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Collaborations in biotechnology Research

15:16 EST 22nd February 2019 | BioPortfolio

The Namibian Children's Heart Project: a South-South partnership to provide cardiac care.

IntroductionCongenital and acquired heart diseases are highly prevalent in developing countries despite limited specialised care. Namibia established a paediatric cardiac service in 2009 with significant human resource and infrastructural constraints. Therefore, patients are referred for cardiac interventions to South Africa.

The 2010-2014-2018 trilogy of ESC-EACTS Guidelines on myocardial revascularisation: we cannot jump three steps this way and then return to where we began.

When Daddy Stalks Mommy: Experiences of Intimate Partner Stalking and Involvement of Social and Legal Authorities When Stalker and Victim Have Children Together.

This study examined intimate partner stalking experienced by 196 mothers stalked by the father of their children. Respondents completed a questionnaire concerning experiences of stalking and level of support by the authorities. Results revealed higher rates of harassing than violent stalking. In many cases, the children were also targeted by the stalking. Encounters with several agencies were comm...

Environmental management partner selection for reverse supply chain collaboration: A sustainable approach.

The Indian electronics industry is facing immense pressure to include sustainability practices in order to meet customer expectations, comply with legislation and create an edge over competitors. This growing need for inclusion of sustainability is driving original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to collaborate with third-party reverse logistics providers (3PRLPs) to sustainably manage returns. Col...

Extortion strategies resist disciplining when higher competitiveness is rewarded with extra gain.

Cooperative strategies are predicted for repeated social interactions. The recently described Zero Determinant (ZD) strategies enforce the partner's cooperation because the 'generous' ZD players help their cooperative partners while 'extortionate' ZD players exploit their partners' cooperation. Partners may accede to extortion because it pays them to do so, but the partner can sabotage his own and...

Temporal Stability of Sexual Excitation and Sexual Inhibition in Women.

The dual control model of sexual response proposes two factors, sexual excitation (SE) and sexual inhibition (SI), that aim to predict sexual behavior and response. While SE and SI are described as stable traits that influence sexuality-related outcomes such as sexual function or sexual risk taking, only a few studies have presented data on the stability of these factors. The aim of this study was...

Visual inspection of transvaginal ultrasound videos to characterize uterine peristalsis: an inter-observer agreement study.

Contractions in non-pregnant uterine can be assessed by visual inspection of transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS). Many authors have used this method to extract features like contraction frequency and direction. However, visual inspection is a subjective method and the outcome is dependent on the sonographers and video analysts. In this study, we wanted to see which uterine feature is reproducible enoug...

Marital quality, partner's engagement and continuous positive airway pressure adherence in obstructive sleep apnea.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first line therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but its effectiveness requires high adherence. We aimed to assess the impacts of the spouse's/partner's involvement and the quality of the couple's relationship on CPAP adherence.

Challenges Associated With Moving the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 to After the Core Clerkships and How to Approach Them.

An increasing number of medical schools have moved away from traditional 2 + 2 curricular structures toward curricula that intentionally integrate basic, clinical, and health systems science, with the goal of graduating physicians who consistently apply their foundational knowledge to clinical practice to improve the care of patients and populations. These curricular reforms often include a sh...

Comparison of two portable clinical analyzers to one stationary analyzer for the determination of blood gas partial pressures and blood electrolyte concentrations in horses.

Portable blood gas analyzers are used to facilitate diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to disturbances of acid-base and electrolyte balance in the ambulatory care of equine patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether 2 portable analyzers produce results in agreement with a stationary analyzer. Blood samples from 23 horses hospitalized for various medical reasons were include...

Assessment of local influence for the analysis of agreement.

The concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) and the probability of agreement (PA) are two frequently used measures for evaluating the degree of agreement between measurements generated by two different methods. In this paper, we consider the CCC and the PA using the bivariate normal distribution for modeling the observations obtained by two measurement methods. The main aim of this paper is...

Establishment of partner preference in male rats: Effect of prenatal letrozole and sexual experience.

Repeated testing for masculine sexual behavior influences female sex preference in males. Males perinatally treated with aromatase inhibitors show male preference, but also copulate with the receptive female. Such copulation modifies sex preference most likely because of its rewarding properties. In this study, we intended to equal the incentive value of both stimuli -in the sex preference test- b...

Driver licensing and motor vehicle crash rates among young adults with amblyopia and unilateral vision impairment.

This retrospective cohort study investigated whether unilateral vision impairment (UVI) or amblyopia are associated with driver licensing and crash risk among adolescents. Electronic health records for New Jersey residents who were patients with the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's healthcare network were linked to statewide driver licensing and crash data. We compared young adults with a dia...

The role of co-occurring intimate partner violence, alcohol use, drug use, and depressive symptoms on disciplinary practices of mothers involved with child welfare.

Evidence suggests intimate partner violence (IPV), substance use, and depression adversely affect the disciplinary practices of caregivers involved with child welfare; however, it remains uncertain whether the combined effects of these conditions are syndemic.

Outbreak of Candida auris in Spain: A comparison of antifungal activity by three methods with published data.

Candida auris is an emerging pathogen causing candidaemia outbreaks in several countries for which azole, amphotericin-B, and echinocandin resistance has been reported. We have determined the eight agents' antifungal susceptibilities of 73 C. auris Spanish isolates (56 bloodstreams and 17 urine), using three methods. First, Isolates were identified by ITS sequencing and then, MICs of fluconazole, ...

Transmission Patterns in a Low HIV-Morbidity State - Wisconsin, 2014-2017.

Public health interviews (i.e., partner services), during which persons with diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection name their sexual or needle-sharing partners (named partners), are used to identify HIV transmission networks to guide and prioritize HIV prevention activities. HIV sequence data, generated from provider-ordered drug resistance testing, can be used to understand chara...

Effects of seniority, gender and geography on the bibliometric output and collaboration networks of European Research Council (ERC) grant recipients.

Assessing the success and performance of researchers is a difficult task, as their grant output is influenced by a series of factors, including seniority, gender and geographical location of their host institution. In order to assess the effects of these factors, we analysed the publication and citation outputs, using Scopus and Web of Science, and the collaboration networks of European Research C...

Guillain-Barre Syndrome and Zika infection: Identifying leading producers, countries relative specialization, and collaboration.

Zika virus (Zikv) infection implies a significant public health issue due to the different syndromes associated. It is related to several central nervous system problems, such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barre Syndrome. In this way, the first document about the relation of Guillain-Barre Syndrome and Zika indexed in Web of Science was published in 2014. Therefore, the primary goal of the present ...

The Asylum Seeker Integrated Healthcare Pathway: a collaborative approach to improving access to primary health care in South Eastern Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

It is important to address the health needs of asylum seekers within the early stages of their arrival in Australia, as this impacts all aspects of their resettlement. However, asylum seekers face a range of barriers to accessing timely and appropriate health care in the community. In 2012, the increasing number of asylum seekers in Australia placed additional demand on health and social services ...

Psycho-social profile of battered women in Galicia, Spain: Distress as a result of intimate partner violence and child abuse.

In Spain, a country of great cultural diversity, there is an increasing demand for psychosocial care for victims of gender-based violence. The objective is to describe the psychosocial profile of these women residing in the Autonomous Community of Galicia. In a sample (n = 40) of victims of intimate partner violence, it was found a high incidence of PTSD, depression, and low self-esteem associ...

Preventable premature deaths (PYLL) in Northern Dimension partnership countries 2003-13.

Objective was to measure preventable premature loss of life in countries from same geographical area but with considerable differences in social and economic development. By comparing inter-country differences and similarities in premature mortality, acceleration of health-in-all-policies is enhanced.

Assessing the role of women's autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries.

Our study investigates the associations between women's autonomy and attitudes toward the acceptability of intimate-partner violence against women (IPVAW) and maternal health-care utilization outcomes.

Risk-Informed Intervention: Using Intimate Partner Violence Risk Assessment within an Evidence-Based Practice Framework.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive problem in the United States. IPV is often repetitive and may escalate; in a small number of cases, IPV leads to homicide. This article presents an evidence-based practice (EBP) model for risk-informed social work intervention with survivors and perpetrators of IPV. The EBP model combines the best available research evidence, practitioner expertise, a...

'Secret Lists and Sanctions': The Blacklisting of the John Lewis Partnership and the Politics of Pay in 1970s Britain.

In 1977, the John Lewis Partnership (JLP) was blacklisted for breaching the Labour government's pay controls under the Social Contract. As the Callaghan administration struggled to establish economic credibility, extending its reach into the private sector emerged as a political priority. JLP became a test case of government resolve months before the Ford strike of autumn 1978 that ushered in the ...

Inter-observer agreement between two observers for bovine digital dermatitis identification in New Zealand using digital photographs.

To assess the inter-observer agreement for detecting bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) lesions in digital colour photographs of the hind feet of cows, which had been taken while the animals were standing to be milked, between two trained observers.

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