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Compliance Research

22:10 EDT 23rd May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Heart rate variability response to affective pictures processed in and outside of conscious awareness: Three consecutive studies on emotional regulation.

Previous research has increased understanding of the neurobiological basis of emotional regulation. However, less is known concerning the unconscious processing of affective information. Three experiments were performed to investigate the extent to which complex affective stimuli can be processed outside of consciousness and demonstrate possible mechanisms for regulation of resulting emotional res...

The cognitive up- and down-regulation of positive emotion: Evidence from behavior, electrophysiology, and neuroimaging.

Although numerous studies have investigated emotion regulation, the physiological responses and neural substrates of positive emotion regulation remain unclear. To address this question, we explored the effect of reappraisal on subjective experience, zygomatic electromyography (zEMG) response, and blood oxygen level response, using the same materials across three independent experiments. Behaviora...

Searching for Disclosure.

Legal and Compliance Issues in the Dynamic Context of Healthcare Today.

Compliance and High Reliability in a Complex Healthcare Organization.

When considering the impact of regulation on healthcare, visualize a spider's web. The spider weaves sections together to create the whole, with each fiber adding to the structure to support its success or lead to its failure. Each section is dependent on the others, and all must be aligned to maintain the structure. Outside forces can cause a shift in the web's fragile equilibrium.The interdepend...

How Systematic Compliance Practices Can Address Regulatory and Risk Issues in Healthcare.

Compliance: An Ounce of Prevention Is Worth a Pound of Cure.

Regulations, Rules, and Laws: Leading Through the Changes.

The Impact of Anesthesia-Influenced Process Measure Compliance on Length of Stay: Results From an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery for Colorectal Surgery Cohort.

Process measure compliance has been associated with improved outcomes in enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs. Herein, we sought to assess the impact of compliance with measures directly influenced by anesthesiology in an ERAS for colorectal surgery cohort.

International experience in the legal regulation of the circulation of medicines through the prism of the law of the world trade organization.

Introduction: The development of international legal cooperation in the field of health has largely been driven by the trade interests of states. The aim: The article analyzes the legal regulation of the circulation of medicines through the prism of the law of the World Trade Organization.

Emotion introspection and regulation in depression.

Depressed patients suffer from an impairment to voluntarily influence and regulate their unpleasant emotional state. Strengthening the mental ability to interfere with dysfunctional emotion processing may be beneficial in treating depression. According to models of emotion processing this may be done by successful down-regulation of enhanced amygdala activity. We investigated short periods of inte...

Compliance to follow up and adherence to medication in hypertensive patients in an urban informal settlement in Kenya: comparison of three models of care.

To determine and compare, among three models of care, compliance to scheduled clinic appointments and adherence to anti-hypertensive medication of patients in an informal settlement of Kibera, Kenya.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder in the College Mental Health Setting.

The impact of borderline personality disorder (BPD) on college students is not well studied, and there is currently little data about its phenomenology or treatment in this population. We review the available literature regarding evidence-based treatment for BPD on college campuses, as well as best-practice guidelines for the treatment of mental illness in the college setting. Diagnostic disclosur...

Implementation and validation of constitutive relations for human dermis mechanical response.

Finite element models in conjunction with adequate constitutive relations are pivotal in several physiological and medical applications related to both native and engineered tissues, allowing to predict the tissue response under various loading states. In order to get reliable results, however, the validation of the constitutive models is crucial. Therefore, the main purpose of this work is to pro...

Outcry Consistency and Prosecutorial Decisions in Child Sexual Abuse Cases.

This study examines the correlation between the consistency in a child's sexual abuse outcry and the prosecutorial decision to accept or reject cases of child sexual abuse. Case-specific information was obtained from one Texas Children's Advocacy Center on all cases from 2010 to 2013. After the needed deletion, the total number of cases included in the analysis was 309. An outcry was defined as a ...

Rate and State Friction Relation for Nanoscale Contacts: Thermally Activated Prandtl-Tomlinson Model with Chemical Aging.

Rate and state friction (RSF) laws are widely used empirical relationships that describe macroscale to microscale frictional behavior. They entail a linear combination of the direct effect (the increase of friction with sliding velocity due to the reduced influence of thermal excitations) and the evolution effect (the change in friction with changes in contact "state," such as the real contact are...

Adoption of Farm Management Systems for Cross Compliance - An empirical case in Germany.

In Germany, Farm Management Systems (FMS) have been introduced as a support to farmers' compliance with environmental and other regulations, aiming at the increase of farm level performance and sustainable farming practices. Different kinds of FMS were developed and promulgated with various approaches, determined by each federal state's agricultural advisory system. Knowledge on the FMS' uptake an...

State Indoor Tanning Laws and Prevalence of Indoor Tanning Among US High School Students, 2009-2015.

To examine the association between state indoor tanning laws and indoor tanning behavior using nationally representative samples of US high school students younger than 18 years.

Gateway reflex: neural activation-mediated immune cell gateways in the central nervous system.

The neural regulation of organs can be categorized as systemic or local. Whereas systemic regulation by the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland-mediated release of steroid hormones has been well studied, the mechanisms for local regulation have only recently emerged. Two types of local neural regulation are known, the gateway reflex and the inflammatory reflex. The gateway reflex describes a mech...

Evaluation of Compliance with a Weight-based Nurse-driven Heparin Nomogram in a Tertiary Academic Medical Center.

Recently, our institution adopted a weight-based nurse-driven heparin titration protocol that relies on nurses ordering laboratories, adjusting doses, and initiating boluses. Numerous institutions have implemented similar protocols with reported success.

Intravitreal ocriplasmin for the treatment of vitreomacular traction and macular hole- A study of efficacy and safety based on NICE guidance.

To evaluate the real world clinical outcomes of intravitreal ocriplasmin in patients with vitreomacular traction (VMT) with and without full thickness macular holes (FTMH) treated according to NICE guidance.

Can Congress Get 'Right to Try' Right?

A federal bill would expand access to experimental treatments to seriously ill patients, but critics say the right to try would take away FDA oversight and create a "Wild West." Proponents counter that the FDA's current process can be onerous for people with just a few months to live. Meanwhile, most states' right-to-try laws have gone unused.

Commentary: Disclosure in the criminal justice system.

A functional Variant (Rs35592567) in TP63 at 3q28 is Associated with Gastric Cancer Risk via Modifying its Regulation by MicroRNA-140.

TP63 was believed to play an important role in the development of many malignancies, while the polymorphisms located at the miRNA binding sites within the 3'UTR of TP63 mRNA may interfere with its expression. In this study, we aimed to study the role of TP63 regulation in the tumorigenesis of gastric cancer (GC).

Emphasis on expert consensus guidance for constantly promoting the levels of diagnosis and treatment of hypopharyngeal cancer in China.

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