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Industrial biotechnology develops and applies microorganisms for the production of bioproducts and enzymes with applications ranging from food and feed ingredients and processing to bio-based chemicals, biofuels and pharmaceutical products. Next generation DNA sequencing technologies play an increasingly important role in improving and accelerating microbial strain development for existing and nov...
The biotechnological production of isoprene and isopentenol has recently been studied. Isoprene, which is currently made mainly from petroleum, is an important platform chemical for synthesizing pesticides, medicines, oil additives, fragrances, and more and is especially important in the rubber production industry. Isopentenols, which have better combustion properties than well-known biofuels (eth...
Given the biotechnology advances observed in recent years in terms of upstream, the development of effective downstream processes becomes mandatory to decrease the associated costs of biotechnological-based products. Although a large interest has been devoted to ionic-liquid-based aqueous biphasic systems (IL-based ABS) as tailored separation platforms, imidazolium-based ILs have been the preferre...
Transcriptome-Guided Identification of Carbohydrate Active Enzymes (CAZy) from the Christmas Island Red Crab, Gecarcoidea natalis and a Vote for the Inclusion of Transcriptome-Derived Crustacean CAZys in Comparative Studies.
The Christmas Island red crab, Gecarcoidea natalis, is an herbivorous land crab that consumes mostly fallen leaf litter. In order to subsist, G. natalis would need to have developed specialised digestive enzymes capable of supplying significant amounts of metabolisable sugars from this diet. To gain insights into the carbohydrate metabolism of G. natalis, a transcriptome assembly was performed, wi...
Influenza virus continues to be a major health problem due to the continually changing immunodominant head regions of the major surface glycoprotein, hemagglutinin (HA). However, some emerging vaccine platforms designed by biotechnology efforts, such as recombinant influenza virus-like particles (VLPs) have been shown to elicit protective antibodies to antigenically different influenza viruses. He...
Sulfide prevails in both industrial and municipal waste streams and is one of the most troublesome issues with waste handling. Various technologies and strategies have been developed and used to deal with sulfide for decades, among which biological means make up a considerable portion due to their low operation requirements and flexibility. Sulfur bacteria play a vital role in these biotechnologie...