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Neurodevelopmental outcomes are impaired in survivors of critical congenital heart disease (CHD) in several developmental domains including motor, cognitive and sensory outcomes. These deficits can extend into the adolescent and early adulthood years. The cause of these neurodevelopmental impairments is multi-factorial and includes patient specific risk factors, cardiac anatomy and physiology as w...
Although an uncommon form of admission to a burns centre, the deep, penetrating nature of noxious currents mean that electrical burns have the most catastrophic consequences of all burn injuries. Understanding the physics of electricity is crucial to explaining the mechanisms of tissue damage and organ failure in electrical injuries which necessitate special management above and beyond that of reg...
Acute and transient psychotic disorders (ATPD) are characterized by an acute onset and a remitting course, and overlap with subgroups of the clinical high-risk state for psychosis. The long-term course and outcomes of ATPD are not completely clear.
In order to clarify hepato-protective actions of estrogen, we examined the progress of carbon tetrachloride (CCl)-induced acute liver injury (ALI) in sham and ovariectomized (ovx) mice and the effects of dimethylthiourea (DMTU), a hydroxyl radical scavenger, and meloxicam (Melo), a selective cox-2 inhibitor, on the development of CCl-induced ALI.
Superovulation procedures and assisted reproductive technologies have been widely used to treat couples who have infertility problems. Although generally safe, the superovulation procedures are associated with a series of complications, such as ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome, thromboembolism, and adnexal torsion. The role of long-term repeated superovulation in ovarian aging and especially in ...
The transcription cofactor limb-bud and heart (LBH) is involved in embryonic development. However, its role in human lung cancer, especially lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), remains unclear.
There is mounting evidence for an association between sleep disorders and hypertension. In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) there are plausible biological reasons for the development of hypertension, and treatment of OSA results in modest (2-3 mmHg), adherence-dependent decreases in blood pressure (BP), with larger effects evident in those with resistant hypertension. However, prospective, population...
Increases in left ventricular filling pressure are a fundamental haemodynamic abnormality in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, very little is known regarding how elevated filling pressures cause pulmonary abnormalities or symptoms of dyspnoea. We sought to determine the relationships between simultaneously measured central haemodynamics, symptoms, and lung ventilator...
Main pulmonary artery (MPA) stiffness and abnormal flow haemodynamics in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are strongly associated with elevated right ventricular (RV) afterload and associated with disease severity and poor clinical outcomes in adults with PAH. However, the long-term effects of MPA stiffness on RV function in children with PAH remain poorly understood. This study is the first ...
In HIV-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), lipodystrophy shares many similarities with metabolic syndrome, but only metabolic syndrome has objective classification criteria. We examined adipose tissue changes related to lipodystrophy and metabolic syndrome to clarify whether it may be acceptable to focus diagnosis on metabolic syndrome rather than lipodystrophy.
Hypertension is a common condition in older people, but is often one of many conditions, particularly in frail older people, and so is rarely managed in isolation in the real world-which belies the bulk of the evidence upon which is treatment decisions are often based. In this article, we discuss the issues of ageing, including frailty and dementia, and their impact upon blood pressure management....
The CANTOS trial underscored the efficacy of selective antibody-based interleukin (IL)-1β inhibition with Canakinumab in secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. Despite the success of the trial, incidence of stroke was not reduced likely due to the low number of events and the relatively young age of patients enrolled. Given the established role of IL-1β in stroke, we tested the efficacy ...
Guidelines recommend that patients with newly elevated office blood pressure undergo ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) or home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) to rule-out white coat hypertension before being diagnosed with hypertension. We explored patients' perspectives of the barriers and facilitators to undergoing ABPM or HBPM.
We aimed to determine if immune-unreactive albumin excretion (IURAE) is associated with cardiovascular (CV) events in a representative sample of a general population from Spain.
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a challenging condition that lacks a curative treatment. In selected patients, spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has provided a satisfactory outcome.
Arterial hypertension (HT) is one of the most frequently recorded comorbidities among patients under antiangiogenic therapy. Inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptors (VEGFR) are most commonly involved in new onset or exacerbation of pre-existing controlled HT. From the pathophysiology point of view, data support that reduced nitric oxide release and sodium and flu...
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are linked to excessive maternal weight and frequent snoring. However, pathways between maternal excessive weight, pregnancy-onset snoring and HDP are only partially estimated. We examined and quantified the total and direct associations between excessive maternal weight and incident HDP and their indirect pathway through pregnancy-onset snoring.
There is a well-established association between chronic inflammation and an elevated risk of heart disease among patients with systemic autoimmune conditions. This review aims to summarize existing literature on the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease and ischemic heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmia, and pericarditis, with particular attention to approaches to management and treat...
Atypical bypass tracts or variants of ventricular pre-excitation are rare anatomic structures often with rate-dependent slowing in conduction, called decremental conduction. During sinus rhythm, electrocardiographic recognition of those structures may be difficult because unlike in the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome where usually overt ventricular pre-excitation is present, the electrocardiogram (...
Morphological and physiological changes in the vasculature have been described in the evolution and maintenance of hypertension. Hypertension-induced vascular dysfunction may present itself as a contributing, or consequential factor, to vascular remodeling caused by chronically elevated systemic arterial blood pressure. Changes in all vessel layers, from the endothelium to the perivascular adipose...
Reproductive hormones are understood to be important to the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women. However, standard estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) assays lack sensitivity at the levels of postmenopausal women.
Prognostic value of left ventricular reverse remodelling and recurrent mitral regurgitation after personalized surgical treatment of patients with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy and functional mitral regurgitation.
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of left ventricular reverse remodelling (LVRR) and recurrent mitral regurgitation (MR) at mid-term follow-up (1-2 years after surgery) in patients after personalized surgical treatment of heart failure and functional MR due to non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy and to assess their prognostic impact on long-term clinical outcomes.