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The Oroxylum indicum is used traditionally to treat fever, colic, stomach ulcers, constipation, indigestion, intestinal worms, strangury, asthma, cough, hiccough, diarrhea, dysentery and wounds by the herbal healers of Mizoram and it is also part of Ayurvedic formulations.
Ethnopharmacological importance Leptospermum flavescens has been used traditionally in Malaysia to treat various ailments such as constipation, hypertension, diabetes and cancer.
Concerns about sodium overload when using sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Na-resin) as an ion-exchange resin for the treatment of hyperkalemia led our institution to gradually shift to the use of calcium polystyrene sulfonate (Ca-resin). However, as serum potassium levels were insufficiently controlled and patients experienced constipation, we returned to using Na-resin and observed better results t...
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195624.].
Intestinal secretagogues have been tested for the treatment of chronic constipation and constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. The class-effect of these type of drugs has not been studied.
Constipation is commonly diagnosed in our pediatric ED. Care has varied significantly, with a heavy reliance on abdominal radiography (AR) for diagnosis and inpatient management for bowel cleanout. We implemented a standardized approach to caring for patients presenting to a pediatric ED with symptoms consistent with constipation, emphasizing clinical history, physical exam, less reliance on AR, a...
In zoonotic infections, the relationships between animals and humans lead to parasitic disease with severity that ranges from mild symptoms to life-threatening conditions. In cities and their surrounding areas, this statement is truer with the overcrowding of the protagonists of the parasites' life cycle. The present study aims to investigate the distribution of a parasite, Echinococcus multilocul...
Mizagliflozin is a novel oral sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) inhibitor that increases luminal glucose and water. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of mizagliflozin in patients with functional constipation.
Fecal elastase-1 (E-1) levels in infants and young children may be expected to differ from those in adults and older children because of the immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract and the specificity of their diet. Despite the availability of data describing E-1 levels in the stools of preterm infants, older children, adults and subjects with malabsorption, there is still a lack of data regardin...
Opioid therapy is often associated with adverse effects, including opioid-induced constipation (OIC), in patients receiving opioids for cancer pain. This retrospective observational cohort study evaluated healthcare utilization and costs during the first year after initiating opioid therapy among cancer patients with (cohort 1) and without (cohort 2) constipation.
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have high prevalence of co-occurring medical conditions including speech, sleep, and gastrointestinal disorders (constipation and feeding difficulties), developmental delay, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, hypotonia, epilepsy, anxiety, disruptive behavior, pica, and eczema. Less is known about whether these commonly co-exist in the same child...
Efficacy and safety of naloxegol, a peripherally acting µ-opioid receptor antagonist that significantly reduces opioid-induced constipation (OIC), were assessed for patient subgroups defined post hoc by baseline maintenance opioid characteristics.
More than half of children evaluated as outpatients for abdominal pain are diagnosed with constipation. X-ray use in this scenario is variable: less than 5% in clinic settings, greater than 70% in emergency departments. X-rays increase misdiagnosis rate, remain costly, and involve radiation exposure.
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains a major challenge in neonatology. Little is known about NEC pathophysiology apart from the presence of pre-event gut dysbiosis. Here, we applied broad range metabolomics to stools obtained 1-5 days before NEC developed from 9 cases (9 samples) and 19 (32 samples) controls matched for gestational age at birth and birth weight. The 764 identified metabolites i...
Chronic constipation (CC) is a common gastrointestinal disorder with limited treatment options. Linaclotide is a potent peptide agonist of the guanylate cyclase-C receptor. This action activates intracellular conversion of guanosine 5-triphosphate to cyclic guanosine monophosphate resulting in the stimulation of intestinal fluid secretion. Linaclotide is a promising new agent for refractory consti...
The objective of the study was to examine the association between biopsychosocial factors and developmental trajectories of childhood urinary incontinence (UI). We used developmental trajectories (latent classes) of childhood UI from 4-9 years including bedwetting alone, daytime wetting alone, delayed (daytime and nighttime) bladder control, and persistent (day and night) wetting (n = 8751, 4...
Chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) is a prevalent disorder affecting productivity, quality of life, and health care resource utilization. Nurse practitioners (NPs) play a critical function in managing patients presenting with CIC, with roles including evaluation, diagnosis, treatment decisions, and patient education. For adults with inadequate response or tolerability issues using over-the-coun...
The extensive and alarming use of opioids for pain management in patients with chronic pain receiving palliative care is associated with non-tolerable gastrointestinal (GI) adverse effects. Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is the most common adverse effect impairing patient quality of life (QOL). In addition, OIC is one of the treatment limiting consequences of opioid analgesics. Management of OI...
Elobixibat is a minimally absorbed ileal bile acid transporter inhibitor. This study aimed to investigate the safety, tolerability, efficacy, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics of elobixibat in Japanese patients with chronic constipation (CC).
Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Diseases (EGIDs) are a rare group of disorders that can have varied clinical presentations dependent on the involved segment within the gastrointestinal tract. Eosinophilic gastritis presents with abdominal pain or vomiting; Eosinophilic gastroenteritis presents with diarrhea and anemia/hypoalbuminemia and Eosinophilic colitis can present with diarrhea or bloody stool...