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Clinical Research Organization Research

08:04 EST 22nd November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Microarray bioinformatics in cancer- a review.

Bioinformatics is one of the newest fields of biological research, and should be viewed broadly as the use of mathematical, statistical, and computational methods for the processing and analysis of biological data. Over the last decade, the rapid growth of information and technology in both "genomics" and "omics" eras has been overwhelming for the laboratory scientists to process experimental resu...

History of lobotomy in Poland.

In Poland, there were 176 cases of prefrontal leucotomy performed by Moniz's method between 1947 and 1951. There were also several cases in which alternative psychosurgical techniques were used: prefrontal topectomy by Bilikiewicz and colleagues, and prefrontal topischemia by Ziemnowicz. This article analyses the following: publications by Choróbski, who performed lobotomy in Poland, and by Korze...

Global Disease Detection-Achievements in Applied Public Health Research, Capacity Building, and Public Health Diplomacy, 2001-2016.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has established 10 Global Disease Detection (GDD) Program regional centers around the world that serve as centers of excellence for public health research on emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. The core activities of the GDD Program focus on applied public health research, surveillance, laboratory, public health informatics, and technical cap...

Anogenital distance as a phenotypic signature through infancy.

Anogenital distance (AGD) has been suggested to represent a phenotypic signature reflecting in utero androgen action. However, it is not known whether an individual's AGD at birth correlates to AGD later in life. We investigate correlations of AGD between 3 and 18 months and asses reproducibility of measurements.

Corrigenda.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2471/BLT.16.189894.].

Ensembl 2018.

The Ensembl project has been aggregating, processing, integrating and redistributing genomic datasets since the initial releases of the draft human genome, with the aim of accelerating genomics research through rapid open distribution of public data. Large amounts of raw data are thus transformed into knowledge, which is made available via a multitude of channels, in particular our browser (http:/...

Unmet Needs in Clinical and Basic Hepatitis B Virus Research.

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) has become a treatable and controllable disease. The current nucleos(t)ide analogue (NUC) and pegylated interferon therapies effectively help slow disease progression and reduce the risk of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and CHB-associated mortality. Long-term viral suppression is easily achievable by NUC therapy, with limited adverse reactions. However, sever...

Increasing Capacity for Family Care: A Research Opportunity.

Dehydration of Older Patients in Institutional Care and the Home Environment.

Dehydration in older adults is an important clinical problem associated with more comorbidities, longer hospital stays, and higher mortality rates. However, in daily clinical practice, no single gold standard marker of hydration status in older adults is available. The aim of the current study was to define the fluid balance status in older adults residing in institutional care or the home. Four h...

Doctoral training in clinical psychology across 23 years: Continuity and change.

Doctoral training in clinical psychology has undergone substantial changes in recent decades, especially with the increasing heterogeneity of training models and graduate students. To document these changes, we analyzed program, student, and faculty characteristics of American Psychological Association (APA)-accredited clinical psychology programs over a 23-year span.

Building a Competency-Based Leadership Program with Campus-Wide Implementation.

This chapter outlines a process used by a large, public, research institution to create and implement a competency-based leadership development initiative across campus.

International Congress on Soldiers' Physical Performance 2017: Research priorities across the service members operational lifecycle.

Amnion: The Ideal Scaffold for Treating Full-Thickness Wounds of the Lower Extremity.

Amnion and amniotic tissue has been studied for more than 100 years in the treatment of acute and chronic wounds. Recent studies have focused on the use of amnion tissue in the management of full-thickness diabetic wounds, particularly of the lower extremities. With new harvesting, processing, and distribution technologies, amnion is increasingly available in treating these wounds. Current data a...

The Use of Decellularized Human Placenta in Full-Thickness Wound Repair and Periarticular Soft Tissue Reconstruction: An Update on Regenerative Healing.

Prolonged or incomplete healing of the foot and ankle can pose significant challenges. Therefore, investigators have begun searching for alternative treatment strategies. With advances in tissue engineering, decellularized human placental connective tissue matrix has been suggested as a means to achieve more rapid and complete healing for various soft tissue and bone procedures. Basic science and ...

Proceedings of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon's 2017 Clinical and Scientific Innovations in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (CSIOMS).

The sixth biennial Clinical and Scientific Innovations in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, formerly the Research Summit, of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons and its Committee on Research Planning and Technology Assessment was held in Rosemont, Illinois from April 28 to 30, 2017. The goal of the symposium is to provide a forum for the latest clinical and scientific advance...

AML in 2017: Advances in clinical practice.

Numerous advances have been made in the biology and treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in 2017. These include the integration of the assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) into clinical practice, the approval and near approval of new agents, improvement in therapy for older patients, and the development of a number of promising new agents, including IDH inhibitors, a Hedgehog signalin...

Familial myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia.

A growing number of inherited genetic loci that contribute to myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia (MDS/AML) development in both children as well as adults are rapidly being identified. In recognition of the clinical impact of this emerging field, the World Health Organization, National Comprehensive Cancer Network, and European LeukemiaNet have all added consideration of inherited pred...

Mutational complexity in myelodysplasia.

Myelodysplastic syndromes are characterized by genetic and clinical heterogeneity. Some mutations are able to drive clonal hematopoiesis without causing clinical consequences, while other mutations may have significant impact, including the transformation to leukemia. This review aims to describe the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) by focusing on 3 aspects: combinatorial genetic ev...

The evolving role of genomic testing in assessing prognosis of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.

The introduction into routine hematology-oncology clinical practice of molecular genetic testing assays based on next-generation sequencing platforms is prompting reassessment of the importance of molecular assay results in comparison to existing disease-specific risk stratification tools based on clinical assessment and light microscopy. For patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), the most...

How can one optimize induction therapy in AML?

Induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia has not changed much since 1973, when the 7 + 3 regimen of cytarabine and daunorubicin was born. Since then, various strategies have been evaluated to improve patient response, including dose intensification, the incorporation of additional agents into the regimen, the development of novel agents, and modified approaches for older patients. Recently, ...

Do cytogenetics affect the post-remission strategy for older patients with AML in CR1?

Data have shown that intensified cytarabine in consolidation for treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) does not equally benefit patients older than 60 years, and older patients experience significantly more neurotoxicity than younger patients. In addition, older patients are more likely to have abnormal or unfavorable cytogenetics, which also tend to confer limited efficacy with intensified cy...

Which new agents will be incorporated into frontline therapy in acute myeloid leukemia?

For 4 decades, new agents had not been permanently approved for use in treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The long dry spell was broken in 2017, however, with the approval of several agents: midostaurin for addition to chemotherapy in mutant FLT3 patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy, enasidenib in advanced mutant IDH2 patients, CPX-351 in secondary AML patients, and gemtuzumab ozogamicin...

Relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Is it crucial to achieve molecular remission prior to transplant?

In patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) the risk of recurrent leukemia influences the choice of treatment between chemotherapy and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. The evaluation of minimal residual disease (MRD) is now considered to be the greatest progress in risk stratification in regard to leukemia recurrence. Achieving molecular remission at the end of induction ther...

Impact of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation on the outcome of older patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

For younger patients with intermediate- or high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first remission, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) offers the best chance of cure and therefore is the treatment of choice. The role of allogeneic HCT in the treatment of older patients is less well defined. In this review, four issues concerning the role of HCT in the treatment of older AML pati...

Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation for adult acute myeloid leukemia: An obsolete or resurfacing concept?

Improving long-term outcomes of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients remains a challenge. Major scientific and clinical advances have led to a better understanding of the disease biology, and the majority of patients achieve a complete remission (CR) after induction therapy. Relapse risk, however, remains considerable and is the leading cause of death in this patient population. Significant...

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