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Constipation Research

20:22 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Pediatric Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Staged With 18F-FDG PET/CT.

A 15-year-old boy with autism and swallowing dysfunction presented with a 6-month history of fatigue, intermittent abdominal pain, and weight loss. He later became febrile and had multiple episodes of coffee ground emesis and melena stools. An upper endoscopy showed an esophageal mass, and a subsequent F-FDG PET/CT scan confirmed this finding. PET/CT also revealed metastatic disease in local lymph...

Chronic kidney disease after 5/6 nephrectomy disturbs the intestinal microbiota and alters intestinal motility.

Organ-organ crosstalk is involved in homeostasis. Gastrointestinal symptoms are common in patients with renal failure. The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between gastrointestinal motility and gastrointestinal symptoms in chronic kidney disease. We performed studies in C57BL/6 mice with chronic kidney disease after 5/6 nephrectomy. Gastrointestinal motility was evaluated by ass...

Delayed or not delayed? That is the question in Indian children with constipation.

The evolution of magnetic resonance enterography in the assessment of motility disorders in children.

Gastrointestinal symptoms including constipation, diarrhoea, pain and bloating represent some of the most common clinical problems for patients. These symptoms can often be managed with cheap, widely available medication or will spontaneously resolve. However, for many patients, chronic GI symptoms persist and frequently come to dominate their lives. At one end of the spectrum there is Inflammator...

Clinical Overview and Considerations for the Management of Opioid-induced Constipation in Patients with Chronic Noncancer Pain.

Opioid analgesics may be associated with chronic adverse effects, such as opioid-induced constipation (OIC). Available and emerging prescription medications for OIC in patients with chronic noncancer pain are described, including concerns and challenges associated with OIC management.

Updated review of current pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of irritable bowel syndrome.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually associated with chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. The two spectra of the disease include constipation-predominant IBS and Diarrhea-predominant IBS. Earlier it was thought to be an unexplained brain-gut disorder, but of late, various underlying causes suggesting primary gut disturban...

Epidemiology of Paediatric constipation in Indonesia and its association with exposure to stressful life events.

We aimed to study the epidemiology and risk factors, including exposure to emotional stress, for constipation in Indonesian children and adolescents of 10-17 year age group.

A comparison of Kato-Katz technique to three other methods for diagnosis of Amphimerus spp. liver fluke infection and the prevalence of infection in Chachi Amerindians of Ecuador.

Recently, a high prevalence of infection by the liver fluke Amphimerus spp. has been documented in the Chachi Amerindians of Ecuador. For diagnosis, no studies exist that compare the sensitivity of different coproparasitological detection techniques. The present study compares the Kato-Katz technique with three other coproparasitological methods for detecting eggs of Amphimerus in stools, as well ...

Identifying and Treating Opioid Side Effects: The Development of Methylnaltrexone.

Methylnaltrexone Reverses Chronic Opioid-induced Constipation: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. By Yuan CS, Foss JF, O'Connor M, Osinski J, Karrison T, Moss J, Roizen MF. JAMA 2000; 283:367-72. Reprinted with permission.

Do bad habits bring a double constipation risk?

Good dietary habits, fluid intake, and regular exercise are considered to ease defecation although very few cases of chronic constipation can be managed through these approaches alone. Good defecation habits are recommended to avoid chronic constipation; however, the literature regarding this remains scarce. In this paper, we aimed to assess the association of bad habits concerning defecation, suc...

Symptom clusters and quality of life in breast cancer survivors after cancer treatment in a tertiary hospital in Korea.

We investigated the symptom clusters and effects of symptom clusters on the quality of life of Korean breast cancer survivors. We recruited 241 breast cancer survivors and collected cross-sectional data on their symptoms. To determine inter-relationships among symptoms, a principal component analysis with varimax rotation was performed based on the patient's symptoms (fatigue, nausea/vomiting, pai...

Abdominal Pain and Constipation.

Effects of psyllium vs. placebo on constipation, weight, glycemia, and lipids: A randomized trial in patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic constipation.

To compare the effects of baked psyllium supplementation versus those who received a placebo on constipation symptoms, body weight, glycemic and lipids control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic constipation.

An Infant with Respiratory Distress and Loose Stools.

We present the case of a 3-month-old girl who was admitted with complaints of loose stools and respiratory distress. She also had a history of rash and alopecia. Laboratory investigations revealed lymphopenia with reduced immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin A. Lymphocyte subset analysis by flow cytometry revealed T-B+NK+ severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). She died due to severe pneumonia, sh...

Fecal microbiota transfer for bowel disorders: efficacy or hype?

Dysbiosis has been related to the pathophysiology of disorders of - gut-brain interaction (DGBI) including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional constipation (FC). Accordingly, modulation of gut microbiota has been proposed as a potential treatment for these disorders. Gut microbiota modulation can be effected by probiotics, prebiotics, symbiotics, postbiotics, antibiotics and fecal transp...

Drugs for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation Are Similarly Effective.

Bladder Symptoms in Children with Functional Constipation: A Systematic Review.

To perform a systematic review of the literature examining the prevalence of bladder symptoms in children with functional constipation (FC), and to compare the prevalence of those symptoms between children with and without FC.

Elobixibat for the Treatment of Constipation.

Chronic idiopathic constipation (CC) is highly prevalent worldwide. A subset of patients with CC have reduced fecal (and by inference, intra-colonic) bile acids (BA). Elobixibat, a locally-acting ileal bile acid transporter (IBAT) inhibitor, leads to increased BA delivery to the colon and represents a new class of treatment for CC. BAs accelerate colonic transit and increase colonic secretion. The...

Coinfection by astrovirus and Neisseria B meningitidis in a girl.

Meningococcal infection associates high morbidity and mortality. Viral coinfection has been described mainly with herpes and respiratory virus. We describe a child who suffered a tonic-clonic seizure with hypotension, tachycardia and low Glasgow Coma Scale. She maintained an altered mental status and required hemodynamic stabilization in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Wide spectrum antibiother...

Origanum majorana L extract exhibit positive cooperative effects on the main mechanisms involved in acute infectious diarrhea.

Origanum majorana L. (Lamiaceae) is commonly used in Moroccan folk medicine to treat infantile colic, abdominal discomfort and diarrhea. Liquid stools and abdominal discomfort observed in acute infectious diarrhea are the consequences of imbalance between intestinal water secretion and absorption in the lumen, and relaxation of smooth muscle surrounding the intestinal mucosa.

Differential effects of dietary fibres on colonic barrier function in elderly individuals with gastrointestinal symptoms.

Gastrointestinal problems are common in elderly and often associated with psychological distress and increased levels of corticotrophin-releasing hormone, a hormone known to cause mast cell (MC) degranulation and perturbed intestinal barrier function. We investigated if dietary fibres (non-digestible polysaccharides [NPS]) could attenuate MC-induced colonic hyperpermeability in elderly with gastro...

Opioid receptors in the GI tract: targets for treatment of both diarrhea and constipation in functional bowel disorders?

Opioids have been used for centuries, mostly as a sedative and to treat pain. Currently, they are used on a global scale for the treatment of acute and chronic pain in diseases as osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, and low back pain. Binding of opioids on opioid receptors can cause a range of different effects such as changes in stress response, analgesia, motor activity and autonomic functions. This r...

PROPOSALS TO APPROXIMATE THE PEDIATRIC ROME CONSTIPATION CRITERIA TO EVERYDAY PRACTICE.

Acceptance of the prevailing pediatric Rome constipation criteria, by primary care physician, is still low. Even for research purposes they have not been universally adopted. Thus, it has been indicated that some re-evaluation of these criteria would be welcome.

FUNCTIONAL CONSTIPATION AND OVERACTIVE BLADDER IN WOMEN: A POPULATION-BASED STUDY.

An association between urinary disorders and functional constipation has been registered in children and adults, with functional constipation being a common complaint in individuals with overactive bladder.

Determining the impact of a bowel management protocol on patients and clinicians' compliance in cardiac intensive care: a mixed-methods approach.

Bowel management protocols standardise care and, potentially, improve the incidence of diarrhoea and constipation in intensive care. However, little research exists reporting compliance to such protocols in intensive care throughout patients' stay. Furthermore, there is limited exploration of the barriers and enablers to bowel management protocols following their implementation, an important aspec...

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