Assay of Trans-SNARE Complex Formation During Yeast Vacuole Fusion Using Epitope Tag-Free SNAREs.

SNARE complexes assembled between fusing membranes (in trans) are the core machinery driving lipid bilayer merger. Thus, an assay monitoring the formation of these trans-SNARE complexes is essential for SNARE-mediated membrane fusion studies. Homotypic yeast vacuole fusion is an important model system for such studies. Although several assays measuring trans-SNARE complex formation are available t...

Measuring Rates of ATP Synthesis.

Here, we offer you a high-throughput assay to measure the ATP synthesis capacity in cells or isolated mitochondria. More specifically, the assay is linked to the mitochondrial' electron transport chain components of your interest being either through complex I (with or without a linkage to pyruvate dehydrogenase activity), through complex II, or through the electron transport flavoprotein and comp...

Rapid detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by a fluorescent microsphere-based immunochromatographic assay and immunomagnetic separation.

To ensure food safety and avoid infections by Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7), we developed a novel fluorescent microsphere (FM)-based immunochromatography assay (FM-ICA). FMs were conjugated to anti-E. coli O157:H7 monoclonal antibody (MAb) as an ICA probe, Immunomagnetic beads (IM-beads) were prepared by conjugating functionalized magnetic microspheres with the antibody for enrichment...

SNPSelect: A scalable and flexible targeted sequence-based genotyping solution.

In plant breeding the use of molecular markers has resulted in tremendous improvement of the speed with which new crop varieties are introduced into the market. Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) genotyping is routinely used for association studies, Linkage Disequilibrium (LD) and Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL) mapping studies, marker-assisted backcrosses and validation of large numbers of novel...

Excessive outlier removal may result in cut points that are not suitable for immunogenicity assessments.

Cut point determination is an important aspect of immunogenicity assay development. The cut point can be influenced by a myriad of factors. Key among those is the analytical variability of the assay itself and biological variation due to test samples. Since a smaller cut point value may result in improved sensitivity, the existing procedures often employ statistical techniques such as outlier remo...

Radiotherapy Modulates DNA Repair Efficiency in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Of Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

There is a growing interest in developing individually tailored cancer radiotherapy (RT), where patients with high intrinsic radiosensitivity (RS) are identified prior to commencing treatment, to minimise severe adverse reactions. In a previous retrospective study of severely radiosensitive RT patients, we established a functional assay with a high predictive capability (1). The assay involves ex-...

The intra-assay reproducibility of thromboelastography in very low birth weight infants.

Despite the potential benefits of thromboelastography (TEG) for bedside hemostatic assessment in critical care settings, its accuracy remains to be determined, especially in critically ill neonates. We determined the intra-assay reproducibility of TEG parameters: Reaction time (R), clot kinetics (K) and Maximum Amplitude (MA) in a cohort of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.

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