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05:13 EST 21st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Highlights of the NCCN Oncology Research Program.

Can Self-Locking Cages Offer the Same Clinical Outcomes as Anterior Cage-with-Plate Fixation for 3-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) in Mid-Term Follow-Up?

BACKGROUND Self-locking stand-alone cages (MC+) and cage-with-pate fixation system are 2 different surgical methods used in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), but few systematic comparative studies comparing the 2 methods in treating multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) have been published. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-two patients with MCSM who underwent multilevel ACDF we...

Big data in IBD: a look into the future.

Big data methodologies, made possible with the increasing generation and availability of digital data and enhanced analytical capabilities, have produced new insights to improve outcomes in many disciplines. Application of big data in the health-care sector is in its early stages, although the potential for leveraging underutilized data to gain a better understanding of disease and improve quality...

Better mind, better work: effects of plants on adolescent mental stress as measured by EEG.

Shutdown will cast a long shadow over research.

Development of a novel model for predicting survival of patients with spine metastasis from colorectal cancer.

To develop a novel nomogram for predicting survival of patients with spine metastasis from colorectal cancer (SMCRC) based on the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors.

Pericardial fluid: an underrated molecular library of heart conditions and a potential vehicle for cardiac therapy.

The remote but heart-encircling location of pericardial fluid confers this biofluid unique properties. Once past the limitation of the invasive collection, for instance, on occasion of heart surgery or pericardiocentesis, the scrutiny of pericardial fluid content can be of great interest in cardiovascular research. This liquid concentrates many heart-derived factors, thus enclosing several surroga...

Colon Cancer in Young Adults: Trends and Their Implications.

The recent rise of young individuals under age 50 with colorectal cancer (CRC) is a startling trend in need of greater focus and research. The etiology of young-onset CRC is unexplained as efforts to blame obesity or diabetes as causative factors are simplistic and inadequate.

Progress report on the major clinical advances in patient-oriented research into familial melanoma (2013-2018).

Adoptive cell transfer therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. This malignancy is associated with poor prognosis and high mortality. Novel approaches for prolonging the overall survival of patients with advanced HCC are urgently needed. The antitumor activities of adoptive cell transfer therapy (ACT), such as strategies based on tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and cytokine-induced kill...

Efficacy and Safety of Premixed Human Insulin Combined with Sulfonylureas in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Previously Poorly Controlled with Insulin.

Some type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients treated with premixed insulin alone or in combination with oral glucose-lowering agents (without sulfonylureas) cannot reach the required glucose targets. Clinical studies have demonstrated that diabetes patients treated with sulfonylureas achieve stable glycemic control, with a low hypoglycemic rate. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety...

Disentangling residents' engagement with communities of clinical practice in the workplace.

Maximising the potential of the workplace as a learning environment entails understanding the complexity of its members' interactions. Although some articles have explored how residents engage with supervisors, nurses and pharmacists individually, there is little research on how residents enter into and engage with the broader community of clinical practice (CoCP). To this end, we designed a con...

Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia: An Update on Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA), first described by Kossard in the early 1990s, is a form of primary lymphocytic cicatricial alopecia characterized by selective involvement of the frontotemporal hairline and eyebrows. Since the original description, an increasing number of cases have been reported worldwide and the clinical aspects of the disease have been better characterized. However, the path...

Behavioral and cognitive markers of mild cognitive impairment: diagnostic value of saccadic eye movements and Simon task.

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) has been considered as a prodromal stage of Alzheimer disease (AD). Subtle changes in specific aspects of executive function like inhibitory control have been found in MCI.

Research Progress of Glycyrrhizic Acid on Antiviral Activity.

Glycyrrhizic acid (GA), a triterpene isolated from the roots and rhizomes of licorice, named Glycyrrhiza glabra, is the principal bioactive ingredient of anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects. GA has been used in the clinical treatment of hepatitis, bronchitis, gastric ulcer, AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), certain cancers and skin diseases. It has a direct effect o...

Associations between child physical abuse potential, observed maternal parenting, and young children's emotion regulation: Is participation in Early Head Start protective?

Clinicians working with Early Head Start (EHS) families consider family well-being and positive parent-child relationships as foundational to school readiness. Understanding the links between risk factors and these dimensions of family engagement can inform clinical decision-making, as risk assessments are used to tailoring program services. The current study examined the associations between high...

Replicative senescence of human dermal fibroblasts affects structural and functional aspects of the golgi apparatus.

It is well recognized that the world population is aging rapidly. Therefore, it is important to understand aging processes at the cellular and molecular levels to predict the onset of age-related diseases and prevent them. Recent research has focused on the identification of aging biomarkers, including those associated with the properties of the Golgi apparatus. In this context, Golgi-mediated gly...

The 2017 Banting Memorial Lecture The diabetic lower limb - a forty year journey: from clinical observation to clinical science.

A series of clinical research projects conducted over the past 40 years, all of which were informed by clinical observation or discussions with people with diabetes and staff colleagues are described in this review. A study of necrobiosis lipoidica iabeticorum confirmed that this rare skin complication occurs predominantly in young women with Type 1 diabetes and other microvascular complications. ...

Association of Dietary Niacin Intake With Incident Hip Fracture, BMD, and Body Composition: The Cardiovascular Health Study.

Interest in niacin has increased in the setting of reports suggesting that niacin plays a role in diseases of aging. No study to date has examined the association of dietary niacin intake with multiple skeletal health parameters including bone mineral density (BMD), hip fractures, and body composition, and none have included both African American and white men and women. Participants included 5187...

Triclosan-containing fluoride toothpaste on clinical parameters and osteo-inflammatory mediators when applied in a stent during experimental peri-implant mucositis in smokers.

To determine the effect of triclosan-containing fluoride toothpaste on the clinical parameters and the osteo-immunoinflammatory mediators in the peri-implant fluid when applied in a stent during experimental peri-implant mucositis in smokers.

This Month in AJP.

The following highlights summarize research articles that are published in the current issue of The American Journal of Pathology.

Relaxin-2 for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF): Rationale for future clinical trials.

Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF), a distinct sub-entity of chronic heart failure characterized by generalized inflammatory non-compliance of the cardio-vascular system, is associated with high mortality and still an unmet medical need. Many novel and promising therapeutic approaches have failed in large studies. This review focuses on basic research, pre-clinical and clinical...

The Genesis and Evolution of Bead-Based Multiplexing.

Multiplexed analysis has the advantage of allowing for simultaneous detection of multiple analytes in a single reaction vessel which reduces time, labor, and cost as compared to single-reaction-based detection methods. Microsphere-based suspension array technologies, such as the Luminex® xMAP® system, offer high-throughput detection of both protein and nucleic acid targets in multiple assay chem...

Sex differences of brain and their implications for personalized therapy.

Nowadays, it is known that the sex differences regard many organs, e.g., liver, vessels, pancreas, lungs, bronchi and also the brain. Sex differences are not just a matter of ethical and moral principles, as they are central to explain many still unknown diseases and their understanding is a prerequisite to develop an effective therapy for each individual. This review reports on those sex differen...

THE BIRTH of the CARIBBEAN SOCIETY of ENDOSCOPIC SURGEONS -A historical article.

The Caribbean Society of Endoscopic Surgeons (CaSES) is a regional surgical organization that acts as a quality-enhancing body for the Caribbean region. It does so through many activities including an annual regional meeting. In this historical article, the history, purpose and future developments of the organization is outlined.

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