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Blood Research

21:48 EDT 21st September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Decreased nitrite reductase activity of deoxyhemoglobin correlates with platelet activation in hemoglobin E/ß-thalassemia subjects.

Nitric oxide (NO) can be generated from nitrite by reductase activity of deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxyHb) apparently to facilitate tissue perfusion under hypoxic condition. Although hemoglobin E (HbE) solutions have been shown to exhibit decreased rate of nitrite reduction to NO, this observation has never been reported in erythrocytes from subjects with hemoglobin E/ß-thalassemia (HbE/ß-thal)....

The regulatory roles of VEGF-Notch signaling pathway on aplastic anemia with kidney deficiency and blood stasis.

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-Notch signaling pathway plays an important role in aplastic anemia (AA). This study aimed to evaluate the regulatory roles of VEGF-Notch signaling pathway on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from AA patients with kidney deficiency and blood stasis (KB) (AA MSCs).

Identification of potential biomarkers in cholestasis and the therapeutic effect of melatonin by metabolomics, multivariate data and pathway analyses.

The present study investigated the anti‑cholestatic effect of melatonin (MT) against α‑naphthyl isothiocyanate (ANIT)‑induced liver injury in rats and screened for potential biomarkers of cholestasis. Rats were administered ANIT by intraperitoneal injection and then sacrificed 36 h later. Serum biochemical parameters were measured and liver tissue samples were subjected to histological ana...

Kinetics of corneal leukocytes by intravital multiphoton microscopy.

Corneal immune privilege is integral in maintaining the clear avascular window to the foreign world. The presence of distinct populations of corneal leukocytes (CLs) in the normal cornea has been firmly established. However, their precise function and kinetics remain, as of yet, unclear. Through intravital multiphoton microscopy (IV-MPM), allowing the means to accumulate critical spatial and tempo...

A New Trans-Acting Modulator of Fetal Hemoglobin?

Spectrum of Ankyrin Mutations in Hereditary Spherocytosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a common pediatric hemolytic anemia caused by congenital red blood cell defects. HS due to ankyrin 1 (ANK1) mutations is the most common type. We explored an ANK1 mutation from an HS patient and reviewed the literature.

Water, Ions and Hemoglobin: Effects on Allostery and Polymerizaton.

Proteins that function in aqueous solution can be perturbed by the solvent. Here we present experimental studies on two such interactions in the hemoglobin molecule. (1) Hemoglobin's oxygen binding is altered by introduction of crowding species or osmoticants, such as sucrose, through the linked binding of ions such as Cl or CO2, but not otherwise. This rules out a significant role of buried surfa...

Albumin and hemoglobin adducts of estrogen quinone as biomarkers for early detection of breast cancer.

Cumulative estrogen concentration is an important determinant of the risk of developing breast cancer. Estrogen carcinogenesis is attributed to the combination of receptor-driven mitogenesis and DNA damage induced by quinonoid metabolites of estrogen. The present study was focused on developing an improved breast cancer prediction model using estrogen quinone-protein adduct concentrations. Blood s...

Microalbuminuria Is Associated With Early Retinal Neurodegeneration in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

To evaluate retinal layer changes in patients with type 2 diabetes, microalbuminuria, and no diabetic retinopathy, and to investigate its possible relationship with age, gender, diabetes duration, urinary albumin excretion (UAE), glycosylated hemoglobin, and hypertension.

The in Vitro Effect of Polyvinylpyrrolidone and Citrate Coated Silver Nanoparticles on Erythrocytic Oxidative Damage and Eryptosis.

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are increasingly used as antimicrobial agents and drug carriers in various biomedical fields. AgNPs can encounter erythrocytes either directly following intravenous injection, or indirectly via translocation from the site of administration. However, information regarding the pathophysiological effects and possible mechanism of action of AgNPs on the erythrocytes are st...

Distinct β-glucan molecules modulates differently the circulating cortisol levels and innate immune responses in matrinxã (Brycon amazonicus).

This study investigated the effects of two β-glucan molecules with different purities and isolated by different biotechnological processes on the immune response of matrinxã (Brycon amazonicus) prior and after challenge with Aeromonas hydrophila. In this sense, we evaluated serum cortisol and plasma glucose levels, the number of leukocytes (lymphocytes, neutrophils and monocytes), as well as the...

Differences in heme and hemopexin content in lipoproteins from patients with sickle cell disease.

High blood cholesterol is associated with atherogenesis and endothelial dysfunction. The latter is present in hemolytic diseases, such as sickle cell anemia, whose carriers have hypocholesterolemia and low incidence of coronary artery disease.

Removal of Bilirubin with a New Adsorbent System: In Vitro Kinetics.

Many potentially toxic molecules accumulate in the blood during hepatic dysfunction. In clinical practice, it is very difficult to remove bilirubin, the most widely studied toxin, and particularly the unconjugated form, strongly albumin-bound. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess irreversible bilirubin adsorption as a protein-bound compound marker, using Cytosorb® (Cytosorbents Corp.), a ...

Pharmacokinetics of pentoxifylline and its 5-hydroxyhexyl metabolite following intravenous administration in cattle.

This study investigated the pharmacokinetics of pentoxifylline (PTX) and its 5-hydroxyhexyl metabolite (M-I) after single-dose intravenous (IV) administration (10 mg/kg) of PTX in six healthy cattle. The safety of PTX was evaluated by clinical observation and biochemical analysis. Plasma concentrations of PTX and M-I were simultaneously determined by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromato...

Authors' response to the commentary by Bonaventura and Montecucco on: 'Characterization of circulating leukocytes and correlation of leukocyte subsets with metabolic parameters 1 and 5 years after diabetes diagnosis'.

Lipid profile changes in erythrocyte membranes of women with diagnosed GDM.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a glucose intolerance that begins or is first recognized during pregnancy. It is currently a growing health problem worldwide affecting from 1% to 14% of all pregnant women depending on racial and ethnic group as well as the diagnostic and screening criteria. Our preliminary study aimed at investigating the erythrocyte membrane fatty acid profiles of pregnant...

Increased Plasma-Free Hemoglobin Levels Identify Hemolysis in Patients With Cardiogenic Shock and a Trans valvular Micro-Axial Flow Pump.

Hemolysis is a potential limitation of percutaneously delivered left-sided mechanical circulatory support pumps, including trans valvular micro-axial flow pumps (TVP). Hemolytic biomarkers among durable left ventricular assist devices include lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) >2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) and plasma-free hemoglobin (pf-Hb) >20 mg/dL. We examined the predictive value of thes...

The Association Between Fecal Hemoglobin Concentration and Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders.

The present study is to investigate the association between fecal hemoglobin (f-Hb) concentration and oral cancer and its precursor, oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD).

The association of HBG2, BCL11A, and HMIP polymorphisms with fetal hemoglobin and clinical phenotype in Iraqi Kurds with sickle cell disease.

Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is the major modifier for sickle cell disease (SCD) severity. HbF is modulated mainly by three major quantitative trait loci (QTL) on chromosomes 2, 6, and 11.

Postnatal Administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 Ameliorates Perinatal Broad-Spectrum Antibiotic-Induced Reduction in Myelopoiesis and T cell Activation in Mouse Pups.

This study addressed whether administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 could mitigate the effects of a compromised gut microbiota on the composition of mature leukocytes and granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells (GMPs) in newborn mice.

Thermodynamic Scaling of Interfering Hemoglobin Strain Field Waves.

Hemoglobin (Hgb) forms tetramers (dimerized α - β dimers), which enhance its globular stability and may also facilitate small gas molecule transport, as shown by recent all-atom Newtonian solvated simulations. Hydropathic bioinformatic thermodynamic scaling enables close comparisons of hemoglobin dimers with myoglobin and neuroglobin, and reveals many nonlocal wave-like features of strained Hgb ...

HEMATOLOGY, PLASMA BIOCHEMISTRY, AND URINALYSIS OF FREE-RANGING GREY-HEADED FLYING FOXES ( PTEROPUS POLIOCEPHALUS) IN AUSTRALIA.

The grey-headed flying fox ( Pteropus poliocephalus) is a species endemic to coastal eastern Australia. This study presents a comprehensive set of biochemistry, hematology, and urinalysis biomarkers from which reference values were derived. Blood samples collected from free-ranging P. poliocephalus were submitted for hematology ( n = 140) and plasma biochemistry ( n = 161) and urine for urinalysis...

STRECK CELL PRESERVATIVE STABILIZES KOALA ( PHASCOLARCTOS CINEREUS) WHOLE BLOOD FOR COMPLETE BLOOD COUNTS.

Wildlife health assessments at remote sites may lead to delayed testing of whole blood for complete blood counts (CBC) resulting in artifacts affecting clinical interpretation. Streck Cell Preservative (SCP) is a proprietary liquid stabilization reagent designed to preserve human leukocytes and may be applicable to wildlife health assessments when immediate processing of blood is not possible. The...

Vitamin D Intake and Status of Children With Sickle Cell Disease in Montreal, Canada.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) and vitamin D deficiency share manifestations such as bone complications and bony pains. Canadian SCD children are characterized by compromised sun exposure all year long and potential dietary deficiency, which combined to SCD-causing high nutritional demands, may lead to impaired vitamin D status. The objectives of this study were to document vitamin D status and intake ...

Leutusome: A biomimetic nanoplatform integrating plasma membrane components of leukocytes and tumor cells for remarkably enhanced solid tumor homing.

Cell membrane-camouflaged nanoparticles have appeared as a promising platform to develop active tumor targeting nanomedicines. To evade the immune surveillance, we designed a composite cell membrane-camouflaged biomimetic nanoplatform, namely leutusome, which is made of liposomal nanoparticles incorporating plasma membrane components derived from both leukocytes (murine J774A.1 cells) and tumor ce...

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