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Bioscience Research

00:22 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Using Semistructured Surveys to Improve Citizen Science Data for Monitoring Biodiversity.

Biodiversity is being lost at an unprecedented rate, and monitoring is crucial for understanding the causal drivers and assessing solutions. Most biodiversity monitoring data are collected by volunteers through citizen science projects, and often crucial information is lacking to account for the inevitable biases that observers introduce during data collection. We contend that citizen science proj...

Development of shelf life kinetic model for fresh rainbow trout () fillets stored under modified atmosphere packaging.

The sensory, chemical (based on the thiobarbituric acid, total volatile basic nitrogen and trimethylamine), and microbial quality (based on the total viable count and lactic acid bacteria count) of the rainbow trout stored under modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) conditions was evaluated. Four different gas combinations, including P (80% CO, 10% N, 10% O), P (60% CO, 20% N, 20% O), P (60% CO, 40%...

Active modified atmosphere packaging of yellow bell pepper for retention of physico-chemical quality attributes.

This investigation was carried out to evaluate the effect of active and passive modified atmosphere packaging on quality and shelf life of yellow bell pepper fruits. Yellow bell pepper fruits were packaged in 150 gauge LDPE packages with oxygen absorbers for active modification and without oxygen absorber for passive modification of headspace and were stored at different temperatures i.e. 5, 10 an...

Is Worse Attention a Risk Factor for or a Consequence of Depression, or Are Worse Attention and Depression Better Accounted for by Stress? A Prospective Test of Three Hypotheses.

It is unclear whether impaired cognition is a risk factor for depression, a consequence of depression, or whether both depression and impaired cognition are caused by a third underlying process (e.g., stress). These three hypotheses were tested in 523 adolescents assessed annually for depression, attentional functioning, and childhood/recent life stress. Baseline switching, sustained, and selectiv...

Quality of life and depression 3 months after intracerebral hemorrhage.

Quality of life (QoL) after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is poorly known. This study investigated factors affecting QoL and depression after spontaneous ICH.

Empirically supported out-of-the-box strategies for science communication by environmental scientists.

Scientists are expected to communicate their research to a wide audience, while often lacking appreciable training. Environmental science poses many value-laden and ethical questions. This necessitates the identification and use of specific strategies or guidelines which encourages two-way communication and enables trust in both the experts and the scientific results. The objective of this paper i...

Prevalence of Bacteremia and Bacterial Meningitis in Febrile Neonates and Infants in the Second Month of Life: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Febrile neonates (persons in the first month of life) are believed to be at higher risk for bacteremia or bacterial meningitis than infants in their second month of life. However, the true prevalence is unclear.

Exploring distraction and the impact of a child life specialist: Perceptions from nurses in a pediatric setting.

The purpose of this study is to explore perceptions held by nurses on the use of distraction and the role of a child life specialist in caring for children undergoing painful procedures.

Life as a way of the functioning of matter - Theory of organic being of Jędrzej Śniadecki.

In 2018 we celebrate the 250th anniversary of the Jędrzej Śniadecki's birth. This work aims to show the importance of his thoughts for the development of natural sciences. He studied at some of the largest universities in Europe, where he met great scientists of the enlightenment. The effects can be seen in his works. He was remembered as a founder of Polish biochemistry, anthropology and pathol...

Impact of oral conditions on the quality of life of incarcerated women in Brazil.

Imprisoned women represent a growing population worldwide with important health needs. In this study, we aimed to analyze the impact of oral health conditions on the quality of life of female inmates in a maximum security correctional facility. Participants were examined and answered the OHIP-14 questionnaire. A total of 305 inmates were included in the study. Prevalence of untreated caries was 84...

Quality of life and burnout among faculty members: How much does the field of knowledge matter?

Faculty members face demands such as research, outreach programs, and management activities. Such demands may expose faculty to burnout. Burnout affects the physical, psychological and social health of faculty members, but it is still unclear how it affects their quality of life. We aimed to assess the impact of burnout on the quality of life (QoL) of faculty members from different fields of knowl...

Stressful Life Events and Cognitive Decline: Sex Differences in the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Follow-Up Study.

The reasons why women are at higher risk than men for developing dementia are unclear. Although studies implicate sex differences in the effect of stress on cognitive functioning, whether stressful life events are associated with subsequent cognitive decline has received scant research attention.

Bringing Genetics Home.

The promise of human genetics and genomics is nothing less than a fully tailored life, starting with medical treatments, diets, and preventative care all styled around a single genome. There's a lighter side as well where consumer genomics companies are helping people understand themselves and their families. Lara Szewczak spoke with Catherine Ball, Chief Scientific Officer at Ancestry, about the ...

Nutritional strategies to reduce methane emissions from cattle: Effects on meat eating quality and retail shelf life of loin steaks.

Increasing the lipid concentration and/or inclusion of nitrate in the diet of ruminant livestock have been proposed as effective strategies to reduce the contribution of methane from the agricultural sector to greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, the effects of increased lipid or added nitrate on beef eating quality were investigated in two experiments. In experiment 1, lipid and nitrate were ...

Association of Demographic and Hearing-Related Factors With Cochlear Implant-Related Quality of Life.

Only limited evidence is available describing the contribution of patient-related factors to quality of life in adults with cochlear implants.

Direct and Indirect Effects of Crisaborole Ointment on Quality of Life in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis: A Mediation Analysis.

Crisaborole ointment is a nonsteroidal phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor for the treatment of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis. Using pooled data from two phase 3 studies (NCT02118766/NCT02118792), mediation modeling determined the interrelationship among pruritus, quality of life (QoL), and treatment. Patients aged ≥ 2 years received crisaborole ointment 2% or vehicle twice daily for 28 days. Q...

Trivalent Phosphorus and Phosphines as Components of Biochemistry in Anoxic Environments.

Phosphorus is an essential element for all life on Earth, yet trivalent phosphorus (e.g., in phosphines) appears to be almost completely absent from biology. Instead phosphorus is utilized by life almost exclusively as phosphate, apart from a small contingent of other pentavalent phosphorus compounds containing structurally similar chemical groups. In this work, we address four previously stated a...

Can a Good Life Be Unsatisfying? Within-Person Dynamics of Life Satisfaction and Psychological Well-Being in Late Midlife.

Psychological investigations into the structure of well-being have been largely cross-sectional. However, longitudinal models are needed as Western societies work to improve individual well-being. The current multilevel-modeling study examined within-person dynamics of well-being over 8 years. I asked two questions: (a) How do life satisfaction and psychological well-being (measures drawn from two...

Having a Happy Spouse Is Associated With Lowered Risk of Mortality.

Studies have shown that individuals' choice of a life partner predicts their life outcomes, from their relationship satisfaction to their career success. The present study examined whether the reach of one's spouse extends even further, to the ultimate life outcome: mortality. A dyadic survival analysis using a representative sample of elderly couples ( N = 4,374) followed for up to 8 years showed...

Is Life Expectancy of French Women Going to Plateau and Oscillate?

Some authors have hypothesised that life expectancy at birth could reach 100 years in developed countries in the next decades. Using recent data for French women, it is shown that life expectancy changes from 1993 to 2016 are mainly linked to mortality rates of oldest women. In recent years, it happened that life expectancy of French women oscillated, because of for instance influenza epidemics ki...

Vision-related Quality of Life with Low Vision - Assessment and Instruments.

Patient-reported outcome measures have been met with increasing interest, particularly in clinical research. They are used to capture the patient-relevant impact of an intervention or a loss of function. In patients with loss of vision, vision-related quality of life is assessed in order to quantify the impact of visual impairment in everyday life. When using quality of life instruments, psychomet...

Green Principles for Vehicle Lightweighting.

A large portion of life cycle transportation impacts occur during vehicle operation, and key improvement strategies include increasing powertrain efficiency, vehicle electrification and lightweighting vehicles by reducing their mass. The potential energy benefits of vehicle lightweighting are large, given that 29.5 EJ was used in all modes of U.S. transportation in 2016 and roughly half of the ene...

Improving Attitudes and Perceptions About End-of-Life Nursing on a Hospital-Based Palliative Care Unit.

Nurses play an integral role in high-quality patient care. Thus, their skills in providing end-of-life care should be assessed and continually enhanced. Education intended to improve end-of-life skills must address the affective/emotional component of nursing care. Evidence demonstrates that emotional engagement and resilience among health care providers are correlated with improved quality outcom...

Undergraduate Nursing Students' Perception of End-of-Life Care Education Placement in the Nursing Curriculum.

Nursing students, who have been receiving the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC) Core training throughout their Bachelor of Science in Nursing program, have a unique perspective of the benefits of this training. In addition, they have insight as to where an online ELNEC module series specifically for undergraduate nursing students would best be integrated within the curriculum. This ...

Identity, Couple and Intergroup Dynamics in Intercultural Families: Implications on Life Satisfaction of Partners.

The current study analyzed how identity, couple, and intergroup dynamics are related to life satisfaction among 210 intercultural partners living in Italy. Three levels of analysis were considered: a micro level, taking into account the identity aspect of each partner in terms of self- or hetero-ethnic identification; a meso level, examining the passion, commitment, and intimacy of the couple sphe...

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